Thursday, August 17, 2017

JPAM Featured Article: Scraping By: Income and Program Participation After the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

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JPAM Featured Article: Scraping By: Income and Program Participation After the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits

Aug 17, 2017 07:17 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Video: APPAM Student Session: "Stopping Cyber Threats: Security & Deterrence in Cyberspace"

Missed the event? No problem! View a recording of the event here.

 
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Join the APPAM Leadership!

APPAM is soliciting its members for nominations to the APPAM Policy Council and for the positions of President-Elect, Vice-President, and Secretary. All terms will begin in 2018. President-Elect, Vice President, and Secretary are 2-year terms; all Policy Council (Board) positions are 4-year terms. Policy Council members and those elected for officer positions help determine the strategic direction of APPAM and are involved in shaping the focus of the programs that benefit all members.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Using Preferred Applicant Random Assignment (PARA) to Reduce Randomization Bias in Randomized Trials of Discretionary Programs

Jun 20, 2017 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Student Member Spotlight: Menbere Shiferaw

Jun 15, 2017 01:00 PM

Student Member Spotlight: Menbere Shiferaw

 
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Member Spotlight: Nick Hart, Ph.D.

Jun 15, 2017 01:00 PM

Member Spotlight: Nick Hart, Ph.D.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Do Higher Minimum Wages Benefit Health? Evidence from the UK

May 25, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Point/Counterpoint Articles: Stop & Frisk (G. Ridgeway)

May 23, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Point/Counterpoint Articles: Stop & Frisk (J. Fagan)

May 23, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Student Member Spotlight: Kimberly Arnold

May 17, 2017 04:00 PM

Student Member Spotlight: Kimberly Arnold

 
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Member Spotlight: Katie Vinopal, Ph.D.

May 17, 2017 04:00 PM

Member Spotlight: Katie Vinopal, Ph.D.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: U.S. Child Safety Seat Laws: Are they Effective, and Who Complies?

Apr 19, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Student Member Spotlight: Kirk Heffelmire

Apr 13, 2017 04:00 PM

Student Member Spotlight: Kirk Heffelmire

 
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APPAM Signs "Open Data" Letter to Congress

APPAM is proud to be a signatory of the "Open Data" letter to Congress dated April 5, 2017.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Impact of Prenatal Exposure to Power Plant Emissions on Birth Weight: Evidence from a Pennsylvania Power Plant Located Upwind of New Jersey"

Mar 22, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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2017 Fall Research Conference Sponsorship

2017 Fall Research Conference Sponsorships are now available!

 
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Student Member Spotlight: Luis Rodriguez

Mar 14, 2017 04:00 PM

Student Member Spotlight: Luis Rodriguez

 
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Member Spotlight: Matt Young

Mar 14, 2017 04:00 PM

Member Spotlight: Matt Young, Ph.D.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Presidential Prescriptions for State Policy: Obama's Race to the Top Initiative"

Mar 08, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Coverage of the APPAM/Sanford School Institutional Forum

Duke University's Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke’s Policy Bridge, and the Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management (APPAM) hosted an Institutional Member forum on February 17, 2017 which explored how research being conducted in universities is informing policy. Discussion included the role of practitioners in making policy, researcher/policymaker partnerships, and some strategies to bridge the gap between policy and practice.

 
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Student Member Spotlight: Mallory Flowers

Feb 14, 2017 10:00 PM

Member Spotlight: Mallory Flowers

 
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Member Spotlight: Rebecca Myerson, Ph.D.

Feb 14, 2017 06:00 PM

Member Spotlight: Rebecca Myerson

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Comparing Inference Approaches for RD Designs: A Reexamination of the Effect of Head Start on Child Mortality"

Feb 08, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "On Measuring and Reducing Selection Bias with a Quasi-Doubly Randomized Preference Trial"

Jan 25, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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APPAM Members Elect New Representatives to the 2017 Policy Council

APPAM members elected a new Vice President and new cohort of Policy Council members. Members also elected a Treasurer and appointed a new President-Elect and student rep to the board.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Impact of Health Insurance on Preventive Care and Health Behaviors: Evidence from the First Two Years of the ACA Medicaid Expansions"

Jan 05, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 

APPAM/Sanford School Institutional Member Forum

Duke University's Sanford School of Public Policy and APPAM hosted an Institutional Member forum on February 17, 2017 which explored how research being conducted in universities is informing policy. Discussion included the role of practitioners in making policy, researcher/policymaker partnerships, and some strategies to bridge the gap between policy research and practice.

 
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Institutional Member Spotlight: Brown University

The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs at Brown recently redesigned the MPA program to focus on analytical skills and professional development in a rigorous June-May format.

 

APPAM Announces Open Submission Period for 2017 Regional Student Conferences

Dec 19, 2016 03:15 PM

APPAM is now accepting proposal submissions for two Regional Student Conferences which will be held in April 2017. During these conferences, students will present research across a wide variety of policy areas, through poster sessions and on conference panels with their peers. Both Masters and Ph.D. students are encouraged to submit proposals for these conferences. Submissions for both conferences will be accepted until January 18, 2017.

 
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Access the APPAM/MDRC Institutional Member Forum Webcast!

MDRC’s Center for Applied Behavioral Science (CABS) and APPAM hosted a forum on December 13, 2016 which explored the future of behavioral science research, practice, and policy. The event, held in DC, brought together distinguished experts from MDRC, academia, and the government to share their work and provide insight on next steps for research, practice, and policy.

 
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APPAM 2017 Regional Student Conferences - DC and California

2017 APPAM Regional Student Conferences

APPAM will host two regional student conferences in 2017. The DC Regional Student Conference will be held on April 7th - 8th, 2016 at George Mason University in Arlington, VA. The California Regional Student Conference will be held on April 9th - 10th at the University of California Riverside in Riverside, CA. During these conferences, students will present research across a wide variety of policy areas, through poster sessions and on conference panels with their peers.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "College Enrollment and Completion Among Nationally Recognized High-Achieving Hispanic Students"

Nov 09, 2016 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Policy Reform and the Problem of Private Investment: Evidence from the Power Sector"

Nov 02, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Early Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage in Medicaid Expansion and Non-Expansion States"

Oct 26, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Supplying Disadvantaged Schools with Effective Teachers: Experimental Evidence on Secondary Math Teachers from Teach For America"

Oct 19, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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The Wonk Podcast: Intro & Episode 1

As young people flock to cities, more and more notice the burden of high rent. Why is rent so high, and how do we know when it's a problem? Spence breaks down rental markets with urban economist Dr. Sam Staley: how do we measure changes in the housing market, how do we decide between good and bad development, and who are the YIMBY unicorns?

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Early Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage in Medicaid Expansion and Non-Expansion States"

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Effect of the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998 on Rewarded and Unrewarded Performance Goals"

Oct 12, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Announces 2016 Raymond Vernon Memorial Award Winner

Oct 11, 2016 08:15 PM

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is pleased to announce that the winner of this year’s Raymond Vernon Memorial Award is Kerri Raissian of the University of Connecticut Department of Public Policy for her paper "Hold Your Fire: Did the 1996 Federal Gun Control Act Expansion Reduce Domestic Homicides?" The paper was first published in the Winter 2016 issue of JPAM.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Pass-Through of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages to Retail Prices: The Case of Berkeley, California"

Oct 04, 2016 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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APPAM Announces 2016 Ph.D. Dissertation Award Winner

Sep 28, 2016 02:15 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Management (APPAM) is pleased to announce that the 2016 Ph.D. Dissertation Award Winner is Dr. Vincent Reina, of the University of Southern California, Sol Price School of Public Policy. Honorable mentions have been bestowed to Eric Roberts, of John Hopkins University, and Daniel Sebastian Tello-Trillo, of Vanderbilt University.

 
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Member Spotlight: Roger J. Chin

Sep 22, 2016 04:43 PM

Member Spotlight: Roger J. Chin

 
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APPAM Announces 2016 Kershaw Award Winner

Sep 22, 2016 02:15 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Management (APPAM) is pleased to announce that the 2016 David N. Kershaw Award Winner is Dr. Varun Rai of the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. Dr. Rai will give a featured presentation during the 2016 Fall Research Conference on Friday, November 4.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Testing the School-to-Prison Pipeline"

Sep 19, 2016 04:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Effect of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion on Migration"

Sep 12, 2016 04:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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APPAM Announces 2016 Exemplar Award Winner

Sep 12, 2016 12:43 PM

The Exemplar Award was created by APPAM's Policy Council in 2013 to draw attention to the important role individuals play in connecting research and policy in the policymaking process. The award recognizes the work of an individual who has made major contributions to public policy by valuing the knowledge resident in academia and using research and analysis to craft innovative solutions to policy problems.

 
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APPAM Awards 25 Student Fellowships to Fall Research Conference

Sep 09, 2016 12:43 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Management (APPAM) is pleased to announce that it has recently granted 25 students with the Equity and Inclusion Fellowship. The grant allows recipients to attend the association’s annual Fall Research Conference.

 
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APPAM & UMD School of Public Policy Announce Rossi Winner

Sep 02, 2016 12:43 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Management (APPAM) and the University of Maryland’s School of Public Policy are pleased to announce that Rudolph Penner, Ph.D., Robert Reischauer, Ph.D., and Alice Rivlin, Ph.D. have been jointly selected as the 2016 winner(s) of the Peter H. Rossi Award.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation

Aug 11, 2016 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Call for Papers: Evaluation of the Affordable Care Act

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) invites the submission of manuscripts to be published either individually or in a series of symposiums in forthcoming issues on the “Evaluation of the Affordable Care Act” depending on the volume of submissions.

 
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Institutional Member Spotlight: Claremont Graduate University

The Division of Politics and Economics in Claremont Graduate University’s (CGU) School of Social Science, Policy, and Evaluation offers a 16-month Master of Arts in Public Policy (MAPP) and a PhD-level field in Public Policy as part of the Political Science doctoral program. The division also offers joint degree programs with the Division of Behavioral and Organizational Sciences (MA Public Policy and Evaluation) and The Drucker Ito School of Business (MA Politics, Economics and Business).

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Connections Matter: How Interactive Peers Affect Students in Online College Courses

Jun 27, 2016 06:45 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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#APPAM16INTL Student Summary: "Causes and Consequences of Inequality in Academic Achievement: Comparisons Across Countries, Cohorts, and the Life-Course"

Summary of Tuesday June 14 Session: "Causes and Consequences of Inequality in Academic Achievement: Comparisons Across Countries, Cohorts, and the Life-Course"

 
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#APPAM16INTL Student Summary: "Educational Inequalities" Plenary

Summary of Tuesday June 14 Plenary: "Educational Inequallities"

 
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#APPAM16INTL Student Summary: "The Health Gap: The Challenge of an Unequal World" Plenary

Summary of Tuesday June 14 Plenary: "The Health Gap: The Challenge of an Unequal World"

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Explaining the Consequences of Imprisonment for Union Formation and Dissolution in Denmark

Jun 14, 2016 08:08 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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#APPAM16INTL Student Summary: "Living with Insecurity" Plenary

Summary of Monday June 13 Plenary: "Living with Insecurity"

 
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Apply for the APPAM Equity and Inclusion Fellowship

Jun 07, 2016 08:39 PM

In an effort to encourage participation by underrepresented students in APPAM and its activities, the Policy Council and APPAM’s Diversity Committee created the ‘APPAM Equity and Inclusion Fellowship’ in April 2016. The fellowship will support the travel and participation of up to 25 students from traditionally underrepresented backgrounds at the 2016 APPAM Fall Research Conference, November 3 -5, in Washington, DC.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: How Do Nonprofits Respond to Regulatory Thresholds: Evidence from New York's Audit Requirements

Jun 07, 2016 07:22 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of Breakfast in the Classroom on Obesity and Academic Performance: Evidence from New York City

Jun 02, 2016 02:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Can Social-Emotional Learning Reduce School Dropout in Developing Countries

May 20, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Performance Standards and Employee Effort: Evidence from Teacher Absences

May 19, 2016 01:00 AM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Reading For Life and Adolescent Re-Arrest: Evaluating a Unique Juvenile Diversion Program

May 18, 2016 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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APPAM Student Brown Bag Series: Discussion & Networking with Lee Badgett

Are you an emerging policy professional eager to influence policy with your research? Please join APPAM and AcademyHealth as we take a deep dive into what policy students and practitioners can do to become an influential policy advisor and go-to person on emerging issues.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Broadening Benefits from Natural Resource Extraction: Housing Values and Taxation of Natural Gas Wells as Property

May 17, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Do School Report Cards Produce Accountability Through the Ballot Box?

May 16, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Big Data and Public Policy

May 16, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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Submit a Proposal to Host an APPAM Regional Student Conference

APPAM is seeking proposals from our institutional members to organize a second regional student conference in 2017, in addition to the regional student conference in Washington, D.C.

 
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Submit a Proposal to Organize the 2017 APPAM International Conference

APPAM is seeking proposals from our institutional members to organize an international conference in 2017.

 
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Institutional Member Spotlight: Pepperdine School of Public Policy

The Pepperdine School of Public Policy offers a two-year, full-time Master of Public Policy (MPP) degree, as well as joint degree programs with the Graziadio School of Business and Management (MPP/MBA), and with the Pepperdine School of Law (MPP/JD) and its Straus Institute for Dispute Resolution (MPP/MDR).​

 
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Read APPAM's 2015 Annual Report

APPAM releases its 2015 Annual REport, which summarizes activities and highlights for the year.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Charter High Schools’ Effects

Mar 29, 2016 02:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Public and Private Production

Mar 22, 2016 03:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Performance Standards and Employee Effort

Mar 15, 2016 08:53 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of English Language Learner Reclassification

Mar 08, 2016 02:53 PM

"The Effect of English Language Learner Reclassification on Student ACT Scores, High School Graduation, and Postsecondary Enrollment: Regression Discontinuity Evidence From Wisconsin."

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of Nighttime Driving Restrictions on Teens

Feb 29, 2016 07:30 PM

We are both researchers with a deep interest in the effects, both intended and unintended, of policy interventions, particularly those relating to issues of criminal justice.  Having been personally exposed to GDL through family and friends, the hypothesized effects of the policy on crime seemed natural and important to us.

 
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An APPAM/Abt Associates Member Forum: Rethinking US Food Policy

APPAM and Abt Associates will team up and jointly host an Institutional Member Forum on Food Assistance Policy in Washington, D.C. in February 2016.

 
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APPAM Members Elect New Representatives to the Policy Council

APPAM members elect a new Vice President and new cohort of Policy Council members to the board. Members also re-elected its Secretary and appointed a new President-Elect, student rep to the board.

 
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Institutional Member Spotlight: McGeorge School of Law at the University of the Pacific

The McGeorge School of Law at the University of the Pacific, Sacramento campus, offers three distinctive professional degrees, which join knowledge of the law, competencies in analyses, and skills in action. The Public Policy and Administration degrees emphasize deep engagement of students with consequential public policy issues, consistent with the commitment to experiential learning that is the hallmark of the University.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Social and Productive Impacts of Zambia's Child Grant

Accumulated evidence from dozens of cash transfer programs across the world suggest that there are few interventions that can match the range of impacts and cost-effectiveness of a small, predictable monetary transfer to poor families in developing countries. However, individual published impact assessments typically focus on only one program and one outcome. This article presents two-year impacts of the Zambian Government’s Child Grant.

 
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Submissions Open for 2016 APPAM Spring Conference

Submissions for APPAM's 2016 Spring Conference in Washington DC will be open through the end of January 2016.

 
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Working Group on Poverty Releases Report; Group Includes APPAM President and Two Past Presidents

AEI/Brookings release a consensus plan for reducing poverty; working groups includes many notables, including Ron Haskins and Jane Waldfogel.

 
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Spotlight: Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy

The mission of the Bloustein School and the Program in Public Policy “pursues equitable and efficient solutions to public problems at multiple levels from the global to the local.” The complexity of the questions facing today’s policymakers has grown immeasurably; at the Bloustein School, we are committed to giving our students the knowledge to deal with these questions, preparing them to become agents of positive change.

 
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Streamed Sessions at APPAM's Fall Research Conference

Oct 26, 2015 07:11 PM

If you are unable to attend APPAM's 2015 Fall Research Conference in Miami, November 12-14 and wish to experience some of the conference, APPAM has the solution. During the Fall Research Conference, APPAM will be live streaming three, ninety-minute symposia focused on evidence-based policy.

 
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APPAM and ICPA-Forum Award 2015 Best Comparative Paper

Oct 23, 2015 07:51 PM

APPAM, in conjunction with the International Comparative Policy Analysis (ICPA) Forum, are pleased to announce the winners of this year’s Award for Best Comparative Paper. Dr. Laura Langbein and Dr. Pablo Sanabria were selected for their paper "Independent Professional Bureaucracies and Street-Level Corruption: Evidence From Latin America," originally presented at APPAM’s 2014 Fall Research Conference in Albuquerque, NM.

 
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JPAM Awards 2015 Vernon Memorial Prize

Oct 13, 2015 07:30 PM

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is pleased to announce that the winners of this year’s Raymond Vernon Memorial Award are Thomas S. Dee and James H. Wyckoff for their paper Incentives, Selection and Teacher Performance: Evidence from IMPACT.

 
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Manasi Deshpande to Receive APPAM's 2015 Best Dissertation Award

Oct 07, 2015 05:00 PM

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) is pleased to announce Manasi Deshpande, a recent Ph.D. graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), as the winner of the 2015 Best Dissertation Award. Honorable mention goes to Alexander Smith, University of Virginia and Gabriel Cardona-Fox, University of Texas, Austin.

 
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APPAM Student Brown Bag Series: Health Care Policy

There are many ways in which public policy affects health outcomes. One such policy, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), has impacted how the country’s health care system serves millions of Americans. The focus has now shifted to how policies like the ACA affect health care services and other social determinants of health.

 
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Sean Reardon to Receive 2015 Spencer Foundation Award from APPAM

Sep 28, 2015 06:24 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Analysis Management (APPAM) has selected Sean Reardon, Stanford University, as the recipient of the 2015 Spencer Foundation Award. The Spencer Foundation Award recognizes noteworthy contributions through research and analysis in the field of education policy and management.​

 
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Rebecca Blank, Chancellor, University of Wisconsin - Madison to Receive the 2015 APPAM Exemplar Award

Sep 18, 2015 01:50 PM

APPAM is pleased to announce that Rebecca Blank, Chancellor, University of Wisconsin-Madison and former APPAM President (2006-2007), is the recipient of this year’s APPAM Exemplar Award. The Exemplar Award recognizes the work of an individual who has made major contributions to public policy by valuing the knowledge resident in academia and using research and analysis to craft innovative solutions to policy problems.

 
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Mathematica Hosts Disability Research Consortium Annual Meeting

Mathematica's Center for Studying Disability Policy and the National Bureau of Economic Research Hosts the Disability Research Consortium Annual Meeting.

 
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Spotlight: Baruch College School of Public Affairs

Jul 31, 2015 06:00 PM

The mission of the School of Public Affairs is to enhance the performance of governmental and nonprofit institutions in New York and the nation in the interest of effective and equitable public service and public policy in a diverse society.

 
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APPAM Hosts First Student Brown Bag Series Event - Big Data and Science & Technology Policy

Jul 22, 2015 02:30 PM

APPAM Hosts Brown Bag Session on Big Data and Science & Technology Policy.

 
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Interview with Juliet Musso, Chair, Committee of Institutional Representatives

Jul 20, 2015 04:42 PM

The Chair of APPAM's Committee of Institutional Representatives, Juliet Musso talks with APPAM staff about her goals for her term and APPAM.

 
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Brookings Institution Hosts Conference: Preparing the Next Generation of Manufacturers through Community Colleges

Jul 13, 2015 06:39 PM

On July 9, Governance Studies at the Brookings Institute hosted a half-day conference focused on the growing partnership between community colleges and the manufacturing sector.

 
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Spotlight: School of Public Affairs at American University, Washington, DC

Jun 30, 2015 08:24 PM

SPA provides its faculty and graduates the opportunity to tackle complex issues with thoughtful research that educates, informs, promotes change and contributes to the global conversation.

 
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APPAM Student Brown Bag Series - Big Data and Science & Technology Policy

Jun 25, 2015 01:52 PM

Please join us on Tuesday, July 21, 5:00pm – 7:00pm at the University Club in Washington, DC to network and explore Big Data with practitioners and academics.

 
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Urban Institute Hosts Panel Discussion: Opportunity in Urban America

Jun 16, 2015 02:36 PM

The Urban Institute marked the 50th anniversary of the establishment of HUD by hosting a panel discussion, Opportunity in Urban American. HUD Secretary Julián Castro joined city leaders, and urban experts reflecting on the shared history of HUD and the Urban Institute, discussing the current state of opportunity in American cities, and looking ahead to the challenges facing urban communities in the next 50 years.

 
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Spotlight: SDA Bocconi School of Management

Jun 04, 2015 04:04 PM

The MPA program provides a learning environment enabling participants to develop a creative mindset required to tackle public management issues.

 
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Memo to APPAM Members: Senate Student Privacy Bill Threatens Use of Education Data

May 28, 2015 06:28 PM

On May 14, Senator David Vitter (R-LA) introduced The Student Privacy Protection Act (SB 1341). This legislation, if it were to pass, would have a devastating impact on the quality of education research.

 
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Mathematica Hosts Forum: Advanced Analytics for Better Decision Making

On May 20 at its Washington, DC offices Mathematica hosted the forum and webinar, Advanced Analytics for Better Decision Making.

 
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Scott Latham Shares His Fall Research Conference Experiences

May 21, 2015 07:49 PM

Scott Latham, a 4th year Ph.D. student at the Curry School of Education at the University of Virginia shares his experience of presenting a paper at APPAM's Fall Research Conference.

 
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PublicServiceCareers.org, Your Source for Professional Jobs in the New Public Sector

May 13, 2015 07:52 PM

PublicServiceCareers.org is the most widely used website for finding jobs, career advice, and information on degrees in public service and public affairs. It is sponsored by the three most prominent organizations in professional public service and education: Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management, Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and the American Society for Public Administration.​

 
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Top Reason to Attend the Fall Research Conference

May 13, 2015 01:48 PM

The APPAM Fall Research Conference attracts the highest quality research on a wide variety of important current and emerging policy and management issues.

 
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JPAM Early View: Prevention, Use of Health Services, and Genes: Implications of Genetics for Policy Formation

Apr 30, 2015 08:18 PM

In this article authors George Wehby, Benjamin W. Domingue and Jason D. Boardman evaluate the hypothesis that genetic factors influence the use of health services and prevention behaviors in a national sample of adult twins in the United States.

 
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Spotlight: University of Maryland, Baltimore County School of Public Policy

Apr 23, 2015 03:41 PM

The mission of the School of Public Policy is to provide quality education for a diverse range of students, both full and part-time. The School welcomes students who have recently completed their undergraduate education or master's degree, and are interested in pursuing careers in policy analysis, management, or research, as well as mid-career professionals who want to improve their abilities and qualifications.​

 
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Get Involved with the Student Advisory Committee, by David Morar

Apr 14, 2015 05:43 PM

Meet the members of APPAM's Student Advisory Committee!

 
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Member Spotlight: Michael Siciliano

Apr 14, 2015 04:43 PM

Member Spotlight: Michael Siciliano

 
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Advances in Policy and Politics Conference 2015

Apr 06, 2015 06:08 PM

George Mason University's School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs holds Advances in Policy and Politics Conference 2015 on April 3.

 
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Interview with Ron Haskins, APPAM President-elect

Mar 11, 2015 08:11 PM

APPAM President-elect Ron Haskins talks with staff about the Fall Research Conference and APPAM.

 
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Spotlight: The Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy at the University of Virginia

Feb 24, 2015 08:35 PM

The Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy at the University of Virginia develops leaders and generates new knowledge to solve the world’s toughest public policy challenges. Through policy and analysis training in critical leadership skills, the school inspires students to act vigorously, effectively and ethically on behalf of the common good. The School teaches that policy is everywhere, and students can lead from anywhere.

 
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APPAM Student Happy Hour in DC: Tuesday, March 24th

Feb 23, 2015 09:13 PM

Join Us for Happy Hour! APPAM Student Happy Hour Tuesday, March 24th, 2015 5:00 p.m.–7:00 p.m Tonic Restaurant at Quigley’s Pharmacy 2036 G St. NW Washington, DC 20036 Closest Metro Station: Foggy Bottom Come join us for a post spring break happy hour to connect with current policy members and learn how APPAM membership has benefited them both as students and after graduation. Policy students of all levels are invited to join APPAM members and staff for complementary cocktails and

 
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JPAM Early View: Waging War on Poverty: Poverty Trends Using a Historical Supplemental Poverty Measure

Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey and the March Current Population Survey, we provide poverty estimates for 1967 to 2012 based on a historical supplemental poverty measure (SPM). During this period, poverty, as officially measured, has stagnated. However, the official poverty measure (OPM) does not account for the effect of near-cash transfers on the financial resources available to families.​

 
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SNAP Helps Families Manage Economic Shocks and Equalizes the Safety Net across States

This year, the House Agriculture Committee will hold hearings on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). SNAP (formerly Food Stamps) was expanded in 2009 in response to the economic crisis, and the number of recipients and spending on the program grew rapidly during the Great Recession. Last year modest cuts were made to SNAP, but current congressional efforts to overhaul the program might translate into much larger program reductions.

 
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JPAM Early View: The Currents Beneath the "Rising Tide" of School Choice

THE CURRENTS BENEATH THE “RISING TIDE” OF SCHOOL CHOICE: AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENT ENROLLMENT FLOWS IN THE CHICAGO PUBLIC SCHOOLS

 
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APPAM President-Elect Testifies Before Congress

Ron Haskins, APPAM President-Elect testifies before Congress on the importance of work to escape poverty.

 
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Memo to APPAM Members: Access for Researchers to Education Data

There is widespread belief among people who follow education issues in Washington DC that there could be a provision in upcoming legislation that would have an impact on researchers who use data from local and state school systems.

 
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APPAM Members Elect New Leadership to the Policy Council

APPAM members elect a new Vice President and cohort of Policy Council Members and appoint a new President-Elect, Treasurer and student rep to the board.

 
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Vote in the APPAM Election for 2015 Policy Council Members and Leaders

Jan 15, 2015 02:51 PM

If you're a current APPAM member and you have not yet voted, be sure to do so today. You should have received a reminder ballot last week. If you have not, please email Tara Sheehan, tsheehan@appam.org.

 
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JPAM: Can Genetics Predict Response to Complex Behavioral Interventions?

Jan 07, 2015 03:02 PM

Some children are more sensitive to their environments, for better and worse, Duke researchers discover. Listen to a podcast, describing the study here, http://bit.ly/1tJA2xt

 
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APPAM Introduces Haskins, Waldfogel, and Evans as 2015 Leadership Team

Jan 06, 2015 03:00 PM

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) is happy to announce the Association’s new leadership team for 2015. Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, officially steps into her role as APPAM’s President, replacing Angela Evans, University of Texas at Austin, who moves into the role of Immediate Past President. Ron Haskins, Brookings University, joins the Executive Committee as President-Elect.

 

Social Programs That Work

Jan 06, 2015 02:30 PM

APPAM's new President-Elect Ron Haskins pens an Op-Ed in last week's New York Times, discussing the importance of the evidence-based movement to make social programs better.

 

Racial Bias, Even When We Have Good Intentions

Jan 06, 2015 02:00 PM

The deaths of African-Americans at the hands of the police in Ferguson, Mo., in Cleveland and on Staten Island have reignited a debate about race. Some argue that these events are isolated and that racism is a thing of the past. Others contend that they are merely the tip of the iceberg, highlighting that skin color still has a huge effect on how people are treated.

 

Why I Quit the Congressional Research Service

Jan 05, 2015 03:30 PM

How Congress’s dysfunction has degraded its own in-house think tank.

 

A longtime proponent of marriage wants to reassess the institution’s future

Jan 05, 2015 02:00 PM

In the turbulent culture wars over sex, love, poverty and the future of the American family, Isabel V. Sawhill, the winner of APPAM's 2014 Exemplar Award and a blunt, influential and formidable voice, has long come down squarely on the side of marriage.

 
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Spotlight: Georgia State University

The students, faculty, and alumni of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University (GSU) work to advance economic opportunity, human rights and social justice by helping to improve public policy and management around the globe.

 

Incremental Delivery of Financial Aid to Promote College Success

Dec 22, 2014 02:30 PM

A large-scale evaluation of whether an innovative approach to distributing financial aid – through bi-weekly payments, like a paycheck, instead of one or two lump-sum payments – can improve academic outcomes for low-income college students.

 
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A Grad Student Experiences First Fall Conference

Dec 22, 2014 02:00 PM

As a graduate student in economics from the University of Washington, the Fall Research Conference organized by APPAM was a fantastic opportunity to learn and interact with scholars and practitioners from different fields and institutions. I attended this conference to present my work on educational policy, more specifically, how environmental pollution may impact students’ academic performance.

 
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Housing America’s Seniors: Demand, Supply, and Public Policy

Dec 18, 2014 06:00 PM

Affordable and accessible housing is a central tenet for people of all ages, especially so for older adults over the age of 65. Housing is often the largest cost in most household budgets, which directly affects day-to-day financial security and future wealthbuilding. Over the next three decades, the number of American households headed by people of age 65 and older will increase dramatically.

 

A Call for Big Changes to Meet a Big Challenge at Community Colleges

Dec 18, 2014 03:00 PM

More than a decade of efforts to propel low-income and underserved students through community college have fallen short because states and colleges haven’t made systemwide commitments to strategies like streamlining degree requirements, accelerating remediation, and financially rewarding colleges for raising graduation and persistence rates, according to a report being released today by Jobs for the Future.

 

Johns Hopkins to get up to $49M for evidence-based health care work

Dec 18, 2014 02:00 PM

Johns Hopkins' Evidence-Based Practice Center has been awarded a five-year federal contract worth up to $49 million. The award from the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is intended to promote the use of data for making medical decisions and shaping public policy. The Evidence-Based Practice Center at Hopkins is one of 13 in the country.

 
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Reimagining the Educational Path to the Workforce

Dec 17, 2014 05:00 PM

One of the most longstanding problems that plagues the American postsecondary education system is the lack of a clear pathway for students to follow from the start of their education to their career. Complete College America, a national nonprofit that is dedicated to expanding the pool of American college graduates, tackles this problem as one of its five “game-changer” strategies, the Guided Pathways to Success (GPS).

 

Staunton school leaders, teachers learning data literacy

Dec 17, 2014 03:00 PM

Analyzing data from past performances can often be a good indicator of future success. It’s true in many industries, and true for education. But when you have so much data, scores and benchmarks for thousands of students, how does a school division break down that data? How does it set aside the data that isn’t going to be beneficial and focus on the information that is?

 

IDI Call for Papers

Dec 17, 2014 02:00 PM

The Israel Democracy Institute invites the submissions of papers for a workshop on the topic of: "The Consideration of Rights in the Policy Making Process: What Enhances their Influence and What Leads to their Disregard?"

 

Affordable Care Act swelling ranks of self-employed, report says

Some economists and health experts say the ACA is spurring people to quit their jobs to pursue self-employment – and the trend is already starting to reap benefits for the economy as people feel free to pursue their desired careers.

 

Want better schools? Pay for them

Dec 16, 2014 03:00 PM

Public policies shape the footprints we leave as a society. The establishment of schools and the commitment to educating the masses during our nation's early history have been instrumental in creating the type of nation we have experienced over time.

 
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Local and State Minimum Wage Laws

Dec 16, 2014 02:00 PM

A wave of states and cities have recently passed laws raising their local minimum wage requirement above the federal minimum wage of $7.25. Earlier this year, my home city of Seattle passed a new law raising our minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2017, and San Francisco voters this month likewise approved a ballot measure to raise the city’s minimum wage to $15 by 2018. Many commentators were surprised that voters in traditionally “red” states passed minimum wage increases.

 

What Might Evidence-based Policy 2.0 Look Like?

Dec 15, 2014 03:00 PM

Vivian Tseng has been reading about the evolution of the internet lately, and it has her thinking about what the next generation of evidence-based policy might look like.

 
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Data and the Quest for Available Access

Dec 15, 2014 02:00 PM

Data is the bedrock of our work as scholars and teachers of public policy and management and as we study and educate with the goal of improving the quality of policy and management. Our approaches vary, but whatever our discipline and methodology, we learn by observation.

 

The U.S. Middle Class Has Faced a Huge “Inequality Tax” in Recent Decades

Dec 12, 2014 04:00 PM

In 2014, rising income inequality became a front-burner political issue, as policymakers and the general public became more aware of the enormous stakes for the American middle-class.

 

Creating Access to Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care

In “Creating Access To Opportunities For Youth In Transition From Foster Care,” the American Youth Policy Forum has highlighted best practices and policies and made recommendations to support youth in transition from foster care in three critical areas of need – sustainable social capital, permanency supports, and access to postsecondary opportunities.

 

When It Comes to Early Learning, Preschool Isn't Enough

Dec 12, 2014 02:00 PM

The country still needs a lot more investment to really change the life trajectory of young kids being raised by poor, single moms.

 

The Moderating Role of Leader-Leader Exchange

Dec 11, 2014 04:00 PM

In this study, the authors propose that the upward leader-leader exchange (LLX) relationship is an important moderating condition in predicting the consequences of leader-member exchange (LMX) differentiation within work groups.

 

Short-Sighted Challenges to Evidence-Based Policy

Dec 11, 2014 03:30 PM

Something revolutionary is happening: Evidence-based policy is taking hold in Washington. As described in two new books – "Moneyball for Government" and "Show Me the Evidence" – the Obama administration has made a series of strategic moves to increase the use of evidence by federal agencies and state and local programs. In other words, these programs are being assessed to see if they actually work – not a common occurrence inside the Beltway.

 
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Corporate Tax Cuts and Foreign Direct Investment

Dec 11, 2014 03:30 PM

Accurate policy evaluation is central to optimal policymaking, but difficult to achieve. Most often, analysts have to work with observational data and cannot directly observe the counterfactual of a policy to assess its effect accurately.

 

Report: The pros and cons of using big data to monitor drug safety

Dec 11, 2014 03:00 PM

A new report by researchers at RTI Health Solutions (RTI-HS) and parent company RTI International, found that although healthcare databases have allowed for greater access to real world medical data, using databases to evaluate the safety of medical products is complex and requires careful research consideration.​

 
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Now Taking Applications for Open Student Seat on APPAM's Policy Council

Dec 11, 2014 02:02 PM

As part of the approved changes to APPAM's Policy Council from 2013, two student seats were created to better include the student voice in APPAM's governing body. Each seat is a two-year staggered term. One student will be appointed annually by a committee co-chaired by the APPAM President, Jane Waldfogel, and the Chair of Institutional Representatives, Michael Shires. Sarah Cordes was appointed in 2014 and is halfway through her term as student representative.

 

How the 1986 immigration law compares with Obama’s program

Dec 10, 2014 04:00 PM

As the federal government gears up to offer deportation relief to about 4 million unauthorized immigrants, it’s worth looking back to 1986, when a new law established what was then the biggest legalization and citizenship process in U.S. history. One similarity between then and now: No one knows how many people will apply.

 

New York Federal Reserve Bank Establishes Integrated Policy Analysis Group

Dec 10, 2014 03:00 PM

The New York Fed has announced the formation of its Integrated Policy Analysis Group (IPA).

 

Rutgers Ph.D. Student Helps Revitalize Park in Camden

Dec 10, 2014 02:30 PM

Growing up in a poor neighborhood in the Southeast Bronx, Rasheda L. Weaver knew that she was going to make a difference. “I believed that I was smart and could do anything I put my mind to, while many of my peers felt poverty limited their potential to do and be something great,” recalls the Ph.D. candidate in public affairs-community development at Rutgers University–Camden.

 
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Outgoing President Angela Evans Looks Back at 2014

Dec 10, 2014 02:00 PM

APPAM's outgoing president, Angela Evans, took a few moments to look back at her term and share her thoughts on future challenges facing the Association, entering APPAM leadership roles, and her excitement for the organization's future.

 

Newly named center to expand its public policy role

Dec 09, 2014 03:30 PM

UMass Dartmouth has renamed and relaunched its Center for Policy Analysis as the Public Policy Center under the direction of Dr. Michael Goodman. The PPC will play a critical role in regional and statewide policy discussions by providing public, private, and non-profit leaders with the analytical support required to make the Commonwealth, region, and Massachusetts cities and towns better places to live, work, and do business, the university said in a statement.

 

The Search For A National Child Health Coverage Policy

Dec 09, 2014 02:15 PM

Thirty-eight percent of US children depend on publicly financed health insurance, reflecting both its expansion and the steady erosion of employment-based coverage. Continued funding for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is an immediate priority. But broader reforms aimed at improving the quality of coverage for all insured children, with a special emphasis on children living in low-income families, are also essential.

 
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Spotlight: Sacramento State

The Master’s of Public Policy and Administration Program at Sacramento State is an interdisciplinary program designed to equip its graduates with the conceptual, analytic, and problem-solving skills and experiences necessary for them to deal effectively with public sector policy and administrative issues, problems, and opportunities. In the fall of 2014, Sac State celebrated its 25th year of granting the MPPA, with over 400 alumni working in the Sacramento Area, California, and the world.

 
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Call for Proposals: Spring Conference 2015

Dec 08, 2014 03:00 PM

The goal of the conference is to begin a dialogue among academic researchers; policymakers, who create policy; and practitioners, who implement policy. The conversation aims to advance the exchange of knowledge and information among these sectors, creating better informed policy deliberations. APPAM will use this conference to determine if the Association can play a role in this exchange, and if so, what that may entail.

 

Institute for the Social Sciences supports diverse faculty research

Dec 05, 2014 05:00 PM

Understanding why college students check Facebook so often and whether the stigma of having a father in jail affects elementary school teachers’ expectations of students are just two of many questions social scientists are exploring using research grants awarded last month by the Institute for the Social Sciences.

 

How to Make the Case for Graduate Education

Dec 05, 2014 02:30 PM

Students worry about job prospects as tenure-track jobs dwindle, and often want universities to do more to prepare students for careers outside academe. They also want universities to better track Ph.D.-placement data, which more institutions in recent years are trying to do.

 

Activists Wield Search Data to Challenge and Change Police Policy

Rather than relying on demonstrations to force change, a coalition of ministers, lawyers and community and political activists turned to numbers. They used an analysis of state data from 2002 to 2013 that showed that the Durham police searched black male motorists at more than twice the rate of white males during stops. Drugs and other illicit materials were found no more often on blacks.

 

University of Michigan joins national effort to expand college access

Dec 04, 2014 05:40 PM

The University of Michigan was invited to join President Obama and hundreds of college presidents and other higher education leaders on December 4 to announce new actions to help more students prepare for and graduate from college.

 
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Student Update: Winter 2014

Dec 04, 2014 03:00 PM

Policy Council student representative Sarah Cordes gives a recap of this year's fall conference and other Association issues that impact students.

 
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Show Me the Evidence: Highlighting the Fight for Results in Social Policy

Dec 03, 2014 02:30 PM

A vast majority of social programs active today are never evaluated; those that do undergo evaluation are found to be ineffective. Yet these programs continue to be paid for by American taxpayers. In a new book, Ron Haskins and Greg Margolis found that the Obama administration began expanding the work begun during the Bush presidency in planning, enacting, and implementing several initiatives to fund social programs based on rigorous evidence of success.

 

Evidence-Based Practices Aren't the Only Tool in the Shed

Over the last 15 years, juvenile justice advocates fought hard to convince policymakers and government officials that the best way to help youth succeed and improve public safety is to keep them out of secure confinement. To keep youth out of confinement, we argued, we should place youth in the community and enroll them in evidence-based practices (EBPs) close to home.

 

Figuring out what works, whether the goal is curing Ebola or improving public policies

Urban Institute believes in the power of good research to strengthen public policy, help find solutions, and elevate the debate about what works. Random control trials constitute a very important tool in their tool kit.

 
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The Hubert Project: Where Interactive Teaching Meets Interactive Technology

Dec 02, 2014 03:00 PM

From conversations with public affairs colleagues both nationally and internationally, Jodi Sandfort has found that we are largely missing the boat when it comes to applying the latest research on teaching and learning in what we do in our classrooms. Interactive pedagogies, experiential learning, multimedia presentations are all things documented to improve adult learning outcomes. However, many of our teaching methods have not kept abreast.

 

Obamacare’s Complexity is Not Designed to Fool People

Nov 25, 2014 05:00 PM

Obamacare’s complexity is really driven by the complexity of our present health care system—and the preferences of the American people.

 

Study: Public support for LGBT rights up in last three decades

Nov 25, 2014 03:30 PM

Public support for the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender ( LGBT ) people in the United States has increased significantly over the last three decades, according to a new study released today by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law. National trends suggest that increased support for LGBT rights is not exclusively due to a generational shift, but due, in part, to a broad cultural shift towards acceptance that has impacted people of all ages and ideologies in the country.

 
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Early-Life Origins of Life-Cycle Well-Being

Nov 25, 2014 02:00 PM

Mounting evidence across different disciplines suggests that early-life conditions can have consequences on individual outcomes throughout the life cycle. Relative to other developed countries, the United States fares poorly on standard indicators of early-life health, and this disadvantage may have profound consequences not only for population well-being, but also for economic growth and competitiveness in a global economy.

 

Are Children Better Off Than They Were 25 Years Ago?

Nov 24, 2014 04:00 PM

25 years ago, the United Nations laid the foundation for children's rights and protections - at least as part of international theater. The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most ratified human rights treaty in history but three members, Somalia, South Sudan and the United States, have not signed it even though the Reagan administration wrote most of the verbiage.

 

Training Future Leaders to Master Policy and IT

Nov 24, 2014 03:19 PM

Data-driven decision-making is becoming an increasingly important part of government management. But public policy schools still tend to treat data analysis as a very separate, segregated function. That could be changing. This year, the University of Chicago launched a two-year master’s program that blends public policy education with IT skills.

 
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The Civil Rights Act and the War on Poverty: 50 Years Later

Nov 24, 2014 03:00 PM

The Civil Rights Act and the War on Poverty: 50 Years Later served as a forum to discuss the legacies of arguably two of the most important legislative and policy agendas of the past half century.

 

Chicago Harris Shines at APPAM Conference

Nov 21, 2014 03:30 PM

Chicago Harris had a strong presence at the Association of Public Policy and Management’s Annual Fall Research Conference, held November 6–8 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 

New portal to provide broad access to public data in Vermont

Nov 21, 2014 02:00 PM

Public data abounds in modern times, but relatively little of it is publicly accessible, and even less of it is linked in a meaningful way. Spreadsheets and databases often live on closed computer networks inside individual state agencies or organizations. The information is difficult to access and analyze, and thus its usefulness is limited.

 

Reassessing the Effects of Extending Unemployment Insurance Benefits

Nov 21, 2014 02:00 PM

In October 2009, the civilian unemployment rate in the U.S. touched 10 percent, higher than at any time since WWII save a year in the mid-1980s (figure 1). This severe, almost unprecedented, increase in unemployment prompted equally unprecedented public policy responses from federal and state governments.

 

Medicare, Medicaid get ‘big data’ chief

Nov 20, 2014 04:30 PM

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is creating the position of chief data officer to improve transparency, agency officials said Wednesday. Niall Brennan, the agency official who will take on the role, will be charged with collecting and disseminating information about Medicare, Medicaid, the ObamaCare marketplaces, the Children's Health Insurance Program and other initiatives.

 
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When Is a Result “Significant”

Nov 19, 2014 04:00 PM

As a Master’s student, I was very happy to see the new Data Analytics Track at the APPAM Fall Research Conference this year. In my program at the Bloustein School for Planning and Public Policy, students have the option to concentrate their studies in a number of different areas. One of the least favorite for many of the students is the Methods track, the track that focus strongly on quantitative and qualitative analysis.

 

Absent Major Change, High Wealth Inequality Will Likely Remain the Norm

There is no doubt that income inequality is growing. A recent CBO report that traced market income (before taxes or government transfer payments) shows that 80 percent of U.S. households had a smaller share of market income in 2007 (before the Great Recession) than in 1979. Even the top 20 percent, taken as a whole, increased its share of market income by less than half a percentage point.

 

Study shows amount of learning time falls at high-poverty schools

Teachers in high-poverty schools are more likely than their peers in low-poverty schools to report more time lost for academic instruction due to poor access to libraries, technology and qualified substitute teachers, a new study by the UCLA Institute for Democracy, Education and Access (IDEA) found.​

 
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Introducing APPAM's New President-Elect Ron Haskins

Nov 18, 2014 07:00 PM

At the recent Fall Research Conference, the Association's Nominating Committee, co-chaired by past presidents Paul Decker and Sandra Archibald, submitted to the membership the nomination of Ron Haskins as the next President-Elect. The motion was carried unanimously.

 

Former Metro Atlanta Chamber Exec Joins Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State

Nov 18, 2014 03:47 PM

Retired Metro Atlanta Chamber President Sam A. Williams, a nationally recognized expert in urban competitiveness, has joined the faculty of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University.​

 
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2014 Fall Conference: That's a Wrap!

Nov 17, 2014 03:00 PM

Hard to believe the 2014 Fall Research Conference is now ten days behind us! This was APPAM's largest conference yet, featuring nearly 300 sessions and events, and saw more than 1,500 attendees in Albuqueque, New Mexico. The APPAM staff thanks everyone who attended; you made this year quite exciting! ​

 

Urban Institute: Evaluation: Rebuild by Design Phase I

Nov 13, 2014 03:00 PM

Rebuild by Design launched in June 2013 by the federal Hurricane Sandy Task Force. HUD, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the JPB Foundation partnered with the Urban Institute to evaluate the first phase of RBD from conception through design awards. The evaluation found that RBD’s implementation held true to its innovative vision for integrating design competition into disaster recovery and its ambition for regional and resilient infrastructure.

 
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Insights to Prepare Yourself for the Job Market from Those in “The Know”

Nov 13, 2014 03:00 PM

As many of us are approaching our fateful graduation day in the spring, we are currently investigating organizations that will align with our passions to make the world a better place. Yet, there is one burning question that had been reiterated at APPAM’s Professional Development Workshop, one that may pose challenging to answer: What is the difference between MDRC and Mathematica?

 

Analyzing Different Enrollment Outcomes in Select States

Nov 13, 2014 03:00 PM

Researchers analyze why two pairs of states in the federally facilitated marketplace (FFM) had very different enrollment rates in 2014, comparing North Carolina with South Carolina, and Wisconsin with Ohio.

 

Paternity Leave: The Rewards and the Remaining Stigma

Nov 12, 2014 03:00 PM

Women’s role in society and the economy has been transformed over the last half-century. Today, 70 percent of women with children at home are in the labor force, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. But only recently have men’s roles begun to change in significant ways. APPAM President-Elect Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, is quoted in this NYT article.

 

Unionizing Child-Care Providers Could Lead to Higher-Quality Care

Nov 12, 2014 02:30 PM

Unionized child-care providers are more likely to seek state-regulated licenses, a proxy for program quality, according to a study presented last week at the Association for Public Policy and Management conference in New Mexico.

 
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Session Recap: State-Provided Paid Leave

Nov 12, 2014 02:00 PM

An in-depth look at three new studies presented on the interactions with safety net programs and new families with regards to state-provided paid leave from the 2014 Fall Research Conference.

 
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Spotlight: Johns Hopkins University

Nov 10, 2014 02:00 PM

The Johns Hopkins Master of Public Policy (MPP) was created in 1992 as the Masters of Arts in Policy Studies (MAPS) under the direction of Dr. Lester Salamon in an effort to address a clear demand for qualitatively oriented analysis of social policy. The program was found to be of high-quality and to have succeeded remarkably well in its short existence.

 
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Plenary Recap: APPAM/NASPAA Joint Plenary with Jeff Bingaman

Nov 08, 2014 03:00 PM

To kick off the 2014 APPAM Fall Research Conference, the former U.S. Senator from New Mexico Jeff Bingaman spoke at the APPAM/NASPAA Joint Plenary. The Senator spoke on how we can work to make government function better.

 
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Session Recap: Federalism and the Enforcement of Environmental and Safety Regulations

Nov 07, 2014 11:19 PM

In this Fall Research Conference session, three papers were presented regarding environmental and safety regulations.

 
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Session Recap: Beyond Internal Validity--The Peter H. Rossi Lecture

Nov 07, 2014 09:20 PM

Dr. Larry Orr was selected as this year’s 2014 Peter H. Rossi Award winner. Orr began his discussion by highlighting the important times and influential people in his life and career. He mentioned how he got his start as Assistant Professor at Wisconsin, Madison and discussed working with Joseph Newhouse on the RAND project.

 
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Symposia Recap: Politics and Policy Making

Nov 07, 2014 01:00 PM

Some extremely interesting and pertinent topics regarding racial demographics and the two political parties were discussed in the symposium on Politics and Policy Making in the United States.

 
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Generation Unbound: Drifting into Sex and Parenthood Without Marriage

Nov 04, 2014 03:00 PM

With over half of all births—many unplanned—to young adults in the United States today occurring outside of marriage, the result is an increase in poverty and inequality for children. One side of the political aisle argues for more social support for unmarried parents, while the other side argues for a return to traditional marriage.

 
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Rossi Award Winner Larry Orr Talks Career, Successes, and Inspiration in Evaluation

Oct 31, 2014 01:00 PM

Earlier this month, APPAM announced Dr. Larry L. Orr of Johns Hopkins University as the latest recipient of the Peter H. Rossi Award. For the last 40 years, Orr has made numerous notable contributions to the field of evaluation. He is also known for helping other researchers conceptualize and conduct their own high quality work.

 

Jobs-Plus: An Evidence-Based Program for Public Housing Residents Expands

Oct 30, 2014 02:30 PM

Jobs-Plus — a model proven to help public housing residents find work — is about to be replicated across the country. But to expect similar results as have been achieved in the past, practitioners need to learn from others’ experiences with the program. MDRC has developed a guide to implementing Jobs-Plus, and in 2015 will release a new report on replicating the model.

 
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Head Start Program Also Shown to be Beneficial for Parent’s Education

Oct 30, 2014 01:00 PM

Head Start is the oldest and largest federally-funded preschool program in the United States, currently serving more than one million children with almost $8 billion dollars appropriated annually. From its inception, Head Start not only provided early childhood education, care, and services for children, but also sought to promote parents’ engagement in their children’s schooling, their childrearing skills, and their own educational progress.

 

Humphrey School welcomes inaugural Ph.D. cohort

Oct 29, 2014 04:00 PM

The Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota this fall welcomed seven highly accomplished students to its new Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Public Affairs program. Together these emerging scholars bring extensive experience and a passion for studying policy and planning related to many pressing societal concerns, including energy innovation and environmental practices; private sector philanthropy and social welfare; and transit development and social equity.

 
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Key Ingredients in the Program Recipe: Insights from Baking for Program Evaluation

Oct 29, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM Policy Council member Laura Peck sees a lot of similarities between the art of baking and successful program evaluation.

 

NCAA's Graduation Rates Don't Necessarily Prove Success

Oct 28, 2014 01:00 PM

Last year, the association reported that 82 percent of Division I athletes had graduated within a recent six-year period, up from 74 percent a decade before. Last year’s data also showed that a record proportion of football players from major conferences completed college in that time.

 

Sec. Duncan Urges California to Become a National Model of Early Learning

Oct 24, 2014 01:30 PM

U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan challenged California to stand up as the model of what a high-quality early child care and education system should look lik

 
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Good Education Policy is Good Health Policy

Oct 22, 2014 02:00 PM

Graduating from high school is associated with many benefits, but perhaps the biggest benefit is a longer life and better health.

 

What Really Happens at Community Colleges? A Tool Taps Data for Answers

Oct 22, 2014 01:00 PM

How do community-college students move from their first class to their first job? Plenty of educators and analysts would like to know more about that process.

 
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A Conversation with 2014 Kershaw Winner Donald Moynihan

Oct 21, 2014 02:00 PM

Last month Donald Moynihan, professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s La Follette School of Public Affairs, was announced as this year’s recipient of the David N. Kershaw Award. Given every two years, the award is presented to a scholar under the age of 40 who has made a distinguished contribution to public policy analysis and management. Moynihan took some time to discuss his work, the award, and people who have had an influence on his life.

 

It's Time to Rethink Education Policy and Consider Pre-K Plus

Oct 20, 2014 04:00 PM

A new report released earlier this month shows that “universal” policies aren’t actually doing a good job of helping the low-income children who need pre-K the most and get the greatest benefits from it.​

 

Slow Health Care Spending Growth Moderates GDP Growth In The Short Term And Policy Targets Should Reflect This

Oct 20, 2014 02:00 PM

Economic growth is most often measured by growth in gross domestic product (GDP), which is the value of all final goods and services produced in an economy. Recent revisions to the first quarter 2014 estimates of U.S. GDP growth have raised concerns over the extent to which the Affordable Care Act (ACA) might be impacting economic growth.

 
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APPAM and ICPA-Forum Award 2014 Best Comparative Paper

Oct 17, 2014 02:00 PM

APPAM, in conjunction with the International Comparative Policy Analysis (ICPA) Forum, are pleased to announce the winners of this year’s Award for Best Comparative Paper. Sanya Carley, Jennifer Brass, Elizabeth Baldwin, and Lauren M. MacLean were selected for their paper "Global Expansion of Renewable Energy Generation: An Analysis of Policy Instruments," originally presented at APPAM’s 2013 Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC.

 

EPI: Home Values Have Seen Starkly Disparate Recoveries by Race

Oct 17, 2014 01:00 PM

Though it is widely believed that home values have stabilized in most areas during the recovery, a recent report by the Federal Reserve found that between 2010 and 2013, the inflation-adjusted median home value for all homeowners declined 7 percent. Even more startling, however, is how unevenly home values have recovered by race of the homeowner.

 

MDRC: The Effects of New York City’s Small High Schools of Choice on Postsecondary Enrollment

Oct 16, 2014 02:00 PM

Since 2010, MDRC has released three research reports on the New York City Department of Education’s multiyear initiative to create small public high schools that are open to any student who wants to attend. This brief adds evidence from a fourth cohort on high school graduation and presents MDRC’s first results with respect to these schools’ effects on postsecondary enrollment.

 

Chronicle: A Response to 'An Open Letter to Journal Editors'

Oct 16, 2014 01:30 PM

The problem in doctoral education is not students writing scholarly articles; the problem is the dissertation and the publishing process.

 
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Using Implementation Science to Advance the Adoption of Evidence-Based Programs

Oct 10, 2014 04:00 PM

Recently, Mathematica Policy Research hosted a forum that examined the emerging field of implementation science. There is growing recognition across disciplines of the importance of implementation research to guide the adoption, replication, and scale-up of evidence-based programs.

 

NIH Awards $32 Million to Tackle Big Data in Medicine

Oct 10, 2014 01:30 PM

The National Institutes of Health on Thursday awarded almost $32-million in grants to more than two dozen institutions to devise innovative ways of helping researchers handle huge sets of data seen as increasingly central to future medical discoveries.

 
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APPAM President Angela Evans Honored in Congressional Record

Oct 09, 2014 04:00 PM

This past July, APPAM President Angela Evans was honored by Representative James P. Moran (D-VA) in the Congressional Record. During the second session of the 113th Congress, Congressman Moran rose and made several statements honoring Evans' career and achievements. "This remarkable woman merits our recognition and gratitude for her dedication and commitment to public service, serving more than 35 years at the Congressional Research Service."

 
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Professor Ronald C. Fisher Announced as 2014 Recipient of Steven D. Gold Award

Oct 09, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM, in conjunction with the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and the National Tax Association (NTA) are pleased to announce that Professor Ronald C. Fisher, Michigan State University, is the recipient of this year’s Steven D. Gold Award.

 

10 States Where Income Inequality Has Soared

Oct 08, 2014 01:30 PM

Although average real income in the United States increased by more than a third between 1979 and 2007, not all workers benefited equally. In each of the 50 states, income growth among the top 1% of earners rapidly outpaced that of the bottom 99%, according to a recent study. APPAM member and Cornell professor Richard Burkhauser is quoted within.

 
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Brookings’ Isabel Sawhill to Receive 2014 APPAM Exemplar Award

Oct 07, 2014 02:00 PM

APPAM is pleased to announce that Isabel Sawhill, Co-Director of the Center on Children and Families and the Budgeting for National Priorities Project at the Brookings Institution, is the recipient of this year’s APPAM Exemplar Award. The Exemplar Award recognizes the work of an individual who has made major contributions to public policy by valuing the knowledge resident in academia and using research and analysis to craft innovative solutions to policy problems.

 

Is Marriage Coming Back?

Oct 03, 2014 04:00 PM

At a seminar to discuss my new book, Generation Unbound, we had a lively debate on the question of whether marriage can be restored in the United States with some believing it will be and others being more skeptical. Although I have tended to fall into the latter camp, the simple truth is that none of us knows. Here is my current list of reasons to be optimistic or pessimistic on this front. (by Isabel Sawhill, an APPAM past president)

 

EPI: Flexibility and Overtime Among Hourly and Salaried Workers

Oct 03, 2014 01:45 PM

Some of the debate over raising the threshold hinges on the idea that salaried workers newly eligible for overtime pay would become more like hourly workers because their employers would need to track these workers’ hours.

 
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Is There a “Workable” Race-Neutral Alternative to Affirmative Action in College Admissions?

Oct 02, 2014 02:00 PM

In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court clarified when and how it is legally permissible for universities to use an applicant’s race or ethnicity in its admissions decisions. The court concluded in Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin that such use is permitted when “no workable race-neutral alternatives would produce the educational benefits of diversity.”

 

Could work-study jobs, Section 8 Housing help Students?

Oct 02, 2014 01:30 PM

Longtime University of Texas at Brownsville President Juliet García — currently focused on creating a new academic institute in South Texas — is proposing two innovative ways to increase retention and completion among at-risk college students: offering them Section 8-like housing assistance and tying their federal financial aid to on-campus jobs.

 

Sen. Mike Lee says conservatives need to lead new war on poverty

Oct 02, 2014 01:00 PM

Sen. Mike Lee told a Sutherland Institute audience Wednesday that Americans are ready to launch a new war on poverty, "if conservatives can somehow summon the courage to lead that very fight." The Utah Republican spoke at a fundraising dinner for the conservative public policy think tank along with Arthur Brooks, the head of the American Enterprise Institute who has written about the morality of free enterprise.

 

Jobless Receiving Unemployment Insurance at a Record Low

Oct 01, 2014 04:00 PM

It has been nearly nine full months since Congress allowed a program extending state unemployment benefits to the long-term jobless to expire. In that time, millions of Americans, who less than a year ago would have been eligible for an additional six months of unemployment benefits, have seen them cut off.

 

New AIR Report Looks at Ph.D. Gender Imbalance in Academic Fields

Oct 01, 2014 03:00 PM

A new American Institutes for Research (AIR) research brief identifies the most gender imbalanced academic fields in which Ph.D.'s are awarded. In the STEM field, animal sciences and mathematics had far more men earning doctorates while forestry, information science/studies and three categories of engineering had more women. The findings come from one of two new research briefs on STEM Ph.D.'s AIR released today. The other paper looks at graduate school funding.

 
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Dr. Larry Orr to Receive Peter H. Rossi Award for Forty Years of Contributions to the Field of Evaluation

Sep 30, 2014 05:00 PM

APPAM is pleased to announce that Larry L. Orr of Johns Hopkins University has been selected as the 2014 winner of the Peter H. Rossi Award. Orr teaches the Program Evaluation course in theInstitute for Health and Social Policy at Johns Hopkins University and works as an independent consultant on the design and analysis of evaluations of public programs.

 

Navigant Launches New Center for Healthcare Research and Policy Analysis

Sep 30, 2014 03:00 PM

Navigant has launched the Navigant Center for Healthcare Research and Policy Analysis (Center) - a data-driven, non-partisan resource center designed to bring valuable insights relative to how changing health policy and market dynamics are impacting the U.S. healthcare system.

 
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Humphrey School Announces New President Bill Clinton Scholarship for Diversity and Inclusion

Sep 30, 2014 01:00 PM

The Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota announced last week the creation of a special President Bill Clinton Scholarship for Diversity and Inclusion, in honor of President Clinton’s June 9, 2014, visit to the University of Minnesota.

 
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Volunteers Still Needed for 2014 Fall Conference

Sep 29, 2014 02:00 PM

APPAM is in need of a few more volunteers to work at the 2014 Fall Research Conference, November 6 - 8, in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 

Where Poverty and Inequality Intersect

Sep 26, 2014 01:30 PM

In the United States, the gap between those at the top of the economic ladder and those at the bottom is wide and growing. Since the Great Recession, public discourse has focused primarily on the earnings of top executives—the top 1 percent—in comparison with low-wage workers.

 
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Traffic Tickets Shown to Reduce Incidents of Motor Vehicle Accidents and Non-Fatal Injuries

Sep 24, 2014 02:00 PM

Reducing motor vehicle accidents is a perennial concern for health policy makers. Motor vehicle accidents cause more than 40,000 deaths and several million injuries each year, and are also the leading cause of death among children in the United States. While a large body of literature examines the impact of regulations and technological innovations, such as seat belts, airbags, and child safety seats, there has been considerably less work on the effect of traffic law enforcement.

 
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Networking Opportunities Abound at This Year's Fall Research Conference

Sep 23, 2014 03:00 PM

There's no argument that networking today is critical for success. At its core, networking is making contacts and encouraging an information exchange that fosters voluntary collaboration. While dissemination of information is part of the networking process, it isn't the final definition. In order to be truly successful, there needs to be some dialogue, reciprocity, and mutual interaction.

 
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Exploring the Institutional Environment and Public Benefit of For-Profit B-Corporations

Sep 22, 2014 02:00 PM

While the distinctions between organizational sectors have never been particularly clear, the emergence of new corporate forms that intentionally blend for-profit organizational forms with public purposes blur the lines further. More than 600 organizations nationwide are now certified as “B-Corporations”, legally integrating public purposes, accountability and transparency into their founding documents and stated corporate missions.

 
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Best of Social Media for the Week

See what all the fuss was about on public policy in social media this week.

 

Spending cuts to education and nutrition will hurt kids

Sep 19, 2014 01:00 PM

A new report Thursday found that only 2% of the projected increase in federal spending over the next decade will be dedicated to programs benefiting children.

 

Four Ways to Fix the U.S. Retirement System

Sep 18, 2014 02:00 PM

Boomers have expressed a strong desire to remain engaged in the market economy. They still want to make a difference. They’re a creative force for change. (APPAM member Richard Burkhauser, Cornell University, is quoted within.)

 
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APPAM Presents 2014 Best Dissertation Award to University of Chicago’s Anjali Adukia

Sep 18, 2014 02:00 PM

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) is pleased to announce Anjali Adukia, an Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, as the winner of the 2014 Best Dissertation Award. Honorable mention goes to Sara Heller, Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Criminology.

 
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The Minimum Wage Debate: Takeaways

Sep 18, 2014 01:00 PM

For the last two weeks, a debate on raising the minimum wage has been waged here between the author team of Jared Bernstein, Senior Fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and former Chief Economist to Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and Heidi Shierholz, Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Labor, and Joseph J. Sabia, Associate Professor of Economics at San Diego State University.

 

USC Funding Opportunities for Entering Masters Students

Sep 17, 2014 06:00 PM

The USC Price School of Public Policy is happy to announce PPIA's new Leadership in Diversity Fellowships, which recognize entering graduate students who demonstrate strong leadership abilities and are committed to diversity, inclusion, and social justice. Students entering the Master of Health Administration, Master of Nonprofit Leadership and Management, Master of Planning, Master of Public Administration, and Master of Public Policy programs will be considered for these fellowships.

 
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Student Update: Fall 2014

Sep 17, 2014 05:00 PM

APPAM Policy Council Student Representative Sarah Cordes discusses an important workshop taking place prior to this year's Fall Research Conference, networking opportunities at the conference, and the next opening for a student representative on the Association's Policy Council.

 
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APPAM Selects University of Wisconsin–Madison’s Professor Donald Moynihan as 2014 Recipient of Kershaw Award

Sep 17, 2014 01:00 PM

Donald Moynihan, professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s La Follette School of Public Affairs, has been recognized with a prestigious award for his research. Moynihan will receive the David N. Kershaw Award from the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) at its annual Fall Research Conference, November 6–8 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Moynihan will be the seventeenth recipient of the award.

 

Baker Institute Student Forum competition to feature undergraduate public policy proposals for energy

Sep 16, 2014 06:00 PM

Twelve undergraduate finalist teams from universities across the country will present their policy proposals on how best to address existing problems or emerging opportunities in the energy sector and other areas of energy policy in the United States at the Baker Institute Student Forum (BISF)’s second annual public policy conference Sept. 20 at Rice University.

 

Medicaid expansion will sting Utah's economy

Sep 16, 2014 02:30 PM

A new report published by the Federalism in Acton Project (FIA) definitively shows that Medicaid expansion will reverse the recent post-recession growth in Utah's private sector. This means two things for Utah families: they will bring home less income and will suffer from the loss of private sector jobs.

 

Beyond Marriage

Sep 15, 2014 06:00 PM

MARRIAGE is disappearing. More than 40 percent of new mothers are unmarried. Many young adults drift into parenthood unintentionally. They may be cohabiting at the time of their child’s birth, but about half of these couples will have split up by the time their child is 5 years old. College-educated young adults are still marrying before having children and planning their families more intentionally. The rest of America, about two-thirds of the population, is not.

 

Aging Behind Bars

Sep 15, 2014 03:14 PM

Did you know that people who have spent time behind bars can experience “accelerated aging” so that the physiological age of some older prisoners is up to 15 years greater than their chronological age? While this may be caused by a host of related factors—including histories of unhealthy behaviors and inadequate healthcare—there is little doubt that the trauma and stress of the prison environment can have an impact on prisoners’ accelerated aging and deterioration of health.

 
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Can Income Tax Reform Spur Economic Growth?

Sep 15, 2014 01:00 PM

There’s been a long-held understanding among economists that the United States tax system can have important effects on economic growth. Such a connection has loomed rather large during the recent downturn of the last few years. There remains considerable debate about how the current income tax system affects the economy, how large those effects are, and what the potential is for politically feasible tax reforms to boost the national economy.

 

Why the Geographic Variation in Health Care Spending Can’t Tell Us Much About the Efficiency or Quality of Our Health Care System

Sep 12, 2014 03:00 PM

This paper by Louise Sheiner examines the geographic variation in Medicare and non-Medicare health spending and finds little support for the view that most of the variation is likely attributable to differences in practice styles. Instead, she finds that socioeconomic factors that affect the need for medical care, as well as interactions between the Medicare system and other parts of the health system, can account, in an econometric sense, for most of the variation in Medicare health spending.

 

An Untapped Force in the Fight for Literacy

Sep 12, 2014 01:00 PM

Resources are always short in education. So it is welcome news that two recent studies show that task-shifting tutoring programs can work on a wide scale — and that scale can be achieved relatively affordably. A look at two studies from MDRC and NORC.

 

Mason Unveils Merged Policy and Government Units

Sep 11, 2014 02:16 PM

As the intricate world of government and international affairs has changed, George Mason University has worked to prepare students for this evolving landscape by creating a new school. Classes have begun at the new School for Policy, Government, and International Affairs. The school offers students a varied choice of majors, degrees and professional opportunities that will prepare global and domestic government and policy leaders.

 
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Counterpoint: Minimum Wage Policy

Sep 10, 2014 02:00 PM

As Congress returns to its duties this fall, one of the current debates they'll continue to address is that of raising the minimum wage. The debate was sparked anew by a February 2014 Congressional Budget Office report, The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income. From this came two important questions: Would minimum wage legislation diminsh poverty? Are there other efficient alternatives to such legislation?

 

Limited Impact on Health and Access to Care for 19- to 25-Year-Olds Following the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Sep 09, 2014 01:00 PM

Implementation of the PPACA was associated with increased health insurance coverage for 19- to 25-year-olds without significant changes in perceived health care affordability or health status. Although the likelihood of having a usual source of care declined between 2009 and 2012 for all, this decrease was smaller among 19- to 25-year-olds, and younger adults were more likely than 26- to 34-year-olds to have a usual source of care.

 

Why I’m not freaking out too much about the foreign funding of American think tanks

Sep 08, 2014 05:00 PM

Before we cry havoc and let slip the dogs of hypocrisy charges, it’s worth considering that think tanks have to get their funding from somewhere. One can argue for greater transparency in revealing their sources, but the important point is that the sources are pretty narrow: foreign governments, the U.S. government, foundations, large corporations, or really wealthy individuals.

 
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The Impact of Subsidized Birth Control for College Women: Evidence from the Deficit Reduction Act

Sep 08, 2014 03:00 PM

Authors Emily Gray Collins and Brad Hershbein use a unique natural experiment to investigate the sensitivity of American college women's contraceptive choice and sexual behavior to the price of prescription birth control. With the passage of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, Congress inadvertently and unexpectedly increased the effective price of birth control pills (“the Pill”) at college health centers more than three-fold, from $5 to $10 a month to between $30 to $50 a month.

 

Foreign Powers Buy Influence at Think Tanks

Sep 08, 2014 02:00 PM

More than a dozen prominent Washington research groups have received tens of millions of dollars from foreign governments in recent years while pushing United States government officials to adopt policies that often reflect the donors’ priorities, an investigation by The New York Times has found.

 
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Best of Twitter This Week

Sep 05, 2014 05:00 PM

Here's some interesting tweets from around the public policy Twitter circuit this week. Follow us @APPAM_DC and join the conversation!

 

Shortcomings of State Lottery-Funded Scholarships Outlined in New Paper from AASCU

Sep 05, 2014 02:00 PM

Despite their political popularity, state lottery-funded scholarship programs may not be the best mechanism to address college access and affordability, according to a new policy brief from the American Association of State Colleges and Universities. There are 44 states with lottery programs, 26 of which have earmarked funds for K-12 or higher education. While 11 states fund higher education with lottery revenues, eight use the money for merit-based scholarships specifically.

 

The Race Gap in America’s Police Departments

Sep 04, 2014 02:00 PM

In hundreds of police departments across the country, the percentage of whites on the force is more than 30 percentage points higher than in the communities they serve, according to an analysis of a government survey of police departments. Minorities make up a quarter of police forces, according to the 2007 survey, the most recent comprehensive data available.

 
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Going Local

Sep 04, 2014 01:00 PM

As anyone who has done a local site visit or studied street-level bureaucracy knows, there is a lot of interesting variation in the delivery of policy or programs at the local level. Local idiosyncrasies of political conflict or will, economic conditions, and bureaucratic or nonprofit capacity matter to the outcomes we observe across places, programs, and populations. To some extent, “all policy is local.”

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Minimum Wage Policy

Sep 03, 2014 02:00 PM

In the Fall 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the current “hot button” topic of minimum wage is debated. Given the current controversy of the consequences of a minimum wage increase, as lately outlined in the February 2014 Congressional Budget Office report "The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income," two questions must be asked: Would minimum wage legislation diminish poverty? Are there efficient alternatives to this legislation?

 

Dietary Quality Improves in US But Gap Between The Rich And Poor Increases

Sep 02, 2014 04:00 PM

Dietary quality in the United States has improved steadily in recent years - spurred in large part by reduced intake of trans fat - but overall dietary quality remains poor and disparities continue to widen among socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).

 

Colorado's policy leads to stunning drop in teen births

Sep 02, 2014 02:30 PM

Between 2007 and 2012, Colorado saw the highest percentage drop in birthrates among teens 15 to 19 in the country, according to a report released recently by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.

 
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Why Has Growth in Spending for Fee-for-Service Medicare Slowed?

Sep 02, 2014 02:00 PM

Growth in spending per beneficiary in the fee-for-service portion of Medicare has slowed substantially in recent years. The slowdown has been widespread, extending across all of the major service categories, groups of beneficiaries that receive very different amounts of medical care, and all major regions.​

 

U.S. $2 a Day Poverty in a Global Context: Five Questions Answered

Aug 29, 2014 03:00 PM

What percentage of Americans live on under $2 a day? This question was posed in an important study of U.S. poverty last year by Luke Shaefer and Kathryn Edin. The authors found that millions of Americans live on less than $2 a day. This finding is striking. The $2 threshold has traditionally been used to measure poverty in the developing world and is far below the official U.S. poverty line, which is equivalent to around $16 per person per day.

 

Urban: The costs of gun violence go beyond the hospital price tag

Aug 29, 2014 02:30 PM

The Urban Institute's new study on the consequences of gun violence in six states has gotten a lot of attention for its findings about the cost of hospital care and who pays for it. And with good reason—the financial costs of gun violence are enormous. In 2010, national costs totaled nearly $670 million, most of which is paid for by the public, either through public insurance programs like Medicaid or through the public subsidy of uncompensated care costs for the uninsured.

 
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A Conceptual Framework for Studying the Sources of Variation in Program Effects

Aug 28, 2014 03:00 PM

Evaluations of public programs in many fields reveal that different types of programs—or different versions of the same program—vary in their effectiveness. Moreover, a program that is effective for one group of people might not be effective for other groups, and a program that is effective in one set of circumstances may not be effective in other circumstances.

 

Who won the War on Poverty?

Aug 28, 2014 03:00 PM

President Ronald Reagan quipped: “In the ’60s we waged a war on poverty, and poverty won.” Did it? This month, 50 years since President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act, effectively kicking off the War on Poverty, is a good time to answer that question.

 

High-Ranking United Nations Official Returns to Academia as New Dean of UMD’s School of Public Policy

Aug 28, 2014 02:09 PM

The University of Maryland announced the appointment of Robert Orr, Ph.D., as the incoming Dean of the School of Public Policy. Dr. Orr’s 10 years with the United Nations and his leadership within academia, U.S. Government, and the think tank and not-for-profit sectors make him the clear choice to set the school’s strategic vision for the future.

 

Study: Minority-Serving Schools Serve Students of Color as Well as Predominantly White Institutions

Aug 28, 2014 01:00 PM

A new study challenges the notion that Black and Latino students are less likely to earn a college degree if they attend minority-serving institutions, such as historically Black universities or Hispanic-serving universities. The study reports that Black and Latino students who enroll at minority-serving institutions (MSIs) are equally as likely to complete college as Black and Latino students who attend other colleges and universities.

 

Study: LGBT Americans report less access to health care

Aug 27, 2014 04:00 PM

Gallup released a new study authored by Williams Distinguished Scholar Gary J. Gates, Williams Institute at the UCLA School of Law, showing that LGBT adults are more likely than their non-LGBT counterparts to lack health insurance coverage ( 17.6% v. 13.2%, respectively).

 

Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Understandings of Competing Notions of Academic Achievement Coexisting in Post-NCLB Public Schools

Aug 27, 2014 02:30 PM

Since the 2002 implementation of No Child Left Behind , teaching in public school contexts has become more complex and challenging. Today, public school teachers at all grade levels are accountable for maintaining a steady focus on their students’ academic achievement. However, many teachers have found themselves wrestling with two conflicting understandings of academic achievement.

 

Federal stimulus fails to protect college affordability, study finds

Aug 27, 2014 01:32 PM

Whilst state lawmakers honored provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 by not slashing their appropriations for greater education during the current financial crisis, a new analysis by larger education professional Jennifer A. Delaney indicates that the stimulus program could have failed to market college access and affordability.

 
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Check Out the Great Events at the Fall Research Conference for Students

Aug 27, 2014 01:30 PM

APPAM provides policy students—from undergraduate to postdoctoral—the biggest opportunity to network with its annual Fall Research Conference. This year, the conference is in the picturesque western town of Albuquerque, New Mexico. We have scheduled several sessions and events with students in mind, and all of them provide excellent networking opportunities. With today's highly competitive job market, networking in the right circles often opens doors to new opportunities and jobs.

 

Brookings: Saving Horatio Alger - Equality, Opportunity, and the American Dream

Aug 26, 2014 06:00 PM

Contrary to the Horatio Alger myth, social mobility rates in the United States are lower than in most of Europe. There are forces at work in America now—forces related not just to income and wealth but also to family structure and education—that put the country at risk of creating an ossified, self-perpetuating class structure, with disastrous implications for opportunity and, by extension, for the very idea of America.

 

Urban Institute: State TANF Policies as of July 2013

Aug 25, 2014 05:00 PM

The Welfare Rules Databook provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2013, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2013. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

 

The Scope and Demographics of Hunger in America

Aug 25, 2014 04:00 PM

A new report on hunger in America has been released by Feeding America and the findings are sobering, to say the least. As we justifiably feel increasingly confident about the state of the economy as it continues to emerge from the Great Recession, it is healthy to remind ourselves just how much need is out there, and this report hits the nail on the head.

 
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The Poverty-Reducing Effect of Medicaid

Aug 25, 2014 02:00 PM

Medicaid provides health insurance for more than 54 million Americans. In this paper, featured at last year's Fall Research Conference, authors Benjamin D. Sommers and Donald Oellerich use the Census Bureau's supplemental poverty measure to estimate the impact of eliminating the program. They found that Medicaid kept between 2.6 and 3.4 million people out of poverty in 2010, making it the country's third-largest antipoverty program.

 

Implementing New Ways to Measure Economic Activity

Aug 25, 2014 01:00 PM

The Obama administration has been implementing new ways to measure economic activity in the United States. Although not exactly front-page news, this initiative deserves praise from anyone, regardless of political party or economic views, who believes policymakers are more likely to make wise decisions if they are provided timely, valid, and informative data on economic performance in their states and regions.

 

MDRC's Dan Bloom's Testimony on Subsidized Job Programs

Aug 22, 2014 05:00 PM

On July 30, MDRC's Dan Bloom testified in front of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means, Human Resources Subcommittee regarding research evidence on subsidized employment programs.

 
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The Use and Efficacy of Capacity-Building Assistance for Low-Performing Districts

Aug 21, 2014 04:00 PM

The theory of action upon which high-stakes accountability policies are based calls for systemic reforms in educational systems that will emerge by pairing incentives for improvement with extensive and targeted technical assistance (TA) to build the capacity of low-performing schools and districts. ​

 

Police in Los Angeles Schools to Curtail Arrests, Citations for Minor Offenses

Aug 20, 2014 03:00 PM

The police force for the nation's second largest school system will now send most students who get into trouble for fighting, bringing tobacco or alcohol to campus, and other minor offenses to counseling rather than issuing citations or arresting them. In 2013, nearly 95% of the 1,100 arrests made by the district's police department were students of color. Black students were disproportionately arrested that year: They make up less than 10% of the district, but comprised 31% of the arrests.

 
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Policy Students Invited to 2014 Professional Development Workshop

Aug 20, 2014 02:00 PM

APPAM is once again holding a Professional Development Workshop before the start of the 2014 Fall Research Conference. "The Career Search: Behind the Scenes" will feature panel sessions that brings faculty and policymakers together to discuss three major career avenues of importance to students: the career search, tenured faculty and the fellowships, and the non-academic pathway. The workshop is aimed at supporting students in all stages of education, from undergraduate through postdoctoral.

 

The Impact on Family Caregivers from Patients with Cognitive or Behavioral Conditions

Aug 20, 2014 01:00 PM

The United Hospital Fund and AARP Public Policy Institute issued a report with compelling new evidence that family caregivers who provide complex chronic care to people who also have cognitive and behavioral health conditions face particularly demanding challenges, including high levels of self-reported depression.

 

More Education = Delayed Fertility = More Mobility?

Aug 18, 2014 02:00 PM

Inequality during childhood appears to have harmful implications for the prospects for social mobility later in life. Economically disadvantaged children tend to have worse teachers, whether measured by inputs or outputs, and effective teachers matter a great deal. Time-use studies find that highly-educated mothers spend more time on all forms of child care than less-educated mothers and are also more likely to change the type of child care based on children’s developmental needs.

 
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Fragile Health and Fragile Wealth: Mortgage Strain Among African American Homeowners

Aug 18, 2014 01:00 PM

The dominant public discourse around the recent mortgage and foreclosure crisis has primarily focused on recent housing market dynamics such as subprime lending and declining housing values. In this paper from the APPAM Online Paper Collection, authors Danya Keene, Julia Lynch, and Amy Baker present an alternative narrative about mortgage default and foreclosure that emerged from 28 in-depth interviews with working-class, African American homeowners who were at risk of losing their homes.

 
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Do Group Dynamics Influence Social Capital Gains Among Microfinance Clients?

Aug 14, 2014 02:30 PM

As an intrinsic part of the classic microfinance model, group meetings are intended to employ social capital to ensure timely repayment. Recent research suggests that more frequent meetings can increase social capital among first-time clients.

 

Gentrification and the Persistence of Poor Minority Neighborhoods

Aug 14, 2014 01:30 PM

A new study finds that neighborhoods that are more than 40 percent black are far less likely to gentrify. This is the subject of a path-breaking new study by Harvard doctoral student Jackelyn Hwang and urban sociologist Robert Sampson published in the August issue of the American Sociological Review.​

 

Higher minimum wages will improve economic well-being in DC

Aug 13, 2014 03:00 PM

The District of Columbia raised its minimum wage as of July 1 and is slated to raise it again each July through 2016 and adjusted for inflation thereafter. What will this mean for employers and employees? Will minimum-wage workers see a real difference in their bank accounts after paying higher taxes and losing public benefits as their earnings rise? And will employment fall, now that workers cost more?

 

Mathematica's Experts Present at National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics

Aug 13, 2014 02:03 PM

Mathematica's experts will present on a variety of topics in welfare, labor, and research methods at this year's National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics to be held August 17 to 20 in Providence, Rhode Island, including APPAM Secretary Matt Stagner.

 

Narratives Reveal Trauma for Homeless Women Living in Hotels

Aug 13, 2014 01:25 PM

“Traumatic Transitions: Homeless Women’s Narratives of Abuse, Loss, and Fear,” published in Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work (2014), reveals that women living in extended stay hotels as a result of homelessness are at increased risks for victimization, sexual assault, chronic health challenges and mortality born from temporary living conditions for low-wage residents.

 

What We Mean When We Say Student Debt Is Bad

Aug 12, 2014 03:00 PM

Once again, the headlines are filled with claims that student loans are bad. Several articles have highlighted results from a Gallup poll that shows that college graduates who borrow for college are less happy, healthy and wealthy than debt-free graduates. The Gallup report (which is cautious in its interpretation of the data) has been drawn into a rising chorus of news media reports on the negative consequences of borrowing.

 

AEI: Did cutting jobless benefits promote work?

What happens to the unemployed in the worst labor market in living memory when their long-term jobless benefits end? Some people, including many Republican lawmakers, had a theory: ending benefits would give the unemployed a nudge. With no more government checks coming, these folks would start looking harder — much harder — for a job or perhaps accept a job they wouldn’t have earlier.

 

Study on Parental Longevity Is Short on Causation

Aug 11, 2014 02:26 PM

In this New York Times post, APPAM Policy Council member Susan Dynarski looks at a recent paper comparing the life spans of people whose children did and did not go to college.

 
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How Job Displacement Affects Social Security Claiming and Work at Older Ages in the Short and Long Term

Aug 11, 2014 02:00 PM

Till von Wachter, Jae Song, and Joyce Manchester present new estimates of how job displacement affects the age of claiming Social Security benefits for workers displaced close to retirement age and workers displaced in prime working age.

 
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Beyond the GED: Can Adult Charters Help Close the Skills Gap?

Aug 08, 2014 01:30 PM

There are 40 million adults who do not have a high school diploma; 60,000 of them reside in the District of Columbia. The District has pioneered the concept of adult charter schools, centers of education that strive to provide adults with the assistance they need to pass the General Education Development test (GED). Outside of the District’s 11 schools, two in Minneapolis, Minnesota and one in Austin, Texas are under consideration. No other programs like these exist in the country.

 

Millions of Americans changed their racial or ethnic identity from one census to the next

Aug 06, 2014 03:00 PM

Millions of Americans counted in the 2000 census changed their race or Hispanic-origin categories when they filled out their 2010 census forms, according to new research presented at the annual Population Association of America meeting last week. Hispanics, Americans of mixed race, American Indians and Pacific Islanders were among those most likely to check different boxes from one census to the next.​

 

College, Career, and Civic Readiness: How Can a State Measure It?

On July 9, 2014, the National Association of State Boards of EducationExternal Links icon (NASBE) hosted the Webinar, “College, Career, and Civic Readiness: How Can a State Measure ItExternal Links icon?” The Webinar highlighted different methods of measuring college, career, and civic readiness (CCCR) that have been overlooked by more traditional CCCR indicators such as standardized test scores.

 
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The Performance of Performance-based Contracting in Human Services: A Quasi-experiment

Aug 05, 2014 02:00 PM

Performance-based contracting (PBC) is an increasingly attractive practice to public human service agencies. By attaching contract compensation to a contractor's performance achievement, PBC encourages quality services, better outcomes, and less monitoring.

 

Faith in Values: Working and Still Poor

Aug 05, 2014 01:00 PM

The Live the Wage challenge launched last week, giving the many Americans who are participating a real-life lesson in just how difficult it is to live on a job that pays the current federal minimum of $7.25 an hour. Cutting coupons to save on groceries becomes essential. So does checking the price of every item before purchasing it. Public transportation costs quickly eat into the weekly budget. Forget grabbing a bite at a local restaurant or going to the movies.

 
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Summer 2014 Video Update from the APPAM President

Aug 04, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM President Angela Evans thanks the Policy Council and the Association membership for all their hard work so far. She also discusses the great things President-Elect Jane Waldfogel is doing for this year's conference, the Association's largest in recent memory. Finally, Evans gives an update on the Association's committees and their invaluable work.

 

A Win for Data Wonks in Paul Ryan’s Poverty Plan

Aug 01, 2014 03:00 PM

Rep. Paul Ryan has generated lots of buzz around his proposals to expand EITC and reform the safety net through block grants, all outlined in his anti-poverty plan “Expanding Opportunity in America.” But for those interested in researching social mobility, Rep. Ryan’s most eye-catching ideas come in a short section near the end of the paper, with the unsexy title “Results-Driven Research.”

 

College-Admissions Professionals Not as Diverse as the Students They Recruit

Aug 01, 2014 02:00 PM

A new report out from the National Association for College Admission Counseling finds that the professionals reaching out to prospective college students are not as ethnically diverse as the population they are recruiting. Women and racial/ethnic groups are underrepresented in key segments of the admissions profession, according to the results of a survey of 1,500 admission counselors, directors, deans, and administrators at colleges and universities released July 30.

 

Brookings: Place and the Paul Ryan Poverty Plan

Jul 31, 2014 02:00 PM

The new poverty plan unveiled last week by Rep. Paul Ryan has definitely sparked a conversation, generating a flurry of responses from positive to critical to somewhere in between (call it skeptical). By not engaging in a budget cutting exercise as in the past, Ryan has framed his proposals as an effort to start a conversation in Washington about real policy reforms to more effectively fight poverty and promote economic opportunity.

 
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Aviation Security, Risk Assessment, and Risk Aversion for Public Decisionmaking

Jul 31, 2014 02:00 PM

Authors Mark G. Stewart and John Mueller estimates risk reductions for each layer of security designed to prevent commercial passenger airliners from being commandeered by terrorists, kept under control for some time, and then crashed into specific targets. Probabilistic methods are used to characterize the uncertainty of rates of deterrence, detection, and disruption, as well as losses.

 

Academy Health: Draft Bill Offers Glimmer of Hope for Health Services Research Funding

Jul 30, 2014 04:21 PM

On Thursday, July 24, the Senate appropriations subcommittee with jurisdiction over health research funding released its draft appropriations legislation for fiscal year (FY) 2015. Health services research fared well in the draft bill, in which the subcommittee proposed increases for the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

 

Urban Institute: Debt in America

Jul 29, 2014 02:19 PM

Debt can be constructive, allowing people to build equity in homes or finance education, but it can also burden families into the future. Total debt is driven by mortgage debt; both are highly concentrated in high-cost housing markets, mostly along the coasts.

 
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Expanding Opportunity in America: A Summary of AEI's Forum with Paul Ryan

Jul 29, 2014 02:00 PM

Last Thursday at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) in Washington, DC, Congressman Paul Ryan (R-WI) unveiled his new antipoverty proposal that reforms public assistance programs for low-income Americans. This plan encourages state and local policy innovation and encourages rigorous program evaluations.

 

Common Core Contracting Shows Uneven Trends, Study Finds

An analysis of contracting for common core-related materials shows a limited number of states accounted for the 600 opportunities in 2012 and 2013, with many other states showing no activity so far, according to Paul Irby, a market analyst at Onvia, a Seattle-based government business intelligence company.​

 

Everyone says turnout is key. So why does it keep going down?

Jul 28, 2014 07:00 PM

Tens of millions of dollars will be spent this year in an effort to boost turnout in the November elections. But the longer-term trends suggest that any marginal increase in what is expected to be a low-turnout election won’t have much effect on one of the chronic problems of America’s politics. [Washington Post]

 

Single Stop USA's Community College Initiative

Jul 28, 2014 02:40 PM

Single Stop USA and the Wisconsin HOPE Lab are pleased to share the most recent study of sites involved in Single Stop’s New Profit Social Innovation Fund award. The report highlights what this project has achieved by bringing an innovative approach to the provision of student services as well as areas where implementation improvements can be made.

 
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The White/Black Educational Gap, Stalled Progress, and the Long-Term Consequences of the Emergence of Crack Cocaine Markets

Jul 28, 2014 02:00 PM

Historically, there have been persistent differences between the high school completion rates and standardized test scores of white and black students. These differences narrowed between the mid-1960s and the mid-1980s as the educational outcomes of black students improved dramatically. Then, for reasons that previous researchers have been unable to explain, this progress stopped.

 

Cato: Who Pays for Public Employee Health Costs?

The cost of health care for state and local government employees is increasing rapidly, as it is for workers across the economy. Since state and local governments are large employers — one in seven people work for state and local governments — these cost increases are materially important. Estimates suggest that state and local governments spent $70 billion on health insurance in 2001 (in 2012 dollars), and $117 billion in 2010.

 
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What Works Best and When: Accounting for Multiple Sources of Pureselection Bias in Program Evaluations

Jul 24, 2014 01:00 PM

Most evaluations are still quasi-experimental and most recent quasi-experimental methodological research has focused on various types of propensity score matching to minimize conventional selection bias on observables. Although these methods create better-matched treatment and comparison groups on observables, the issue of selection on unobservables still looms large.

 

If correlation doesn’t imply causation, then what does?

Jul 23, 2014 05:00 PM

It is a commonplace of scientific discussion that correlation does not imply causation. Business Week recently ran an spoof article pointing out some amusing examples of the dangers of inferring causation from correlation. For example, the article points out that Facebook’s growth has been strongly correlated with the yield on Greek government bonds...

 

Tackling the Tough Challenges to Advancing Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Jul 23, 2014 03:00 PM

D5′s 2014 State of the Work highlights new tools and resources, recently completed research, and new organizational approaches that can help foundations and philanthropic organizations take action, achieve their goals regarding DEI, and advance the common good. The 2014 State of the Work also features perspectives and analysis of three thought leaders on DEI issues and their charge to their peers in philanthropy.

 
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The Football Name Debate: Are We Missing the Point?

Jul 23, 2014 02:00 PM

“The debate is over about the R-word; it’s now about whether if it’s proper to have a football team in this country carry on using a defined slur.” That was the closing statement by Jacqueline Pata, the Executive Director of the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI). Her comment capped off a forum at the Center for American Progress, "Missing the Point: The Real Impact of Native Mascots and Team Names on American Indian and Alaska Native Youth."

 

Community colleges expanding disclosure on graduation rates and other outcomes

Jul 23, 2014 01:15 PM

Dozens of community college leaders, dissatisfied with how the federal government measures graduation rates at their schools, have signed up for an alternative reporting system that provides more information about student outcomes.

 
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Join Us in DC for a Student Happy Hour in August

Jul 21, 2014 03:30 PM

Classes will soon be back in session and there is no better time to get to know and network with other policy students in the DC area! Policy students of all levels are invited to join APPAM for cocktails and hors d’oeuvres on August 26, 2014 at The University Club for a student happy hour.

 

The Ultimate, Definitive Guide to the Budget Deficit

Jul 21, 2014 01:00 PM

The Congressional Budget Office on Tuesday released its latest projections on the long-term budget deficit, provoking the usual warnings about impending fiscal crisis. But just how big a problem is the deficit right now? What should we really do to reduce it—and when? The New Republic asked Brookings senior fellow and APPAM past president Henry Aaron for the following guide to the federal budget deficit for its "QEDecide" series.

 
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Is Student Debt Hindering Homeownership?

Jul 18, 2014 03:00 PM

Since 2004, student loan debt has tripled to $1.1 trillion, surpassing both outstanding auto and credit card debt. Many have sought to connect the dots between the rise in student debt and the five percent decline in homeownership, but research presented this week at the Urban Institute raises questions about the evidence.

 

CMS RMADA IDIQ Awarded to IMPAQ International

IMPAQ International is pleased to announce that it has been awarded the Research, Measurement, Assessment, Design and Analysis (RMADA) indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

 
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Tax Code Knowledge and Behavioral Responses Among EITC Recipients: Policy Insights from Qualitative Data

Jul 17, 2014 01:00 PM

Authors Katharine Edin, Laura Tach, and Sarah Halpern-Meeking build on the robust quantitative literature on behavioral responses to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) by using in-depth qualitative interviews with 115 EITC recipients to examine how they understand and respond to its incentive structures regarding earnings, marriage, and childbearing. They found that respondents cannot predict how their EITC refund would change if they altered their labor supply or marital status.

 
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Registration Now Open for 2014 Fall Research Conference

Jul 15, 2014 01:00 PM

The APPAM Fall Research Conference is a multi-disciplinary annual research conference that attracts the highest quality research on a wide variety of important current and emerging policy and management issues. The conference is comprised of panels, roundtables, workshops, symposia, and poster presentations and is designed to encourage substantive interaction among participants.

 
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Short-Time Compensation as a Tool to Mitigate Job Loss?

Jul 14, 2014 01:00 PM

authors Katharine G. Abraham, University of Maryland, and Susan N. Houseman, Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, present new evidence indicating that jobs saved during the recession as a consequence of short-time compensation program could have been significant in manufacturing, but that the overall scale of the STC was generally too small to have substantially mitigated aggregate job losses in the 17 states.

 
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Student Age and the Collegiate Pathway

Jul 11, 2014 01:00 PM

Michael Hurwitz, Jonathan Smith, and Jessica S. Howell use a rich data set of all SAT takers from 2004 - 2008 to investigate the impact of state-specific school laws on students' pathways into and through college. The authors found that relatively younger students are more likely to attend two-year colleges before attending a four-year institution, among other discoveries in this Early View article from an upcoming issue of JPAM.

 
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Counterpoint: Response to Dr. Cawley

Jul 10, 2014 02:00 PM

A few weeks ago, we presented both sides of a discussion of the Affordable Care Act, where premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. Professor John Cawley followed up last week with his counterpoint to Morgan Downey's position paper. In this final counterpoint, Downey, Editor and Publisher of the Downey Obesity Report, presents his counter to Cawley's initial positional paper.

 

Latest 'Indicators of School Crime and Safety' Report Provides New Insight Into Postsecondary Campus Crime

Jul 09, 2014 01:30 PM

American Institutes for Research (AIR) experts played a major role in producing Indicators of School Crime and Safety 2013, which was released today by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The annual report presents the most current data on crime and safety at schools and on college campuses from the perspectives of students, teachers, principals and postsecondary institutions.

 
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Writing Research: Delivering Your Introduction

Jul 09, 2014 01:00 PM

Style and format of research papers vary from subject to subject and journal to journal. While how you write your paper depends on the publication and reader you are addressing, the basic structure of the paper remains constant no matter the subject or discipline. The next critical step is a properly crafted Introduction. Many readers and editors don’t get past this section, so it’s where your best written work needs to be presented.

 

IWPR: As Foreign-Born Worker Population Grows, Many Lack Paid Sick Days

Jul 08, 2014 02:00 PM

Research demonstrates that low-wage workers and people of color are least likely to have access to paid sick days.This brief builds on previous research to provide an analysis of immigrant access to sick days using data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

 

Initiative will fund climate-resilience efforts that reflect needs, interests of low-income people

Jul 07, 2014 06:00 PM

Kresge’s Environment Program is launching an initiative to assist community-based nonprofits positioned to help influence local and regional climate-resilience planning, and related policy development and implementation.

 

Shared Vision, Strong Systems: The Alliance for Quality Career Pathways Framework Version 1.0

Jul 07, 2014 03:30 PM

The Alliance’s goal is to help state and local/regional partnerships strengthen their career pathway systems. In 2012, CLASP invited ten leading career pathway states—Arkansas, California, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Oregon, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin— and their local/regional partners to join Phase I of the Alliance (2012-2014).

 

Measuring, Addressing Student Behaviors Help Raise Completion Rates

Jul 07, 2014 02:00 PM

Community colleges have been at center stage in higher education’s movement to increase retention and graduation rates for students, especially among minority populations. Never in the history of these institutions have so many stakeholders agreed to this common goal. Never have so many foundations contributed so many funds to support the goal, and never has there been so much research to help colleges reach the goal.

 
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Income and Child Maltreatment: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit

Jul 07, 2014 01:00 PM

In this paper by by Lawrence M. Berger, Sarah A. Font, and Kristen S. Slack, University of Wisconsin–Madison; Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, the authors take advantage of differences between states and over time in the generosity of the total state and federal Earned Income Tax Credit to identify exogenous variation in family income.

 

Health economics conference looks at future of the Affordable Care Act

Jul 03, 2014 02:08 PM

The USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics hosted the fifth biennial conference of the American Society of Health Economists (ASHEcon), bringing 800 health economists from across the country to USC for a comprehensive discussion of issues, including the future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), innovative models in payment reform and how to use behavioral economics to alter patient and provider behavior.

 
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Counterpoint: Incentives for Wellness

Jul 03, 2014 02:00 PM

Last week, we presented both sides of a discussion of the Affordable Care Act, where premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. This week, we present Professor John Cawley's counterpoint to Morgan Downey's paper, "The Doctor Is in Charge: How the ACA Puts the Employee's Physician in Charge of the Wellness Program." Next week will feature Downey's rebuttal to Cawley's initial paper.

 

Theory of change for the Study of EHS-Child Care Partnerships

Jul 03, 2014 01:00 PM

The Study of Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships defines partnerships as formal arrangements between Early Head Start programs and community child care providers to provide services to eligible families with infants and toddlers. Services provided in child care settings should comply with the Head Start Program Performance Standards (HSPPS). Partnership services are usually funded through a combination of Early Head Start grant funds and child care subsidies.

 

A Closer Look at Simplifying Financial Aid Applications

Jul 02, 2014 06:00 PM

APPAM's Susan Dynarski, along with Mark Wiederspan, discuss in the New York Times taking a closer look at simplifying the financial aid process.

 
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Fall Conference Notices Being Sent Today

Jul 02, 2014 05:00 PM

Notices are going out today if you submitted a paper, panel, or other event for consideration to this year's Fall Research Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Registration for the conference opens on Monday, July 14.

 

Social Media Use in Health Policy Research

Jul 02, 2014 03:00 PM

Health policy researchers shy away from using social media to share findings with policy-makers, according to a study published online by Health Affairs. Only 14 percent of the 215 researchers surveyed reported tweeting, and 21 percent reported blogging about their research or related health policy in the past year.

 

New Book Investigates Gender Gap in GCC Education

Jul 02, 2014 01:21 PM

When Dr. Natasha Ridge arrived in Ras Al Khaimah as a teacher in 2001, she was not prepared for the struggle that she witnessed in her classroom. Among Western educators, conventional wisdom maintained that girls were at a disadvantage to boys in school settings, yet in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), boys were falling behind their female counterparts at alarming rates. The implications of this phenomenon are significant.

 

New Research Points to Gaps in Student-Loan Counseling

Jun 30, 2014 04:00 PM

Each year a larger share of new graduates leave four-year colleges with student-loan debt, and the average balance of those who borrowed is higher, too. Student-loan default rates are on the rise. With those trends in motion, questions of how well students understand their debt have taken on new urgency.​

 

Does a Wife Shortage in China Mean More Crime Too?

Jun 30, 2014 02:33 PM

The authors of a new study look at the excess of single men due to the marriage market and gender imbalance in China as a cause of an increase in crime.

 
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The Role of Intergovernmental Aid in Defining Fiscal Sustainability at the Sub-National Level

Jun 30, 2014 02:00 PM

There are at least three reasons why fiscal sustainability matters in this context. First, the notion of local governments entering bankruptcy proceeds is no longer a theoretical notion. Second, previous formal sustainability analysis has primarily focused on the aggregate primary balance and debt, with little disaggregation. Finally, there is a need to examine if city and county governments are fiscally sustainable if there is no intergovernmental aid from the state or federal governments.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Obesity and the Affordable Care Act

In the design of public policies, a basic issue often arises regarding the role of incentives versus other barriers in shaping behavior. Under the Affordable Care Act, premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. How the incentives may be designed under the Affordable Care Act, their appropriateness, and the likely impact is the focus of this Point/Counterpoint.

 
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Configuring Legitimacy: A Framework for Legitimation in Armed Conflict

Jun 24, 2014 01:00 PM

In this paper, first presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC, University of Arizona authors Eric Schoon, Alexandra Joosse, and H. Brinton Milward address two critical problems in the study of legitimacy by developing a framework for evaluating variations in the effects of legitimation as the product of different configurations of sources, forms, and bases for the legitimation of actors involved in conflict.

 
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Ten Commandments for Policy Economists

Jun 19, 2014 01:30 PM

This week, APPAM goes back 33 years to the inaugural issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. This article by Christopher K. Leman and Robert H. Nelson examines the use of economics in government as illustrated by the experience of the natural resources agencies and presents ten guiding rules for the practicing policy economist.

 

Cato: Fiscal Uncertainty and Economic Activity

Jun 19, 2014 01:16 PM

Over the past six years, policymakers and business leaders alike have seen the U.S. economy buffeted by larger-than-usual uncertainty about fiscal policy. As illustrated by a number of prolonged struggles at all levels of government in recent years, there is little consensus among policymakers about the fiscal mix and timing going forward. Will government spending rise or fall? Will taxes rise or fall? Which ones? And when will it happen?

 

Brookings: Frustrated Achievers, Protests, and Unhappiness in 3 Charts

Jun 18, 2014 03:00 PM

For years, Brookings' research on happiness has been finding progress paradoxes in the globalization process and have been tracking cohorts of “frustrated achievers” across a wide range of countries, especially in Latin America.

 

Cutting the Poor Out of Welfare

Jun 18, 2014 02:51 PM

Over the past three decades, Congress has conducted a major experiment in anti-poverty policy. Legislators have restructured benefits and tax breaks intended for the poor so that they penalize unmarried, unemployed parents — the modern day version of the “undeserving poor.” At the same time, working parents, the aged and the disabled are getting larger benefits.

 
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General Education and Public Policy Students

Jun 18, 2014 01:00 PM

The tension between theory and practice is nothing new for the field of public policy. Resolving the pull between theory and practice has been central in the development of the field of public policy and administration. As far back as the late 19th century, Woodrow Wilson, the “father” of American public administration, struggled with this tension as he wrestled with questions regarding how America would govern itself as it grew as a nation.

 

Developmental Education Aligned to the Common Core State Standards: Insights and Illustrations

Jun 17, 2014 02:30 PM

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS), implemented in 44 states and the District of Columbia, are pegged to a set of college and career readiness standards, creating a potential opportunity to improve the alignment between the secondary and postsecondary sectors. In the current exploratory study, the authors draw on interview data to examine whether faculty and college leaders are considering or undertaking reforms of developmental education informed by the CCSS.

 

Mathematica: Limited Father Involvement: Which Families Are Most at Risk?

Jun 17, 2014 01:00 PM

Healthy marriage relationship skills education programs serving unmarried parents aim to help these couples improve their relationships, with the ultimate aim of supporting family stability and promoting child well-being. A central goal of these programs is to promote fathers’ sustained, active engagement in their children’s lives.

 

Simplifying Complexity in the Student Experience

Jun 16, 2014 02:10 PM

This practitioner packet, based on work CCRC conducted at and with Macomb Community College, is designed to help colleges identify areas where students struggle due to excessive complexity in the academic decision-making process, and to devise and implement relatively low-cost solutions that can improve the student experience.

 
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How Does the Form and Structure of Collaborative Management Relate to Environmental Outcomes?

Jun 16, 2014 01:00 PM

The relationship between the EPA's National Rivers and Streams Assessment and Wadeable Streams Assessment is analyzed between collaborative governance and watershed quality for 357 watersheds.

 
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Recent COPAFS Meeting Discusses Use of Administrative Data

The Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics (COPAFS) recently held its quarterly meeting in Washington, DC. The theme was the availability and use of administrative data for statistical and research purposes.

 

A Pivotal Moment for the Fight to End Veteran Homelessness

Jun 12, 2014 03:00 PM

This week, the 100,000 Homes Campaign announced it had reached its goal of helping U.S. communities find permanent housing for 100,000 homeless Americans in just four years. That number includes more than 30,000 veterans, many of whom had previously been homeless for decades. Veteran homelessness has been dropping precipitously in recent years, and the fight to eliminate it now faces a pivotal moment.​

 
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Recent Trends in U.S. Income and Expenditure Poverty

Jun 12, 2014 02:00 PM

After many years of following similar trends, U.S. poverty rates measured by household spending in data from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) fell between 2000 and 2008, while poverty measured by income rose.

 

AIR: Measuring the Economic Success of College Graduates

Jun 12, 2014 01:00 PM

Calculating how much recent graduates earn after completing their degree is one way for policymakers to assess the return on state and federal investments in higher education. It’s also an important consideration for students and families, who want at least some assurance that the burden of student loan debt taken on today will be offset by higher earnings in the future.

 

MDRC: The Implementation and Effectiveness of a One-on-One Tutoring Program Delivered by Community Volunteers

Jun 11, 2014 06:00 PM

Competence and confidence in reading constitute the foundation for all educational achievement. Students who struggle with reading inevitably struggle with all academic course work, and those who begin school behind their peers rarely catch up without significant intervention.

 

More than half of American households make sacrifices to afford housing

Jun 10, 2014 01:00 PM

In the past three years, over half of American households had to make a “major sacrifice” to afford their rent or mortgage. The MacArthur survey measures how Americans are faring in the wake of the housing crisis and how their opinions about renting and owning have changed.

 
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Household Responses to Food Subsidies: Evidence from India

Jun 09, 2014 02:00 PM

This week's featured paper from our Online Resource Collection is by Tara Kaul, University of Maryland. This paper uses household survey data to examine the effect of food subsidies on the nutritional outcomes of poor households in India. The national food security program, known as the Public Distribution System (PDS), takes the form of a monthly quota of cereals (rice and/or wheat) available for purchase at substantially discounted prices.

 

What Corrupt States Spend Their Money On

Jun 09, 2014 01:30 PM

A study finds that more corrupt states spend more money on construction, highways and police protections and less on health, education and other public services.

 

How Do Health Policy Researchers Use Social Media?

Jun 06, 2014 02:43 PM

As the United States moves forward with health reform, conveying complex information to the public becomes increasingly important. Social media represent an expanding opportunity for health policy researchers to communicate with the public and policy makers – but its use among these researchers appears to be low, according to a new study released today as a Web First by Health Affairs.

 
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Junk Food in Schools and Childhood Obesity

Jun 05, 2014 01:00 PM

Despite limited empirical evidence, there is growing concern that junk food availability in schools has contributed to the childhood obesity epidemic. In this Spring 2012 JPAM paper, Ashlesha Datar and Nancy Nicosia estimate the effects of junk food availability on body mass index (BMI), obesity, and related outcomes among a national sample of fifth graders.

 
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Why Policy Schools Really Matter

If you are a professor (which I am) or student (which I was) at a public policy school, you like to tell yourself that your work, in some small way, bridges academia and the world by offering an analytic approach to solving real-world problems. An op-ed by Donald Moynihan, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

 

Internationally Recognized Scholar Daniel Diermeier Named Dean of Chicago Harris

Jun 03, 2014 01:00 PM

Daniel Diermeier, an internationally recognized scholar in political institutions, formal political theory, and the interaction of business and politics, as well as an expert in crisis and reputation management, has been appointed the next dean of the Harris School of Public Policy Studies.

 

Confessions of an Assessment Field-Tester

Jun 02, 2014 03:00 PM

In a country where many millions of kids never reach proficiency in math and reading by 12th grade, and as many as 60 percent of the lucky ones who do get to college are forced to take remedial classes, raising standards seemed—and seems—prudent.

 
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Is Student Loan Debt Discouraging Home Buying Among Young Adults

Jun 02, 2014 02:00 PM

Amid concern that high levels of consumer debt may be slowing the housing market recovery, many media outlets and financial experts have suggested that rising student loan debt is discouraging home-buying among young adults.

 
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False Choices, Policy Framing, and the Promise of "Big Data"

May 29, 2014 03:00 PM

This week, APPAM looks back at Paul Decker's Presidential Address from the 2013 Fall Research Conference. His talk addresses the use of evidence in policymaking and public management—which are sometimes seen as separate. Decker, now Past-President of the Association, views them as strongly connected from the perspective of APPAM, and sees them as critical elements of the path forward for the organization.​

 
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Spotlight: University of Oregon

May 28, 2014 05:00 PM

The University of Oregon MPA is based in beautiful Eugene, Oregon. Eugene is a lush, green town at the nexus of the Willamette and McKenzie Rivers. MPA students actually start the program by getting to know each other and the faculty at a two day welcome retreat located in the foothills of the Cascade Mountains. (It’s also home to some of the best craft breweries in the U.S.) The intentionally small program embodies Eugene’s sense of community and closeness with the environment.

 

OPRE: Secondary Analyses of Strengthening Families Datasets

May 28, 2014 12:31 PM

The Office of Planning Research and Evaluation (OPRE) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) plan to solicit applications for Secondary Analysis of Strengthening Families Data grants. The cooperative agreements will fund research to conduct secondary data analysis of the Building Strong Families (BSF), Supporting Healthy Marriage (SHM), and Community Healthy Marriage Initiative (CHMI) datasets.

 
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Nominations Now Being Taken for Various 2014 Awards

May 27, 2014 01:30 PM

Nominations are now being taken for several awards, to be given out at the 2014 Fall Research Conference in November in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 
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The Art and Science of Scholarly Publishing

May 27, 2014 01:00 PM

JPAM Editor Maureen Pirog shares some key principles to keep in mind when pursuing publication of scholarly work. Over the years as editor, she has designed a top 10 list of things that prospective authors should and should not do if they want to publish their work. It is meant to be constructive, and hopefully, it will be useful for some people.

 
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Improving the Implementation and Effectiveness of Out-of-School-Time Tutoring

May 22, 2014 02:00 PM

School districts are spending millions on tutoring outside regular school day hours for economically and academically disadvantaged students in need of extra academic assistance. Under No Child Left Behind (NCLB), parents of children in persistently low-performing schools were allowed to choose their child's tutoring provider, and together with school districts, they were also primarily responsible for holding providers in the private market accountable for performance.

 

IMPAQ Receives James W. Rouse Diversity Award

May 20, 2014 05:30 PM

IMPAQ International, a public policy research and evaluation firm, is proud to be have been awarded the 2014 James W. Rouse Diversity Award from the Chesapeake Human Resources Association (CHRA). The James W. Rouse Diversity Award honors the innovative strategies that businesses have developed and implemented to advance the concept and spirit of diversity. The award is given to the organization that demonstrates the very best diversity initiatives.

 

Westat to Conduct Cognitive Testing for the American Community Survey

May 20, 2014 02:00 PM

Westat will conduct cognitive testing on updated questions for the American Community Survey and Puerto Rico Community Survey. Both surveys are conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The data these surveys provide give communities the current information they need to plan investments and services.

 
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Going Beyond Service Delivery: Exploring the Prevalence of Citizen Participation in Government Contracting

May 19, 2014 02:00 PM

Presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference, "Going Beyond Service Delivery" investigates the nature, scope, causes, and implications of citizen participation in government contracting. Authors Anna A. Amirkhanyan, Hyun Joon Kim, and Kristina T. Lambright use 33 in-depth interviews with county government contract monitoring officers, as well as managers of nonprofit and for-profit organizations to focus on government contracts in the field of health and human services.

 
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From the Director: Four Years Later, APPAM Continues to Grow

May 16, 2014 05:07 PM

APPAM's Executive Director recently celebrated her fourth year at the Association's helm. Take a look back over the last four years at all the great changes within the organization.

 
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Choice in a World of New School Types

May 15, 2014 05:00 PM

As school choice options have evolved over recent years, it is important to understand what family and school factors are associated with the enrollment decisions families make. Families do not choose a charter school because of its racial or ethnic composition, nor do race and ethnicity within a household influence its choice of charter schools.

 

Engaging With Policymakers: Why Scientists and Engineers Hold Back

May 14, 2014 02:00 PM

Roughly 90% of researchers in a recent survey said scientists and policymakers don't communicate enough. But, only about 60% said they were sure of the names of their elected federal representatives. Experts probed this paradox at the AAAS Forum on Science & Technology Policy.

 

Cato: Donating the Voucher

May 14, 2014 01:00 PM

In the United States, parents send about 10 percent of elementary and secondary school-age children to private schools, which through their accreditation meet the requirement that students receive an adequate education.

 
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The Effect of SNAP on Poverty

May 12, 2014 02:00 PM

The annual effects of SNAP on poverty itself were first estimated in the late 1970s and then regularly after the Census Bureau began to record recipients and amounts of food stamps in 1979. In The Effect of SNAP on Poverty by Laura Tiehen, USDA; Dean Jolliffe, World Bank; and Timothy Smeeding, University of Wisconsin, the authors examine SNAP's effectiveness as an antipoverty weapon.

 

IMPAQ Number 13 on Baltimore Business Journal’s “THE LIST”

May 09, 2014 01:34 PM

The Baltimore Business Journal recently released the list of the Largest Defense and Federal Contractors Based in Greater Baltimore area On Friday March 28, 2014. On the list, IMPAQ International ranked as the 13th largest Baltimore area contractor. Rankings are determined by the amount of federal contracts awarded in Maryland in 2013, based on data from USASpending.gov.

 
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Does Universal Coverage Improve Health? The Massachusetts Experience

May 08, 2014 03:00 PM

In 2006, Massachusetts passed health care reform legislation designed to achieve nearly universal coverage through a combination of insurance market reforms, mandates, and subsidies that later served as the model for national reform. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we provide evidence that health care reform in Massachusetts led to better overall self-assessed health. Various robustness checks and placebo tests support a causal interpretation of the results.

 

MDRC: Designing Innovative Solutions for Programs Supported by the Administration for Children and Families

May 08, 2014 01:00 PM

The Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) project is the first major opportunity to use a behavioral economics lens to look at programs that serve poor and vulnerable people in the United States. The BIAS project aims to learn how tools from behavioral economics can improve the well-being of individuals and families served by programs that ACF supports.

 
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Old Assumptions, New Realities

May 07, 2014 05:00 PM

The way Americans live and work has changed significantly since the creation of the Social Security Administration in 1935, but U.S. social welfare policy has failed to keep up with these changes. The model of the male breadwinner-led nuclear family has given way to diverse and often complex family structures, more women in the workplace, and nontraditional job arrangements.

 

Urban Institute: Tax Subsidies for Health and Housing Top $600 Billion

May 06, 2014 01:00 PM

Tax expenditures will cost more than $1.4 trillion in fiscal year 2014. Those that support health and housing policies account for more than 40 percent of this number, or about $640 billion. These figures and their accompanying table are calculations derived from the tax expenditure estimates in the Treasury's Analytical Perspectives for the president's fiscal year 2015 budget.

 
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On the Unintended Consequences of Anti-drug Eradication Programs in Producing Countries

May 05, 2014 01:29 PM

While the war against drugs has consumed approximately 40 billion dollars per year in the last four decades, there is very limited evidence on its effectiveness. This paper studies the effects of the biggest anti-drug program ever applied in a drug-producing country.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Legalization of Marijuana

May 01, 2014 01:34 PM

Longstanding arguments exist for legalization and regulation of the growth and possession of marijuana. States are taking the lead, again serving as engines of innovation on this policy issue. Some states have decriminalized the possession of small amounts of marijuana, while others have allowed for the production and use of medical marijuana. Two states, Colorado and Washington, have additionally legalized recreational use.

 
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Reservation Prices: An Economic Analysis of Cigarette Purchases on Indian Reservations

Apr 29, 2014 01:00 PM

Philip DeCicca, McMaster University; Donald Kenkel, Cornell University; and Feng Liu, Shanghai University presented their paper "Reservation Prices: An Economic Analysis of Cigarette Purchases on Indian Reservations" at the 2013 Fall Research Conference during the session New Evidence of the Policy Impacts on Health Behaviors. It is this week's featured paper from APPAM's Online Paper Collection.​

 
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Spotlight: University of Colorado Denver

Apr 28, 2014 01:00 PM

The motto of the School of Public Affairs is “Lead. Solve. Change.” It simply and powerfully expresses the vision of providing excellent student programs, valuable research and important service to Colorado and beyond. CU Denver's mission is to train the leaders for Colorado’s future, and to utilize its faculty research and the applied research and leadership programs the Buechner Institute for Governance to help solve problems.

 
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High School Exit Exams and Dropout in an Era of Increased Accountability

Apr 24, 2014 03:00 PM

Authors Steven W. Hemelt and Dave E. Marcotte look at a key form of student-level accountability in the requirement for students to pass high school exit exams (HSEEs) in order to receive a diploma. Their paper, "High School Exit Exams and Dropout in an Era of Increased Accountability," published in the Spring 2013 issue of JPAM, examine the impact of HSEEs on dropout during a period when these exams became more common and rigorous.

 
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Fighting for Reliable Evidence

Apr 22, 2014 02:00 PM

Random assignment experimentation, once used primarily in medical clinical trials, is now an accepted method among social scientists across a broad range of disciplines. The technique is used to evaluate a variety of programs from microfinance and welfare reform to housing vouchers and teaching methods. So how did randomized experiments move beyond the realm of medicine and into the social sciences? Can these methods be used effectively to evaluate complex social problems and programs?

 
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Join APPAM and Abt for a Special Forum on Experimental Design and Analysis

Apr 21, 2014 03:00 PM

On Thursday, April 24, APPAM and Abt Associates is hosting a day-long Institutional Member Forum at the University Club in downtown Washington, DC. "Social Experiments in Practice: The Why, When, Where, and How of Experimental Design and Analysis" will explore how recent methodological advances can address real-world realities in the United States and abroad.

 
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Opportunity Mapping: A Conceptual Analysis and Application to the Baltimore Metropolitan Area

Apr 21, 2014 02:00 PM

With encouragement and assistance from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, many local governments and metropolitan coalitions are mapping opportunity to inform the development of regional sustainable communities plans. In this week's Online Paper Collection featured work, the authors examine the notion that the neighborhood in which a person lives shapes their social and economic opportunities is not new, but how opportunity is to be measured.

 
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Family Business or Social Problem? The Cost of Unreported Domestic Violence

In "Family Business or Social Problem? The Cost of Unreported Domestic Violence," authors Scott E. Carrell and Mark Hoekstra find that although children exposed to as-yet-unreported domestic violence reduce the achievement of their classroom peers, these costs disappear completely once the parent reports the violence to the court.

 
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A Student's Look at the 2014 Spring Conference

Apr 17, 2014 01:01 PM

Rutgers University student Becky Kelleman attended APPAM's Spring Conference on April 12 and offers her impressions of the sessions she attended.

 

Mathematica Names Director of Data Analytics, Creates New Data Management and Analytics Department

Apr 14, 2014 03:00 PM

Mathematica has appointed vice president Myles Maxfield to lead its data analytics portfolio. Solutions to challenging public policy problems involve multiple disciplines, experiences, and perspectives, and Maxfield is well versed in health care, employment and training, nutrition, and education data and analysis. He also has been instrumental in guiding the company's health work in program integrity, Medicaid analytics, and reporting analytics for the health insurance exchanges.

 
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The Role of Contraception in Preventing Abortion, Nonmarital Childbearing, and Child Poverty

Apr 14, 2014 02:00 PM

This week's featured paper from our Online Paper Collection is by Quentin Karpilow, Brookings Institution; Jennifer Manlove, Child Trends; Isabel Sawhill, Brookings Institution; and Adam Thomas, Georgetown University. "The Role of Contraception in Preventing Abortion, Nonmarital Childbearing, and Child Poverty" was presented at the session Strategies for Preventing Teen Pregnancy at the 2013 Fall Research Conference.

 

Brookings: Student Loan Safety Nets

Apr 14, 2014 01:30 PM

The plight of underemployed college graduates struggling to make their student loan payments has received a great deal of media attention throughout the recent economic recession. The primary safety net available to borrowers of federal loans facing unaffordable monthly payments is income-based repayment, in which borrowers make monthly payments based on their earnings rather than a traditional schedule of flat payments.

 

Immigrants in New York City Bolster Housing Values

Apr 11, 2014 02:16 PM

Immigrants have helped stabilize New York City housing values over the past two decades and at the same time boosted property in once-troubled neighborhoods. The report—sponsored by the Americas Society/Council of the Americas—credits immigrants with easing housing affordability by revitalizing areas such as Canarsie in Brooklyn and Morrisania in the Bronx that were in decline in the 1990s.

 
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Deadline for Submissions to 2014 Fall Conference Extended to April 18

Apr 11, 2014 01:00 PM

Have you submitted a proposal for the 2014 Fall Research Conference yet? Great news! The submission deadline has been extended to next Friday, April 18 for all proposals: caucuses, panels, individual papers, roundtables, workshops, and posters.

 
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Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures?

Apr 10, 2014 04:00 PM

In this week's featured JPAM article, authors Mark Duggan and Tamara Hayford examine whether the shift from fee-for-service into managed care leads to an increase or reduction in Medicaid spending. "Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures? Evidence from State and Local-Level Mandates" was published in the Summer 2013 issue of JPAM.

 
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What Drives Your Research?

Apr 10, 2014 01:00 PM

As we are closing in on APPAM’s deadline for abstract submission, take a moment to reflect on what motivates you to go the extra mile in your research. It’s my experience that it usually takes an extra mile, and probably two, to bring that abstract, presentation, or paper to completion. In those moments, when perhaps the last thing you want to do is revisit a particular piece of research, what pushes you to go ahead and try to make it even better?

 

Veterans Affairs Official Joining Duke Faculty

Apr 10, 2014 12:30 PM

Tommy Sowers, assistant secretary for public and intergovernmental affairs at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, will join the faculty of Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy this summer. Sowers has received a one-year appointment as a visiting assistant professor of the practice and assistant director of the school’s Hart Leadership Program.

 

McCourt School Expands International and Executive Education Opportunities

Apr 09, 2014 05:00 PM

In an effort to reach mid-career and internationally-focused students, the McCourt School of Public Policy will soon offer two new study abroad opportunities and two new executive education opportunities.​

 
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Why Are So Many Americans in Prison?

Apr 09, 2014 03:00 PM

Between 1975 and 2007, the American incarceration rate increased nearly fivefold, a historic increase that puts the United States in a league of its own among advanced economies. The United States incarcerates more people today and stands out as the nation that most frequently uses incarceration to punish those who break the law. What factors explain the dramatic rise in incarceration rates in such a short period of time?

 

Georgetown Forum on Veteran Reintegration

Apr 09, 2014 01:32 PM

The Center for Public and Nonprofit Leadership at the Georgetown University McCourt School of Public Policy recently hosted their 2014 Public Issue Forum focused on veteran reintegration at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial at Arlington Cemetery.

 

Brookings: Politics at the Expense of Policy

Apr 08, 2014 02:30 PM

There has been an exodus of expertise from Capitol Hill and its consequences heighten Congressional dysfunction. The principal reason for Congress’ decline in expertise in recent decades is the erosion of the committee system as the powers of party leaders were increased. It began in 1975 with the dismantlement of the seniority system for choosing committee chairmen and their consequent subordination to the Democratic caucus and leadership.

 
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APPAM to Sponsor Sessions at 11th Annual WEAI Conference

Apr 08, 2014 02:30 PM

APPAM is sponsoring several conference sessions at next year’s Western Economic Association International’s (WEAI) Pacific Rim Conference. Maureen Pirog, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, is requesting papers from APPAM members and will be organizing the sessions. The four-day conference will be held January 8 – 11, 2015, in Wellington, New Zealand and is hosted by Victoria University of Wellington and Massey University.

 
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Spring Conference Is Four Days Away

Apr 08, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM's Spring Conference is a few days away, just as spring makes a hearty debut in the Washington, DC area. The conference is this Saturday, April 12 at the University Club. Featured is a mix of panel sessions and roundtables for students, educators, and practitioners to choose from. Overall, APPAM is offering twelve great sessions over the course of the day; both breakfast and lunch are included with preregistration.

 

More to Do on NC Health Care Gap

Apr 07, 2014 06:16 PM

Let’s put our hands together for North Carolina. Among the 36 states that used the federal health care exchange, North Carolina came in third – with more than 200,000 residents enrolling in Obamacare as of last week’s deadline. Should we now kick off our boots, rest our legs and lean back until open enrollment rolls around again next November? Not quite.

 
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Changes in the Dynamics of Joint Participation in SNAP and UI Following the Great Recession

Apr 07, 2014 02:00 PM

This week's featured paper was originally presented in the session What Can Panel Data Tell Us About Participation in Federal Food Assistance Programs During the Great Recession? during the 2013 Fall Research Conference. This paper, by Alix Gould-Werth and H. Luke Shaefer, uses panel data from the national representative SIPP from years 2000-2011, to examine changes in the prevalence and character of joint participation in SNAP and UI among job losers during the Great Recession.

 
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Spillover Effects of Voluntary Environmental Programs on Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Lessons from Mexico

Featured in the Spring 2013 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Research, Irene Henriques, Bryan Husted, and Ivan Monteil compare the environmental performance of voluntary environmental programs with different attributes.

 

NYT: Tackling Mass Incarceration

Apr 03, 2014 01:36 PM

A New York Times story looks at a program in Massachusetts to reduce crime that Abt Associates is helping to evaluate.

 
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Improving Tax Credits for New Mothers and Reducing Marriage Penalties for Low-Income Americans

Apr 02, 2014 02:00 PM

Signed into law in 1975, the Earned Income Tax Credit was designed to offset regressive payroll taxes, supplement low wages, and reward hard work. The EITC has been strengthened several times by administrations on both sides of the political divide and is now considered one of the federal government’s largest and most effective anti-poverty programs. Currently, the EITC is the subject of many discussions on Capitol Hill.

 
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Writing Research: Clarify Your Abstract

Apr 01, 2014 01:00 PM

The abstract for your research paper is often the first contact a reader has with your total work. It needs to draw their attention while stating relevant conclusions, all to draw them into your work so you can share the more relevant details. Writing a good abstract is key to get your paper accepted for publications and presentations, and should receive as much care and attention as the rest of your paper and the data therein.

 
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Ethnic Concentration, Co-Ethnic Participation: Mexican-American Civic Participation and Destination Context

Mar 31, 2014 03:00 PM

Authored by Abigail Williams, Trinity College, and presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference, "Ethnic Concentration, Co-Ethnic Participation: Mexican-American Civic Participation and Destination Context" analyzes how immigrant civic participation varies with co-ethnic concentration for the largest immigrant ethnic group in the United States.

 
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Thomas D. Cook to Join Mathematica as a Senior Fellow

Mar 28, 2014 03:00 PM

Thomas D. Cook will join Mathematica Policy Research as a senior fellow in September 2014. Cook is a nationally recognized expert in research methodology and program evaluation. He will be based in the company's Washington, D.C., office.

 

U.S.–Mexico Drug Abuse Prevention Research Fellowship

Mar 28, 2014 02:00 PM

The NIDA US-Mexico Drug Abuse Prevention Research Fellowship provides a unique opportunity for Mexican researchers to obtain postdoctoral training with a NIDA-supported U.S. mentor. Prevention Research Fellows benefit from an intensive research training experience designed to enhance the fellows’ ability to conduct independent research upon return to Mexico. Applicants and their U.S. mentor may propose to conduct their research in any area of drug abuse prevention research.

 

Inadequate housing contributes to low health rankings

Mar 28, 2014 01:00 PM

Almost one out of five U.S. families live in housing with severe problems, such as overcrowding, insufficient cooking and bathing facilities or costs above 50% of family income, according to a new report measuring the nation's healthiest and least-healthy counties.

 
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The Effect of Mandatory Seat Belt Laws on Seat Belt Use by Socioeconomic Position

Mar 27, 2014 05:30 PM

In this paper, published in the Winter 2014 JPAM, the authors identified the differential effect of legislation across higher versus lower education individuals. They found strong effects of mandatory seat belt laws for all education groups, with a stronger effect for those with fewer years of education. Additionally, the authors found that the differential effect by education is larger for mandatory seat belt laws with primary rather than secondary enforcement.

 

Is There a Better Model for Housing Vouchers?

Mar 27, 2014 01:00 PM

A Baltimore program that requires participants to use their government rental aid in low-poverty, mostly white suburbs sheds light on how government can implement housing vouchers more effectively. This also highlights an upcoming JPAM paper by Stefanie DeLuca and Jennifer Darrah.

 

What happens when the government tries to help poor people move to better neighborhoods?

Mar 27, 2014 12:00 PM

For about 40 years now, since the beginning of the end of the era of the high-rise public housing project, government programs have been experimenting with a different idea to alleviate poverty: If we can’t easily change poor neighborhoods, let poor people move out of them instead. Give them vouchers to rent homes on the private market, theoretically outside of the ghetto. This article heavily references an upcoming JPAM paper by members DeLuca and Darrah.

 
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Legacies of the War on Poverty

Mar 26, 2014 06:00 PM

The War on Poverty was launched by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964. In 2010, the official poverty rate was 15 percent, about as high as when the war was first declared. Many accounts, both historical and contemporary, tend to portray the War on Poverty as a costly experiment that planted doubts about the ability of public policy to address complex social problems.

 
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Spotlight: Claremont Graduate University

Mar 26, 2014 02:00 PM

Nestled at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountain, about 35 miles east of downtown Los Angeles, Claremont is a small, charming, eight-college town known as ‘The City of Trees and Ph.D.s.’ Ranked as the fifth-best place to live in the United States by CNN Money, Claremont provides a lovely environment for those looking to continue their education.

 

New Interim Report Shows REDF’s Commitment to Making a Measurable Impact

Mar 25, 2014 02:00 PM

Working with Mathematica Policy Research, in 2011 REDF launched the Mathematica Jobs Study (MJS) to evaluate the social enterprise model and it social outcomes. Eight of REDF’s portfolio groups participated in MJS, including over 500 social enterprise employees. Today, MJS consists of 4 studies – Implementation, Outcomes, Quasi-Experimental Design, and Cost-Benefit Analysis – leveraging data to maximize our learning.

 
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Student Call for Action: Join Sarah Cordes' Volunteer Advisory Group

Mar 25, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM recognizes that the student membership represents the future of the organization and is very eager to get students more involved. If you attended the Fall Research Conference last year, you already know that APPAM made some great strides in this direction by hosting its first Pre-Doctoral Professional Development workshop, which provided current students with a valuable opportunity to learn about topics that will be important for our careers: the job market, publishing, and grant-writing.

 

Russell Sage Foundation Call for Articles

The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences is inviting paper submissions for its upcoming issue on higher education. The theme for this issue is the effectiveness of American higher education, a theme intended to be broad enough to include a variety of possible topics bearing on the current performance and future prospects of U.S. higher education institutions. Deadline is April 30, 2014.

 
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Incentives, Selection, and Teacher Performance: Evidence from IMPACT

Mar 24, 2014 01:00 PM

Teachers in the United States are compensated largely on the basis of fixed schedules that reward experience and credentials. However, there is a growing interest in whether performance-based incentives based on rigorous teacher evaluations can improve teacher retention and performance.

 

BlueJC: post-publication peer review for an international network

Mar 21, 2014 01:41 PM

BlueJC currently uses BJOG journal club resources to host an online journal club on the last Wednesday of every month, with the discussion open for a week. So far, all discussions have been held on Twitter, tracked with #BlueJC.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: China’s One-Child Policy

Mar 20, 2014 06:00 PM

China embarked on a national campaign of family planning in the 1970s after concerns regarding the carrying capacity of its national resources. By 1980, a policy that encouraged families to have only one child was in place along with contraceptive measures and penalties for noncompliance. Some aspects of these policies cut against the idea that reproductive choices should be made freely.

 

Rice study: Simple changes to homework improved student learning

Mar 20, 2014 01:00 PM

The study from Rice University and Duke University found that making a few changes to homework assignments in an upper-level undergraduate engineering course at Rice led to improved scores on exams. The study appears this week in the journal Educational Psychology Review.

 

Homeless schoolchildren numbers soar as federal funds decline

"What you're seeing on Long Island is what you're seeing throughout the country -- the number of homeless families has grown much faster than the shelters and resources that are available to them," said Barbara Sheffield, policy adviser for the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy group.

 

Should Congress Limit the Mortgage-Interest Deduction?

Mar 18, 2014 01:00 PM

Homeowners in the U.S. last year received a total of roughly $70 billion in federal tax breaks through the deduction. But discussions in Congress about a broad tax overhaul are heating up, and all sorts of tax deductions—including the mortgage-interest deduction—are being discussed by both parties.

 
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Social Capital and Environmental Justice: An Agent-Based Model

Mar 17, 2014 03:00 PM

Among several competing explanations for observed environmental injustices in society, this paper focuses on the hypothesis regarding communities' potentials to engage in collective actions against the siting of unwanted facilities. By assuming that residents have a propensity to mount political opposition to the siting of and environmental disamenity, we build an agent-based model using assumptions of the Coase theorem. The simulation outcomes under the four decision scenarios were unexpected

 
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Technical Management in an Age of Openness: The Political, Public, and Environmental Forest Ranger

Mar 13, 2014 03:00 PM

In this paper by Sarah E. Anderson, Heather E. Hodges, and Terry L. Anderson, published in the Summer 2013 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the authors look at the trade-offs in modern bureaucracy between public and congressional input and agency expertise.

 
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NSF Selects Professor Fay Lomax Cook as New Assistant Director of the SBE

Mar 13, 2014 03:00 PM

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has selected Fay Lomax Cook to serve as assistant director for the Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences (SBE). SBE's mission is to promote the understanding of people and their lives by supporting research that reveals basic facets of human behavior and helps provide answers to important societal questions and problems.

 

A Study Seeks to Determine What Makes Prekindergarten Successful

Mar 13, 2014 12:35 PM

As Mayor Bill de Blasio prepares to greatly expand New York City’s preschool offerings, much debate has focused on how the expansion should be paid for, and less on what actually constitutes an effective prekindergarten program — one that will, as the mayor says, shrink the achievement gap between children of different racial and economic backgrounds. The mayor often says that studies have found that prekindergarten can have long-term benefits for children.

 
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Strategic default: how big an issue?

Mar 12, 2014 04:00 PM

An interesting element of the Great Recession’s foreclosure crisis has been the increase in strategic default - when borrowers who can still make their monthly mortgage payments instead choose default and possible foreclosure. A popular explanation for this counterintuitive choice is that many homeowners whose mortgages are bigger than their home’s value simply “give up”. [Cross-posted from Urban Institute's MetroTrends Blog with permission.]

 
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Meet Sarah Cordes: APPAM Policy Council Student Representative

Mar 11, 2014 02:00 PM

This year, APPAM welcomes the first of two student representatives to the Association’s Policy Council. Sarah Cordes, a fourth-year doctoral student at the New York University Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, was selected in December 2013 by Paul T. Decker, then-President of APPAM, and Michael Shires, Chair of the Committee of Institutional Representatives.

 
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The Emergence of Civic Engagement Networks: Microprocesses and Macro Outcomes

Mar 10, 2014 06:00 PM

Written by Juliet Musso and Christopher Weare from the University of Southern California, this paper was presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference session "Citizen Engagement Tools and Processes." It is this week's featured paper in APPAM's Online Paper Collection under the Public and Nonprofit Management and Finance policy category.

 
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Social Experiments in Practice: The Why, When, Where, and How of Experimental Design & Analysis

Mar 07, 2014 06:00 PM

The federal government increasingly is looking for strategies to identify promising social programs for broad-scale rollout. Join Abt Associates and APPAM for a day-long Institutional Member Forum to explore social experiments in practice and how recent methodological advances can address real-world realities in the United States and abroad.

 

AEI: A social justice fight

Who owns the term "social justice," conservatives or liberals? Whatever your own politics, you probably said "liberals." After all, most progressive policies — raising the minimum wage, expanding entitlements, increasing taxes on the wealthy as outlined in President Obama's budget proposal this week — are framed as steps towards greater fairness and compassion.

 

Early College Model Once Again Demonstrates Value

Mar 07, 2014 02:08 PM

A recent study of the Impact of Early College by the American Institute for Research (AIR) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation demonstrated the consistently positive outcomes of Early College programs. The study by AIR stated confirmed that Early College high school programs have a positive impact on college enrollment and degree attainment. Further, the impact of an Early College high school on minority and first-generation of college-goers was even more substantial.

 
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Meet David S. Johnson, APPAM's Newest Vice President

Mar 06, 2014 04:00 PM

David S. Johnson, Chief of the U.S. Census Bureau's Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, was elected this past January as the Association's new junior Vice President. He takes a few moments to share about his ideas and vision for APPAM.

 

Cambio de Colores Conference Set for June 25-27

Mar 06, 2014 02:00 PM

Since 2002, the annual Cambio de Colores (Change of Colors) Conference has brought together researchers, practitioners, decision-makers, and community members to discuss the issues that Missouri, the Heartland, and other states face as a result of dramatic demographic changes. The U.S. Census clearly shows that large numbers of immigrants have been settling in rural and urban areas of many Heartland states.

 
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Strategic Involuntary Teacher Transfers and Teacher Performance: Examining Equity and Efficiency

Mar 05, 2014 02:00 PM

In the Winter 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, authors Jason A. Grissom, Susanna Loeb, and Nathaniel A. Nakashima examine the implementation and effects of a Miami school district's involuntary transfer policy for teachers. Despite claims that school districts need flexibility in teacher assignment to allocate teachers more equitably across schools and improve district performance, the power to involuntarily transfer teachers across schools remains hotly contested.

 

IOM: Workshop on Principles and Best Practices for Sharing Data from Environmental Health Research

Mar 04, 2014 03:34 PM

On March 19th 2014, the Roundtable will host a workshop entitled Principles and Best Practices for Sharing Data from Environmental Health Research. Environmental health experts agree that the question is not "if" research data should be shared, but "how." Transparency and accessibility of data derived from human subjects raise ethical, scientific, and process questions not necessarily salient in other areas of science, such as physics, geology, or chemistry.

 
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Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure

Mar 04, 2014 01:00 PM

"Waging War on Poverty: Historical Trends in Poverty Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure," by Liana Fox, Irv Garfinkel, Neeraj Kaushal, Jane Waldfogel, and Christopher Wimer, Columbia University, was presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference during the session "Understanding the Effects of Social Policy on Poverty." It is a featured paper in APPAM's Online Paper Collection.

 

NYU Wagner Partners with University College London

Mar 03, 2014 01:30 PM

NYU Wagner has recently partnered with University College London to offer an innovative, one-year joint MPA/Executive Program in Global Public Policy Management. Applications are being accepted currently for the launch of the Program in September, 2014.

 
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Minimum wage or earned income tax credit: Which helps the poor more?

Feb 28, 2014 03:00 PM

Currently, there are two mechanisms for increasing the wages of low-income Americans that have attracted attention in today’s political arena: the raising of the minimum wage to $10.10 and the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). This past Monday, AEI hosted a forum of experts who shared about the costs, benefits, and viability of these two primary solutions to assist low-income Americans.

 

In Their Own Words: Medicare Policymakers Predict Future Research and Data Needs

Feb 28, 2014 02:00 PM

A new AcademyHealth Translation and Dissemination Institute report offers a snapshot of the research and data gaps policymakers cite as critical to informing current Medicare policy, and offers practical advice for researchers seeking to more effectively communicate their findings.

 
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Meet Matthew Stagner, APPAM's New Secretary

Feb 27, 2014 03:00 PM

Matthew Stagner directs the human services research in Mathematica’s Chicago office. He is a nationally known expert on youth development and risk behaviors, child welfare, evaluation design and methods and the role of research in policymaking. His work focuses on policies and programs for vulnerable youth, such as those transitioning out of foster care or into employment and postsecondary education.​

 

Cornell Board Approves Lower Tuition for CIPA MPA Degree Program

Feb 27, 2014 02:00 PM

As part of the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs (CIPA) administrative transition into the College of Human Ecology (CHE), annual tuition for students enrolled in the Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree program will shift in fall 2014 from a Tier 1 to Tier 2 level, as approved by the Board of Trustees at its January meeting. For the 2014-15 academic year, this will shift MPA tuition down from $47,050 to $30,785 annually.

 
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Spotlight: Carnegie Mellon University

In the years since Heinz’s founding, it has broken the traditional boundaries in the domain of the public interest to deeply explore the impact of information technology on organizations, markets and societies. As an institution, Heinz has persistently explored ways in which its educational programs can be more relevant and effective in their curriculum, in their delivery models, and in their degree of connection to external partners.

 
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Spring Conference Agenda Is Now Available

Feb 26, 2014 04:05 PM

The preliminary schedule for the 2014 Spring Conference is now available and it is jam-packed with great sessions all day long. Featuring two plenaries, four roundtables, and six panels, this year's conference centers around teaching policy analysis and takes place at the University Club in downtown Washington, DC. Registration is open for the conference.

 

How Anti-Poverty Programs Marginalize Fathers

Feb 25, 2014 03:49 PM

Nearly 40 percent of unwed parents with low education levels share childrearing responsibilities with a co-residential boyfriend or girlfriend, according to a 2013 report from the United States Census Bureau. Oftentimes these couples share at least one biological child, but in 27 percent of relationships, either mom or dad is stepping in to raise children they didn’t conceive.

 
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Rebalancing Long-Term Care Services and Supports

Feb 24, 2014 04:00 PM

In 2009, approximately 1.3 million Medicaid enrollees with disabilities and chronic conditions received Medicaid-financed long-term care services and supports (LTSS) in institutional settings. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has been promoting efforts to reduce dependence on institutional care and expand access to home- and community-based services (HCBS).

 
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Breakfast at the Desk: The Impact of Universal Breakfast Programs on Academic Performance

Feb 24, 2014 02:30 PM

Between 12 and 30 percent of school-aged children reportedly skip breakfast on a given weekday. To mitigate any impacts on health and academic performance, many schools implement universally free breakfast programs for students.

 

Child Care Subsidy Spending, Participation Fall to New Lows

Feb 21, 2014 02:30 PM

New analysis from CLASP shows state spending on child care assistance, including funds from two federal programs—the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant—at a 10-year low and the number of children receiving CCDBG-funded assistance at a 14-year low. About 263,000 fewer children received child care assistance through CCDBG in 2012 than in 2006, according to newly released data from HHS.

 

Study Finds Greater Income Inequality in Nation’s Thriving Cities

Feb 20, 2014 03:30 PM

If you want to live in a more equal community, it might mean living in a more moribund economy. That is one of the implications of a new study of local income trends by the Brookings Institution, the Washington research group. It found that inequality is sharply higher in economically vibrant cities like New York and San Francisco than in less dynamic ones like Columbus, Ohio, and Wichita, Kansas.​

 

AERA: Conceptual and Methodological Problems in Research on College Undermatch

Feb 20, 2014 02:20 PM

Access to the nation’s most selective colleges remains starkly unequal, with students in the lowest income quartile constituting less than 4% of enrollment. A popular explanation for this phenomenon is that low-income students undermatch by attending less selective colleges when their credentials predict admission to more highly selective colleges.

 
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Meet Jane Waldfogel, APPAM's President-elect for 2014

At last year's Fall Research Conference, Jane Waldfogel was introduced as the Association's new President-elect for 2014. Waldfogel is a professor of social work and public affairs at Columbia University School of Social Work and a visiting professor at the Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion at the London School of Economics. She is currently overseeing the planning and development of the 2014 Fall Research Conference, taking place November 6-8 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 

IHEP Unveils Policy Priorities for Improving Access and Success in Higher Education

Feb 19, 2014 05:00 PM

The Institute for Higher Education Policy (IHEP), one of the nation’s most effective voices in championing access and success for all students in postsecondary education, announced today its new policy priorities, which are grounded in the organization’s rich history of leadership and service and are responsive to the needs of today’s students.

 
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APPAM Members Receive Free Registration to Middle East Dialogue 2014

Feb 19, 2014 02:32 PM

The Policy Studies Organization is inviting all APPAM members to attend the annual Middle East Dialogue 2014, held in Washington, DC on February 27. This year's forum focuses on Strategies for Change in the Middle East. The registration fee will be waived for active APPAM members.

 

CBO: The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income

Feb 19, 2014 01:45 PM

Increasing the minimum wage would have two principal effects on low-wage workers. Most of them would receive higher pay that would increase their family’s income, and some of those families would see their income rise above the federal poverty threshold. But some jobs for low-wage workers would probably be eliminated, the income of most workers who became jobless would fall substantially, and the share of low-wage workers who were employed would probably fall slightly.

 

MDRC: Paying It Forward

Feb 18, 2014 03:00 PM

Difficulties in paying for college and in maintaining good academic performance are two major hurdles to college graduation for low-income students. In recent years, state and federal budgets for postsecondary education have been cut significantly, limiting the options policymakers, education leaders, and communities have to improve rates of college attendance and graduation.

 
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The Economic and Financial Status of Older Americans: Trends and Prospects

Feb 18, 2014 02:30 PM

The global financial crisis and ensuing Great Recession reduced the income and wealth of many families, but older families generally fared better than young and middle-aged families. The Federal Reserve’s Survey of Consumer Finances reveals that being young was a significant risk factor during the downturn, regardless of a family’s race, ethnicity, or education level.

 

Mapping poverty: Wealthiest and poorest school districts in Pennsylvania

Feb 18, 2014 02:00 PM

The census’ Small Area Income and Poverty estimates, which come out every year, count children ages 5-17 who reside in a particular school district — not just those who attend public school.

 

Urban Institute: Expectations for Health Care Quality, Access, and Costs in 2014

Feb 12, 2014 02:50 PM

Widespread skepticism of and public opposition to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), even among those likely to benefit from the new law, has been reported since the law was passed in 2010. In December 2013, for example, a New York Times/CBS News poll reported that uninsured people were confused about the law and worried that it would increase their health care costs. As a consequence, 6 in 10 said they had not looked into coverage and subsidy options in their state Marketplace.

 

Education Week: Study Finds Years in School Matter More Than High School Diploma

Feb 12, 2014 02:00 PM

According to the findings of a recent study, two academically similar groups of 12th graders ended up earning virtually the same amount of money even though one group had passed their high school exit exams and the other group had failed to earn diplomas after missing the exam cutoff rate by a hair.

 

The impact factor’s Matthew effect: a natural experiment in bibliometrics

Feb 11, 2014 03:30 PM

Since the publication of Robert K. Merton’s theory of cumulative advantage in science (Matthew Effect), several empirical studies have tried to measure its presence at the level of papers, individual researchers, institutions or countries. This research shows that the journal in which papers are published have a strong influence on citation rates, as duplicate papers published in high impact journals obtain twice as much citations as identical counterparts published in lower impact journals.

 

Is Minnesota the Gold Standard for NCLB Waiver Implementation?

Feb 10, 2014 04:21 PM

A new batch of No Child Left Behind Act waiver monitoring reports shows that Oregon and Arkansas are among the many states that continue to stumble as they try to turn around their lowest-performing schools. However, if the U.S. Department of Education were giving waiver implementation grades, it seems that so far, Minnesota has gotten the only "A."

 
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Registration for the 2014 Spring Conference Is Now Open

Feb 10, 2014 01:38 PM

Register today for the 2014 Spring Conference, occurring April 12 in Washington, DC. The central theme of the conference is "Teaching Policy Analysis and Management in Today’s Classroom."

 
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Learning About Infant and Toddler Early Education Services (LITES) Call for Studies

Feb 05, 2014 02:30 PM

Mathematica Policy Research seeks studies for a review that will assess the evidence base of out-of-home early care and education (ECE) models for infants and toddlers (from birth to age 3).

 

Why CHIP is Still Critical for Kids

Feb 05, 2014 02:20 PM

Health coverage stakeholders and policymakers alike have asked whether CHIP is still important in the post-ACA coverage world. This paper highlights CHIP’s role in reducing the numbers of uninsured children in America and discusses how CHIP fits into the reformed ACA health care system.

 

Call for Proposals: Social Insurance and Lifecycle Events Among Older Americans

Feb 04, 2014 03:51 PM

With support from AARP, a conference on Social Insurance and Lifecycle Events Among Older Americans will be held on December 5th of 2014 in Washington, DC. The conference will focus specifically on lifecycle events commonly encountered by older Americans, the responsiveness of current policies to those events, and new thinking about policies consistent with a changing political environment.

 

Brookings: Designing Youth Employment Policies in Egypt

Feb 04, 2014 02:31 PM

This paper aims to find effective policy options that can support the development of more attractive jobs in Egypt’s private sector and lead to job creation and inclusive growth. Egypt is facing a marked “youth bulge” and therefore has a high rate of youth unemployment, particularly among the highly educated.

 
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APPAM Debuts Online Paper Collection Resource

The 33 papers featured in this collection represent a selected cross-section of works that were first presented at the 2013 Fall Research Conference this past November. With more than 200 sessions and 700 papers presenting cutting edge public policy research, APPAM had a difficult time paring down to the selections hosted in the collection.

 

Method of Study Is Criticized in Group’s Health Policy Tests

Feb 03, 2014 02:00 PM

The idea seemed transformative. The Affordable Care Act would fund a new research outfit evocatively named the Innovation Center to discover how to most effectively deliver health care, with $10 billion to spend over a decade. But now that the center has gotten started, many researchers and economists are disturbed that it is not using randomized clinical trials, the rigorous method that is widely considered the gold standard in medical and social science research.

 

CBO: Approaches to Reducing Federal Spending on Military Health Care

Jan 30, 2014 03:05 PM

In 2012, the Department of Defense (DoD) spent $52 billion on health care for service members, retirees, and their families. The department offers health care to nearly 10 million people through its TRICARE program, an integrated system of military health care providers and regional networks of civilian providers. Established in 1993, TRICARE now consists of three major plans: TRICARE Prime, TRICARE Standard, and TRICARE Extra.

 
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Beyond the GED: Preparing for College and a Career in the 21st Century

Jan 28, 2014 04:00 PM

The GED is a common pathway for many students to transition into postsecondary education and ultimately, the workforce. Past studies have indicated that in practice, many GED prep programs fall short of this goal. For the GED to live up to its potential as a viable alternative for youth to use to progress to and through postsecondary education, GED programs must re-evaluate the supports and services provided to students.

 

Danger Posed by Student-Data Breaches Prompts Action

Jan 28, 2014 03:53 PM

Privacy advocates say the increased collection, storage, and sharing of educational data pose real threats to children and families, from identify theft to nuisance advertising, misguided profiling to increased surveillance of everyday activities.

 

The new face of food stamps: working-age Americans

Jan 27, 2014 04:33 PM

In a first, working-age people now make up the majority in U.S. households that rely on food stamps — a switch from a few years ago, when children and the elderly were the main recipients. Some of the change is due to demographics, such as the trend toward having fewer children. But a slow economic recovery with high unemployment, stagnant wages and an increasing gulf between low-wage and high-skill jobs also plays a big role.

 

The Reforms That Public Pensions Really Need

Jan 27, 2014 02:32 PM

A new report out of the Rockefeller Institute of Government paints the darkest picture of issues surrounding public-employee pensions I have ever read. But unlike so many reports brimming with dire warnings about pensions, Strengthening the Security of Public Sector Defined Benefit Plans isn't anti-government-employee or anti-union and, as its title suggests, it isn't yet another call for converting all defined benefit plans to defined contribution.

 

Urban Institute: Single-Family Securitized Financing

Jan 24, 2014 02:00 PM

In November 2013, Invitation Homes LP, the Blackstone subsidiary that is the largest of the REO-to-rental operations, completed the first securitized financing of REO-to-rental properties (Invitation Homes 2013-SFR1). The private placement was very well received by the market, producing more favorable terms than many had anticipated. In this short article, we walk through why the deal was done, how it was structured, and what the financing means for the market.

 

Mathematica: Do Disadvantaged Students Get Less Effective Teaching?

Jan 17, 2014 04:30 PM

Lack of researcher consensus on how to measure disadvantaged students' access to effective teaching has made it challenging for practitioners to draw lessons from the data. This brief aims to help policymakers understand the emerging evidence by synthesizing findings from three peer-reviewed studies that collectively span 17 states.

 

Abt Associates: International Expert on HIV and AIDS Joins Abt

Jan 17, 2014 03:00 PM

Abt Associates has named Catherine Thompson, an expert in HIV and AIDS, as Principle Associate-Strategic Lead for this technical area within the company’s International Health Division.

 

Urban Institute: A Descriptive Study of Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Programs

Jan 17, 2014 02:06 PM

This study provides an in-depth, systematic look at program implementation, operations, outputs, and outcomes in four diverse Tribal TANF programs, and identifies promising practices and areas for further study. Overall, the study found that tribes use the flexibility of Tribal TANF to create diverse programs that reflect their unique circumstances, opportunities, and cultures.

 
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APPAM Announces New Policy Council and Executive Committee Members for 2014

Jan 16, 2014 02:58 PM

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) has completed its member elections for the next cohort to serve on APPAM’s Policy Council. In addition to the election of a practitioner and two academic representatives, APPAM members also elected a new Vice President and Secretary of the organization’s Executive Committee. For the first time in the Association’s history, a student was appointed to serve as a member of the Policy Council.

 
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Call for Proposals for the 2014 Fall Research Conference

Jan 15, 2014 07:48 PM

APPAM’s annual Fall Research Conference, a multi-disciplinary annual event that attracts the highest quality of research across a wide variety of important current and emerging policy and management issues, will be held November 6 – 8 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Association is pleased to announce that the submission period for session proposals is now open through April 18. This year’s conference will be under the direction of President-elect Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University.

 

Education Department Falling Short in Supporting English-Learners

Jan 14, 2014 02:48 PM

A new, highly critical report concludes that the Obama administration has not paid adequate attention to the needs of English-language learners, the fastest growing group of students in the nation's public schools. Published by the BUENO National Policy Center at the University of Colorado, Boulder, the report paints a picture of a U.S. Department of Education that has been indifferent to the unique educational needs of English-learners.

 

After waging War on Poverty for 50 years, let's not surrender

Jan 13, 2014 02:05 PM

Fifty years ago Wednesday, President Lyndon B. Johnson delivered what may have been the last genuinely uplifting State of the Union speech we've had. "This administration, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America," he said. "We shall not rest until that war is won. The richest nation on Earth can afford to win it. We cannot afford to lose it."

 

How do we grow our economy when most of the jobs are low wage and low skill?

Today’s job report was disappointing - just 74,000 estimated new jobs in December. What's more, overall job growth is mainly concentrated in low-wage, low-skill occupations. And the difference between the upper and lower classes is expanding as fewer high-growth occupations provide middle-class wages.​

 
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The Value of School Choice

Jan 09, 2014 06:17 PM

A key shift within the constantly changing landscape of American education is one of more choice by parents in choosing where their children are educated with public funds. Some school districts offer widely available choices through public charter schools, vouchers, magnet schools, virtual schools, and open-enrollment in regular public schools. Other districts remain committed to the more traditional model of zoned schools, where nearly all students are assigned based on residence.

 

The War on Poverty Turns 50: Why Aren't We Winning?

Jan 09, 2014 03:30 PM

Half a century after LBJ's famous declaration, poverty remains stubbornly high. It's not just the evolution of the low-wage economy; it's the devolution of the two-parent household.

 

MDRC: Beyond the GED

Jan 09, 2014 02:00 PM

Nearly 39 million adults in the United States do not have a high school diploma. Roughly two-thirds of them eventually obtain a high school equivalency credential like the General Educational Development (GED) certificate, with the hope of then obtaining a job. But in today’s changing economy, possessing a GED certificate ― while helpful for finding employment ― often isn’t enough, and many GED recipients will continue to struggle in the labor market.

 

AIR Experts Coauthor Brief Examining Schools Receiving Federal School Improvement Grants

Jan 09, 2014 02:00 PM

Experts with the American Institutes for Research (AIR), in collaboration with Mathematica Policy Research, wrote and conducted the analysis for “Operational Authority, Support, and Monitoring of School Turnaround,” a research brief examining low performing schools that receive federal School Improvement Grants. The study looks at school operational authority, state and district support for the turnaround effort, and state monitoring of school turnaround progress.

 

Applications Open for FDA Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellowship

Jan 08, 2014 03:00 PM

The application is now open for mid-career professionals to apply for the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Tobacco Regulatory Science Fellowship

 
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Kenneth Couch Selected as Next Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

Jan 08, 2014 02:09 PM

APPAM has selected Kenneth Couch, Professor at the University of Connecticut, as the next Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM). The University of Connecticut will be the institution of record for the Journal during Couch’s five-year term, which will begin in July. JPAM is the leading journal in the field of public policy and public management.

 

How lasting are the benefits of preschool?

Jan 08, 2014 02:00 PM

As President Obama advocates for a dramatic expansion of publicly funded preschool, there is growing debate about whether preschool pays off academically for kids.

 

50 Years Later, War on Poverty Is a Mixed Bag

Jan 06, 2014 03:13 PM

To many Americans, the war on poverty declared 50 years ago by President Lyndon B. Johnson has largely failed. The poverty rate has fallen only to 15 percent from 19 percent in two generations, and 46 million Americans live in households where the government considers their income scarcely adequate.​

 

New Funding for Ph.D. Students Announced at the University of Kansas

Jan 06, 2014 02:03 PM

The University of Kansas is pleased to announce two new competitive fellowships for Ph.D. students. Those selected for these fellowships will be granted generous research and teaching assistantships that cover all tuition and fees, as well as a competitive monthly stipend. Subject to adequate progress toward degree completion, these awards will be renewed for up to four years of study. Deadline is January 25.

 
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Preview the Winter JPAM

Preview the articles found in the Winter 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.​

 

Urban Institute: Unauthorized Immigrants and Their Families Fact Sheet

Jan 03, 2014 02:47 PM

The effects of immigration reform proposals will extend well beyond the 11 million unauthorized U.S. residents. Those unauthorized immigrants share their homes with 8.7 million people who legally reside in the United States. Three quarters of those legal residents are U.S. born citizens and 60 percent are children.

 

CBO: An Update on Choices for Deficit Reduction

Jan 02, 2014 03:35 PM

In coming decades, the aging of the population, rising health care costs, and the expansion of federal subsidies for health insurance will put increasing pressure on the federal budget. At the same time, by 2020, if current laws generally remained in place, federal spending apart from that for Social Security and major health care programs would drop to its smallest percentage of total output in more than 70 years, and federal revenues would be a larger percentage of output than they have been.

 

Taxpayer-Funded Aid Program Benefits Richer Students

Jan 02, 2014 03:34 PM

Much of the more than $1 billion a year in federal taxpayer-funded work-study money is going to the children of better-off families at expensive private universities, and not their lower-income counterparts, under a 50-year-old formula those pricey universities are unlikely to willingly relinquish.

 

MDRC: Financing Promising Evidence-based Programs: Early Lessons from the New York City Social Impact Bond

MDRC released a report about the New York City social impact bond program that was started in 2013. This social impact bond program is the first such program in the United States and one of only a handful social impact bonds that are in operation worldwide, with the others being in England and Australia.​

 
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APPAM President Angela Evans Shares 2014 Plans

Dec 19, 2013 07:18 PM

New APPAM President Angela Evans shares her plans for her coming term in office. A strong focus on the Association's strategic plan plays a key focus for APPAM in 2014.

 

Urban Institute: Health Reform Monitoring Survey

Dec 19, 2013 03:21 PM

The Health Reform Monitoring Survey addresses data gaps to provide timely insights into the Affordable Care Act.

 

NIEER: Expanding Access to Quality Pre-K Is Sound Public Policy

Dec 18, 2013 03:30 PM

In 2013, preschool education received more attention in the media and public policy circles than it has for some time, in part because of a series of high-profile proposals to expand access to quality pre-K. The scientific basis for these proposed expansions of quality pre-K is impressive.

 

UCL Introduces New MPA in Public Policy

Dec 18, 2013 02:48 PM

Science, technology and engineering are rewriting the foundations of our modern societies. Although this happens in different ways for different communities, everyone is affected: from urban citizens in the UK, China or Brazil (re-)developing their cities to make them more sustainable and prosperous; to rural farmers in Ghana, Nepal or India leveraging new communications tools to exchange knowledge that can make their communities safer and more resilient in the face of a changing climate.

 

How to Take a Meeting with Policymakers

Dec 17, 2013 03:24 PM

Those who represent you in Washington, DC place a high value on the opinions and experiences of stakeholders. They want to know how current and proposed legislation and regulations affect the work that you do and are always seeking recommendations from constituents regarding how thing can improve.

 
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Watch the 2013 APPAM Presidential Address

Dec 16, 2013 03:18 PM

Outgoing APPAM President Paul T. Decker delivered a popular address on November 8, 2013, at the Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC, entitled "False Choices, Policy Framing, and the Promise of 'Big Data.'"

 

Top economists weigh in on minimum wage at MIT

Fast-rising rates of economic inequality in the United States and poverty-reduction policies were the subjects of a daylong colloquium recently at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that featured several of the nation’s leading economists.

 
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Innovator: Reducing fear of program evaluation

Paul Decker, President of Mathematica Policy Research and 2013 President of APPAM, shares in a podcast on how public leaders can encourage greater use of program evaluation to learn what works and to improve outcomes for citizens.

 

NIH/OBSSR Twitter Chat on Careers in Behavioral and Social Sciences

Dec 12, 2013 03:38 PM

The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at the National Institutes of Health will like to you to join the upcoming Twitter chat in the series on Careers in Behavioral and Social Sciences. The first chat in this series will include both scientific and administrative careers at NIH. This session will be live on Friday, December 13th from 2 – 3 pm EST.

 

Carnegie Mellon Receives $10 Million from The Heinz Endowments for Expansion, Rennovation

Dec 12, 2013 03:29 PM

Just weeks after announcing plans to establish a new academic hub, Carnegie Mellon University will further transform its Pittsburgh campus through a gift from The Heinz Endowments.

 

Use caution in raising the minimum wage

Dec 11, 2013 02:53 PM

APPAM member Harry J. Holzer presents an op-ed in the Washington Post regarding proposals to raising the minimum wage.

 

The problem with public policy schools

Dec 09, 2013 02:00 PM

The basic premise behind a school of policy derives from the modern idea of constitution-making — that wisely crafted laws can shape the character and conduct of citizens.

 

Brookings: Closing the Skills Gap through Workforce Development Policy

Dec 06, 2013 03:30 PM

On December 4, Governance Studies at Brookings hosted an event to highlight the importance of understanding the workforce skills gap in order to create effective public policies aimed at creating equitable economic growth in America. Moderator Elisabeth Jacobs, a fellow in Governance Studies and author of a new paper "Principles for Reforming Workforce Development and Human Capital Policies in the United States," asked a series of questions to which the four expert panelists responded.

 

Unintended Consequences: How Child Support Programs Discourage Employment for Low-Income Families

Dec 06, 2013 02:00 PM

Child support programs are designed to reinforce stability for children from disjointed families. A recent study, however, shows that these programs negatively impact low-income families. In the 2013 article published in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, authors explore how accumulating debt tied to childbirth costs negatively impacts a father’s employment status and child support payments owed.

 
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O*NET Project Seeks APPAM Member Assistance

Dec 05, 2013 02:19 PM

The Occupational Information Network (O*NET) is requesting assistance from active APPAM members. O*NET is collecting current and essential information about Management Analysts. The program, sponsored by the United States Department of Labor, is gathering occupational information for a national database to be used by employers, workers, educators, and students across the country.

 

MacArthur Foundation Grant Supports Computing and Public Policy Efforts at Chicago Harris

Dec 04, 2013 02:27 PM

The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy has received a generous grant of $420,000 from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation to support a range of computing and public policy projects.

 
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Experiencing the Fall Research Conference for the First Time

My name is Senovia Guevara and I attended my first Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Fall Research Conference in November. I attended the event as a student conference volunteer and got the chance to review and write summaries for sessions that I attended. Although I was only at the conference for a few days, I was grateful for the opportunity as I learned so much from those whose presentations I attended.

 
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Did You Attend the 2013 Fall Research Conference? It's Survey Time!

Dec 03, 2013 05:47 PM

Were you an attendee or presenter at APPAM's 2013 Fall Research Conference? We're looking for your feedback to make our conferences even better in the future.

 
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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Policies and Their Effects

Dec 03, 2013 02:59 PM

I attended the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Policies and Their Effects session on Thursday, November 7. Presenters included Richard Hendra, Melanie A. Skemer, and Elizabeth Laird.

 
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Emerging Directions in Policy Analysis: Theory, Methods, and Data

Dec 03, 2013 02:46 PM

Thomas D. Cook and moderator Maureen Pirog both spoke during the roundtable held on Thursday at the APPAM conference. Cook’s presented “Possible future for methodological research in the policy sciences: Building an externally warranted practice of the satisficing”. He discussed whether the current tools we use in policy analysis could be better and if they could be improved, what would that include.​

 

MDRC: Encouraging more low-income and first-generation students to earn a degree

Dec 02, 2013 04:00 PM

Sometimes, all it takes is a $7 burrito gift card to get high school seniors to submit their college applications early. “You always have some students who say, `I don’t want to go to college,’ but they don’t realize whatever it is in life, they need to go to college for it,” said adviser Martin Copeland at Theodore Roosevelt High School in the District of Columbia. “They don’t realize it until May. For those students, these incentives work.”

 

Learning to Think Critically: A Visual Art Experiment

Dec 02, 2013 02:13 PM

Students who participated in the School Visit Program demonstrated significantly stronger critical thinking skills when analyzing a new painting. These effects were larger for students from more disadvantaged backgrounds. In light of recent declines in the availability of the arts for disadvantaged populations, our results have important policy implications for efforts to restore and expand access to the arts.

 

What Happens When Great Teachers Get $20,000 to Work in Low-Income Schools?

Nov 27, 2013 01:54 PM

In 10 cities, including Los Angeles, Miami, and Houston, researchers at Mathematica identified open positions in high-poverty schools with low test scores, where kids performed at just around the 30th percentile in both reading and math.

 
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Strategies for Preventing Teen Pregnancy

Nov 25, 2013 06:35 PM

From curriculum to contraception, the Strategies for Preventing Teen Pregnancy panel covered all bases in the discussion of teen pregnancy prevention. With the U.S. having the highest rate of teen pregnancy of any developed country, the federal government is funding evaluations for evidence- based teen pregnancy approaches.

 
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APPAM Thanks Everyone for a Successful 2013 Conference

Nov 25, 2013 05:56 PM

A short video thanking everyone for the successful 2013 Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC. Includes a message from new President Angela Evans.

 
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Spotlight: University of Chicago

Nov 25, 2013 01:45 PM

Established in 1988, the Harris School of Public Policy is one of six professional schools at the University of Chicago. The school offers five master’s degree programs, several joint-degree programs with other schools and departments on campus and at other institutions, and a doctoral program. It has more than 30 full-time faculty members, including two Nobel Prize laureates, who are recognized around the globe for their breadth and depth of expertise.

 

Urban Institute: New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program Evaluation Final Report

Nov 22, 2013 03:30 PM

The New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program encourages investment in low-income areas by providing tax credits to private investors through certified Community Development Entities (CDEs) that invest in businesses and real estate projects for economic and community development purposes.

 
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Mathematica: Highlights from APPAM's 2013 Fall Research Conference

"Effective policymaking and public management should be driven largely by evidence—the kind based on rigorous assessment of quantitative and qualitative data." —Paul Decker, chief executive officer of Mathematica Policy Research and outgoing president of APPAM

 
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Breaking the Fall of the Middle Class: Assessing the Federal Budget Policy Approaches

Nov 19, 2013 08:00 PM

A roundtable session on Friday, November 8, "Breaking the Fall of the Middle Class: Assessing the Federal Budget Policy Approaches," featured presenters Robert Haveman, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Elizabeth Ford, Seattle University School of Law; Sally Clark, Seattle City Council; Gary Burtless, Brookings Institute; and Stephanie Cellini, George Washington University.

 
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Effects of Food Assistance on Food Security-Findings from Established and Pilot Programs

Nov 19, 2013 06:00 PM

On Saturday, November 9, saw the session Effects of Food Assistance on Food Security-Findings from Established and Pilot Programs continue with the Fragile, At-Risk Families and Youth track of the 2013 Fall Research Conference. Chaired by Jay Hirschman, USDA, the panel included Mark Nord, USDA; James Malbi, Mathematica Policy Research; Ann Collins, Abt Associates, Inc.; and Judi Bartfeld, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

 
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Lee Hamilton: Academic Information Important at the Policymaking Table

Nov 19, 2013 05:00 PM

On Thursday, I had the opportunity to attend the luncheon session held with Lee Hamilton. Mr. Hamilton has extensive experience in Congress and was selected to share the valuable knowledge he had gained during his extensive career. As an experienced policymaker and negotiator, Mr. Hamilton provided valuable insight that helped attendees better understand the needs of policymakers and stressed the importance of the information that academics bring to the policymaking table.

 
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Early Childhood Interventions at Scale: Lessons for Current Policy Efforts

Nov 19, 2013 03:52 PM

Policymakers considering President Obama’s proposed Preschool for All Initiative will want to consult three papers presented at APPAM 2013, which shed light on the short- and long-term impacts of early childhood education. The papers indicate that while public and private preschool programs can support children’s development prior to entering kindergarten, these gains do not necessarily persist.

 
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Introducing APPAM's 2014 Executive Leadership Team

Nov 19, 2013 02:31 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Analysis Management (APPAM) recently held its annual Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC. More than 1,700 members were in attendance during the three days of sessions, presentations, and meetings. During the course of the conference, the Association’s new leadership council was announced.

 
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APPAM Members Select New Logo

Nov 19, 2013 02:08 PM

Over the last two weeks, Association members had the opportunity to vote on APPAM's new logo. The votes are in!

 
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Policy Meets Management: The Case of Extending Foster Care

The roundtable discussion “Policy Meets Management: The Case of Extending Foster Care”, moderated by Matthew Stagner from Mathematica Policy Research, included contributions from Catherine Heath, Mark Courtney and Debra Zanders-Willis.

 
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Challenges Faced by Research Associations in Moving Research into the Policymaking Community

Steve Rathgeb Smith, American Political Science Association, presented Rethinking the Research Policy Nexus. Rathgeb emphasized the need to move from mere publications to public action, a scenario whereby research-based evidences partners with the community and policy makers. This will ensure that scholarly findings are translated into and used in a way that will benefit stakeholders and members of the community.

 
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Understanding the Effects of Social Policy on Poverty

Nov 15, 2013 06:30 PM

The Official Poverty Measure (OPM), criticized practically since its inception in the 1960s by researchers and policymakers alike, continues to be a topic of important discussion. The OPM determines poverty status by comparing pre-tax cash income by three times a minimum food diet, set in 1963, adjusted by family size and updated annually for inflation.

 

IMPAQ Acquires Berkeley Policy Associates

Nov 15, 2013 04:28 PM

IMPAQ International, a premier research, evaluation, survey and technical assistance firm, announced today that it had acquired Berkeley Policy Associates (BPA), a public policy research and consulting firm with capabilities across a broad spectrum of substantive areas, and based in Oakland, California. Financial terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

 
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Students Enjoy the APPAM PDW

Nov 15, 2013 04:00 PM

The Professional Development Workshop (PDW) took place prior to APPAM’s 2013 Fall Research Conference. A couple of APPAM student members share their thoughts about the discussions, events, and theme of this year's pre-conference workshop.

 
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Housing and Well-Being Across the Life Span

Nov 15, 2013 03:20 PM

Irwin Garfinkel, Columbia University, chaired the Friday session entitled Housing and Well Being Across the Life Span. The panel consisted of three presenters who presented a mixture of research designs to assess the effects housing may have throughout a person’s life span and how policy should be informed by these findings.

 
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Does 1+1 = 3? What Research Tells Us About the Potential of Two-Generation Approaches

Nov 15, 2013 02:52 PM

“Are parents increasing their education levels and employment when their children are randomly assigned to Head Start? Yes,” said P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale of Northwestern University, one of four presenters on a panel of researchers who shared their findings on two-generation approaches to improving children’s well-being and their parents’ economic prospects.

 
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CFED: Financial Products for Immigrants & Communities of Color

Nov 15, 2013 02:29 PM

Last week, APPAM hosted its annual Fall Research Conference in Washington, DC. For the past four years, APPAM has included a number of panels, roundtables and other sessions that highlight new asset-based research, all of which have played a role in informing the work of the asset-building field. Organized and promoted by the Building Wealth over a Lifetime Working Group, this year’s APPAM conference included fourteen such sessions.

 
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A Look at the APPAM PDW

Nov 14, 2013 08:37 PM

Sarah Cordes, New York University, provides her takeaways from three important sessions during the past Professional Development Workshop that occurred on November 6, 2013, right before the opening of APPAM's Fall Research Conference. She summarizes the sessions Finding Jobs, Publication Strategies, and Finding Grants.

 
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Spillover Effects on Crime

The Broken Windows Theory, Arizona Legal Workers Act, and the Secure Communities Program were the hot topics at the session Spillover Effects on Crime on Friday, November 8. Clemencia Cosentino, Mathematica Policy Research, chaired the session and John MacDonald, University of Pennsylvania, provided integrative commentary.

 
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The Well-Being of Latinos in Traditional and New Destinations

Nov 14, 2013 02:00 PM

This Thursday session was chaired by Danya E. Keene, University of Pennsylvania, and included presentations by Abigail Fisher Williamson, Trinity College; Van C. Tran, Columbia University; and Brendan Saloner, University of Pennsylvania.

 
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Could Data Tsunami Usher in APPAM’s Moment?

Nov 13, 2013 08:12 PM

Data Scientist: The Sexiest Job in the 21st Century "I've been waiting a long time to see a headline like that," APPAM President Paul Decker told the crowd gathered Friday in Washington for his presidential address. The headline, taken from a Harvard Business Review article, was one of many moments of levity that punctuated Decker’s otherwise serious talk entitled "False Choices, Policy Framing, and the Promise of 'Big Data.'"

 
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Call for Proposals: Joint AAEA/CAES/EAAE Seminar

Nov 13, 2013 07:38 PM

The objective is to promote a better understanding of peer group influence on food consumption, and how social media and social networking affect food production and food choice decisions. Recognizing the role of social media in the broader food environment can help explain food choices that lead to unhealthy diets or the consumption of unsafe food.

 
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Research on Community Colleges: Readiness, Quality, and Completion

Nov 13, 2013 07:22 PM

The Urban Institutes’ Lauren Eyster chaired the Friday morning panel on community colleges. Four presenters addressed a number of topics focusing on readiness, quality, and completion.

 
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Meeting the Needs of Vulnerable Young Children

Nov 13, 2013 03:00 PM

On Friday, November 8, Deborah Reed, Mathematica Policy Research, chaired the panel Meeting the Need of Vulnerable Young Children. The panel consisted of Heather Dahien, State Health Access Data Assistance Center; Christina Weiland, University of Michigan; Anna Johnson and Deborah Phillips, Georgetown University; and Dylan Conger, George Washington University.

 

International Development Fellowships & Research Grants in the UAE

The Sheikh Saud Bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research is pleased to accept proposals from visiting scholars to conduct field research in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates.

 
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Military Service and Human Capital: Policy Lessons from the Global War on Terrorism

Nov 11, 2013 02:40 PM

On Friday, November 8, several presenters discussed that deployment overseas either for combat operations or non-war related is now a way of life for military families. This, however, comes with serious negative effects on spouses left at home and the whole family as well as on the deployed parent. Specific impacts of these deployments upon military families range from emotional, social, domestic violence and even on their children’s education.

 
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The War on Poverty: After 50 Years

Nov 10, 2013 03:45 PM

On Friday, November 8, Fall Research Conference attendees packed into the ballroom of the Washington Marriott for the second symposia on the weekend. As we near the fiftieth anniversary of President Lyndon Johnson’s historic launch of the War on Poverty, it seemed fitting that we take a step back to evaluate these programs. Two students from Rutgers University who were in attendance share their perceptions of the symposium.

 
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Short Bits: Hot Friday Sessions

Nov 09, 2013 07:38 PM

A quick look at three hot-topic sessions from Friday, November 8: "Does 1+1 = 3? What Research Tells Us About the Potential of Two-Generation Approaches;" "Early Childhood Interventions at Scale: Lessons for Current Policy Efforts;" and "Could Data 'Tsunami' Usher in APPAM’s Moment?"

 
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Exploring the Impact of School Breakfast Policy

Nov 09, 2013 05:58 PM

Chaired by Rogan Kersh, Wake Forest University, this session at the 2013 Fall Research Conference explored various studies regarding school breakfast in class programs and their effects on student learning.​

 
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Angela Evans Welcomes Attendees to the 2013 Fall Research Conference

Nov 05, 2013 02:50 PM

APPAM President-elect Angela Evans welcomes attendees and members to this year's Fall Research Conference in a special video address.

 

An Assessment of the Strengthening Communities Fund Capacity-Building Program

Nov 04, 2013 07:28 PM

The Strengthening Communities Fund (SCF) authorized under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) was designed to build organizational capacity of faith-based and community organizations (FBCOs) so they could contribute to economic recovery and help ensure that information and services available through ARRA reached disadvantaged populations.

 
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Vermont Fiscal Director Stephen Klein Wins Steven D. Gold Award

Nov 01, 2013 02:00 PM

The award, presented by NCSL in conjunction with the National Tax Association and the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, recognizes a person who has made a significant contribution to public financial management in the field of intergovernmental relations and state and local finance. It was named for respected financial analyst Steven D. Gold, who was active in all three organizations.​

 

CAP: Getting to Results by Investing for Impact

Nov 01, 2013 01:00 PM

Government has a real opportunity to invest in innovation in the social sector. In tight fiscal times, all levels of government are seeking more innovative approaches to delivering better services and getting better outcomes. The field of social impact investing has emerged as a way to forge public-private partnerships in pursuit of shared social goals in areas like housing, clean energy, and—most recently—preventive social services.

 

Data Geeks Make Change

Oct 30, 2013 03:00 PM

"Images of ones and zeroes, or endless pages of data tables might come to mind. But take a closer look and you might see how numbers and data paint a more colorful picture of the individuals and communities we work with. They not only enable a deeper understanding of the challenges that people face, they help inform decision making to improve lives."

 

MDRC: The Impact of Family Involvement on the Education of Children Ages 3 to 8

Oct 30, 2013 01:24 PM

This report summarizes research conducted primarily over the past 10 years on how families’ involvement in children’s learning and development through activities at home and at school affects the literacy, mathematics, and social-emotional skills of children ages 3 to 8. A total of 95 studies of family involvement are reviewed.

 

MSPP Professor Judy Feder Issues Alternative Report on Long-Term Care Solutions

Oct 28, 2013 02:02 PM

Compelled to provide Congress with a comprehensive report on implementing and financing long-term care services, five commissioners, including Judy Feder, a health care and long-term care expert and professor at the McCourt School, issued an alternative report to the Commission’s final report to Congress.​

 

Abt Associates Expert to Present at Event on Ending Homelessness

Oct 25, 2013 02:34 PM

Tom Albanese, Abt senior associate, is giving two presentations at the National Conference on Ending Homelessness, organized by the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness.

 

Urban Institute: Medicaid and CHIP Managed Care Payment Methods and Spending in 20 States

Oct 23, 2013 05:51 PM

This study of Medicaid and CHIP managed care programs in 20 states indicates that capitation rate-setting became more data-driven and transparent during the time period 2001-2010. Benefit packages were fairly consistent over time and among states, with carve outs in every state for a least one acute service.

 

Let's Treat Housing as a Health Care Issue

Oct 22, 2013 01:35 PM

Governor Andrew Cuomo and New York State did something Care for the Homeless has long advocated. He adopted the public policy that housing is health care. CFH’s health care professionals, who treat people experiencing homelessness every day, advocate for it. They know it’s not just easier to access treatment when you’re stably housed, but ongoing treatment is always more effective for those who have stable housing.

 

Making Sense of the Dee-Wyckoff IMPACT Study Stanford's

Oct 18, 2013 12:58 PM

Tom Dee and UVA's Jim Wyckoff have just published an important study on Washington DC's controversial teacher evaluation system. They find that the IMPACT system (launched during Michelle Rhee's tenure as chancellor) appears to boost teacher effectiveness and also makes it more likely that low-performing teachers will depart. Per usual, Dee, the king of regression discontinuity, has found a clever research strategm that lets the researchers push past descriptive data and correlational findings.

 

Saving Defense Dollars: From Base Realignment and Closure to Overhead Realignment and Closure

Oct 17, 2013 12:57 PM

With the government shutdown over for the time being, the real issue facing the nation is something that both parties agree on, in principle: the need to reduce the size of the federal deficit. The Budget Control Act of 2011 and sequestration have made some steps in this direction, though aiming indiscriminately at certain parts of government far more than others. Half of all cuts, for example, come from the Defense Department.

 
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Reimagining Aid Design and Delivery: Improving Federal Financial Aid for Students

The Brown Center on Education Policy at the Brookings Institution recently released a new paper, "The Next Steps: Building a Reimagined System of Student Aid." The author, Beth Akers, a fellow with the Brown Center, presented her findings and headed a panel on Thursday, October 3, to explore how a redesigned federal financial aid system could help more students afford and succeed in college.

 

NASPAA's Statement on the U.S. Federal Government Shutdown

Oct 16, 2013 01:00 PM

The more than 280 schools of public policy and administration represented by NASPAA, the global standard in public service education, share a concern about the impact that the October 2013 U.S. federal government shutdown may have on the future of public service, and on wider confidence in public governance.

 
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Spotlight: Abt Associates

Abt Associates is a mission-driven, global leader in research and program implementation in the fields of health, social and environmental policy, and international development. Throughout the company’s history, Abt has been a critical resource to governments, international organizations, academia, and foundations around the world.

 

Fighting for Reliable Evidence: An interview with Judith Gueron, MDRC, and Howard Rolston, Abt Associates

Oct 15, 2013 02:30 PM

Judith Gueron and Howard Rolston join the Gov Innovator blog to discuss their new book, Fighting for Reliable Evidence, published by the Russell Sage Foundation. It describes the four-decade effort to develop and use rigorous evidence from random assignment studies to improve social policy, particularly in the areas of welfare-to-work and anti-poverty policy.

 

Urban Institute: Using Past Income Data to Verify Current Medicaid Eligibility

Oct 15, 2013 01:30 PM

Using data from the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation, we find that information about past income and employment that is available to state Medicaid programs can potentially verify (a) initial financial eligibility for between 55 and 79 percent of eligible applicants and (b) renewed eligibility for between 60 and 71 percent of eligible enrollees.

 

AIR: Value-Added Measures in Education

Oct 11, 2013 02:30 PM

State and federal policies, such as the Race to the Top program, have redefined accountability to require states to develop and use performance-based teacher evaluation systems to inform decisions on professional development, employment, and compensation. To assess teacher effectiveness, many states and districts are using growth and value-added measurements as one component of a comprehensive evaluation system.

 

U.S. DOL Announces Funds Availability for 2013 Employment and Training Research Papers Program

Oct 11, 2013 01:51 PM

he U.S. Department of Labor’s (USDOL) Employment and Training Administration (ETA) announced in a Training and Employment Notice the availability of approximately $80,000 in funding for the 2013 ETA Research Papers Program. The ETA Research Papers Program seeks to support original research conducted by Doctoral and Post-Doctoral students on topics related to the public workforce system.

 

California's 'Linked Learning' Initiative Gets Influx of Funds

California's Linked Learning Initiative is getting more than $7 million in new funding from private and public sources to support the high school career-preparation program, which grew last year from seven to 63 districts across the state.

 

How to get census data during the government shutdown

Oct 10, 2013 01:00 PM

Among the many data casualties that have resulted from the federal government shutdown is the shuttered U.S. Census Bureau website, which is critical for many people, from demographers to journalists. But with a little digging, fellow data users, we’ve found that there are still several ways to access government data.

 
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Distinguished Researchers, Professors, and Fellows Selected for Various 2013 APPAM Awards

Oct 09, 2013 06:57 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Analysis Management (APPAM) has selected several winners for four distinguished awards: the Best Dissertation in Public Policy and Management, the Best Dissertation in Public Policy and Management in Asia, the ICPA/JCPA Award for Research in Comparative Policy Analysis, and the Raymond Vernon Memorial Award. These annual awards will be presented to the winners at the Association’s 2013 Fall Research Conference in November.

 

Child Neglect: Are We Doing Enough?

Science tells us that responsive environments and supportive relationships are essential elements for building healthy brain architecture. When young children reach out for interaction and receive responses that are consistently unreliable, inappropriate, or simply absent, the impact of excessive stress activation combined with this lost opportunity for interaction can affect brain development and result in lifelong consequences.

 

Changing the Game: Closing the Data Gap Will Help Narrow the Skills Gap

The skills gap in the U.S. workforce is by now well documented and the consequences well known. Millions of Americans need jobs, yet employers are striking out when it comes to finding qualified candidates for the millions of positions available.

 

The Latest Shutdown Information for NIH- and NSF-Funded Researchers

Oct 02, 2013 05:57 PM

Are you working on a NSF or NIH funded project? Check here for updates as the government shutdown continues.​

 

Duke Professors Weigh In on Shutdown

Oct 02, 2013 02:30 PM

What can we expect now that there is a partial shutdown of the federal government? Duke asked several of its professors to weigh in, in less than 100 words.

 
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Dr. Adam Gamoran to Receive 2013 Spencer Foundation Award from APPAM

Oct 02, 2013 01:00 PM

The Association of Public Policy and Analysis Management (APPAM) has selected Adam Gamoran, President of the William T. Grant Foundation, as the recipient of the 2013 Spencer Foundation Award. The Spencer Foundation Award recognizes noteworthy contributions through research and analysis in the field of education policy and management.

 

After Two Years, Three Widely Used Elementary Math Curricula Outperform a Fourth

Oct 01, 2013 01:00 PM

Most elementary schools use curricula for math instruction. When choosing among the various curricular approaches that exist, educators often focus on selecting a program that will help students learn and understand mathematics and offer an instructional approach that fits their context and teaching style. [PDF]

 

Introducing the Center for Effective Public Management at Brookings

Sep 30, 2013 07:00 PM

Governance Studies at Brookings is pleased to announce the establishment of a new research entity, the Center for Effective Public Management (CEPM), which will focus on identifying and solving political and governance challenges in 21st century America. Former Vice President Al Gore delivered a keynote address about his views on government reinvention and tackling American governance challenges; Senior Fellow Elaine Kamarck provided an overview of the new center’s vision, research, and goals.

 
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State Perspectives in Expanded Learning: The Role of Statewide Afterschool Networks

Sep 30, 2013 05:00 PM

With the demand for afterschool and summer programs reaching new heights, educators and policymakers are recognizing the benefit of a coordinated approach to expanded learning opportunities. Of the last decade, stateside afterschool networks have played a critical role in promoting such coordination, demonstrating how expanded learning in these programs can complement and reinforce school day lessons.​

 

Why Food Stamps Matter

Sep 27, 2013 01:51 PM

North Philadelphia is one of America’s poorest urban neighborhoods. In 2011, researchers with Pew Charitable Trusts estimated that Philadelphia’s poverty rate stood at twenty-five per cent. But that number hid huge disparities. Some suburbs were as leafy and affluent as Westchester, New York. Meanwhile, in the eastern part of North Philadelphia, the city’s poorest district, the poverty rate stood at about fifty-six per cent. In 2010, the median home price for a house in the area was $10,000.

 

Fannie Mae reduces its max LTV to 95: Does the data support the move?

Sep 25, 2013 01:17 PM

It just got a little harder to buy a home. Fannie Mae recently announced that it would reduce the maximum loan-to-value (LTV) ratio for loans it purchases from 97 percent to 95 percent—meaning that borrowers now have to contribute a minimum 5 percent down payment, instead of 3 percent. This change places yet another barrier in front of low- and moderate-income families, who are already facing a tightening credit box.

 

Kioko, Hildreth Win Jesse Burkhead Prize

APPAM members Dr. Sharon Kioko and Dr. Bartley Hildreth, along with Indiana University's Dr. Craig Johnson, have been awarded the Jesse Burkhead prize for best article in 2012 in the journal Public Budgeting and Finance.

 

Breaking Ranks in Academia

Sep 24, 2013 01:00 PM

Why does so much of the academic writing on international affairs seem to be of little practical value, mired in a "cult of irrelevance"? Is it because IR scholars are pursuing a misleading model of "science," patterned after physics, chemistry, or biology? Or is it because many prominent academics fear criticism and are deathly afraid of being controversial, and prefer to hide behind arcane vocabulary, abstruse mathematics, or incomprehensible postmodern jargon?

 

CBO: A Premium Support System for Medicare

Sep 23, 2013 02:00 PM

Over the past two decades, numerous proposals have been advanced for the establishment of a premium support system for Medicare. Under such a program, beneficiaries would purchase health insurance from one of a number of competing plans, and the federal government would pay part of the cost of the coverage. The various proposals have differed in many respects, including the way in which the federal contribution would be set and how that contribution might change over time.

 

Urban Institute: The Costs of Debt Limit Brinksmanship

Sep 20, 2013 01:00 PM

In this testimony before the Joint Economic Committee, Donald Marron offers Congress four pieces of advice as it faces the looming debt limit.

 

Urban Institute: The Negative Effects of Instability on Child Development

Sep 19, 2013 01:17 PM

Children thrive in stable and nurturing environments where they have a routine and know what to expect. But a large number of children face instability at some point in their lives. They experience change in individual or family circumstances that is abrupt, involuntary, and/or in a negative direction.​

 

Georgetown Receives $100M to Create New Public Policy School

Sep 18, 2013 06:22 PM

The McCourt School of Public Policy (MSPP), funded through a gift from Frank H. McCourt Jr. (C’75), will be the ninth current school at Georgetown and the first new school at the university since 1957. It will focus on the use of evolving technology to help solve some of the most urgent and complex public policy challenges in the 21st century.

 
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Mathematica Study Examines Teacher Effectiveness in High-Needs Secondary Schools

Sep 16, 2013 04:00 PM

High-poverty schools across the country struggle to attract effective teachers, particularly in science and math. Teach For America (TFA) and the TNTP Teaching Fellows programs provide an alternative route into the teaching profession for promising candidates without formal training in education. Findings released by Mathematica Policy Research last week indicate that secondary math teachers from both programs are as effective as other math teachers in the same schools.

 

Child poverty has stopped climbing, but it's stuck at high levels

Sep 16, 2013 01:00 PM

Our child poverty predictions rely on historical American Community Survey (ACS) child poverty data, unemployment rates, and SNAP (food stamp) receipt. The Census Bureau recommends Current Population Survey (CPS) data for nationwide poverty estimates —those are what will be released Tuesday— and ACS for state-by-state statistics, which come out on Thursday. Nevertheless, our predictions have historically tracked national calculations closely.

 

Reference pricing as an alternative to selective contracting

A fascinating, new article on reference pricing by James Robinson and Timothy Brown appeared in the August issue of Health Affairs. The results are interesting enough, and I’ll get to them, but the well-articulated market context and potential implications of reference pricing are what caught the Incidental Economist's eye.

 

MDRC: Promoting College Match for Low-Income Students

Sep 13, 2013 01:15 PM

Most high school reform efforts understandably fo­cus on boosting the success of low-income students who are underachieving academi­cally, aiming to help them graduate ready for the rigors of college. But in every school dis­trict where students struggle, there are aca­demically capable low-income and minority students who do graduate from high school and are well prepared for college.

 

IES: Addressing Teacher Shortages in Disadvantaged Schools

Sep 12, 2013 01:13 PM

Two IES studies evaluated teachers from two highly selective alternative routes--Teach For America and the Teaching Fellows programs--and less selective alternative routes that accept nearly all applicants. An evaluation brief discusses the following lessons learned from these two studies.

 
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An Introduction to the National Poverty Fellows Program

Sep 12, 2013 01:00 PM

As part of the APPAM Professional Development Workshop and for other young post-doctoral researchers, Timothy Smeeding Director of the Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) at the University of Wisconsin–Madison will conduct an information session about the National Poverty Fellows Program, an exciting post-doctoral opportunity developed and administered by IRP in conjunction with two branches of the Department of Health and Human Services.

 

Mathematica: New Study Examines Effectiveness of Secondary School Math Teachers

Sep 11, 2013 02:00 PM

Middle and high school math teachers from Teach For America (TFA) and the TNTP Teaching Fellows programs are as effective as, and in some cases more effective than, other math teachers in the same schools. The first large-scale, random assignment study of the effects of secondary school math teachers from these programs on student achievement provides new evidence for policymakers and education officials concerned about teacher effectiveness and staffing strategies in high-poverty schools.

 

Cato Institute: School Spending Transparency Favors School Choice

Sep 10, 2013 02:00 PM

In a post at RedefinED Online calling for more sunshine on the Sunshine State’s public school spending data, Jason Bedrick discussed the broader implications of financial transparency.

 

Economy Edges Out Environment for Governments Plugging Electric Vehicles

Sep 10, 2013 01:15 PM

Contrary to common belief, many of the world’s most powerful nations promote the manufacture and sale of electric vehicles primarily for reasons of economic development – notably job creation – not because of their potential to improve the environment through decreased air pollution and oil consumption.​

 

What’s Behind the Drop in College Enrollment?

Sep 06, 2013 01:30 PM

New Census Bureau estimates published Tuesday point to a record drop in college enrollment after years of steady growth. Total enrollment dipped 467,000 last year, about a 2.3 percent decline from 2011. While it might not seem high, the number represents a significant reversal: It’s the largest year-over-year decline since the Census Bureau began estimating enrollment in 1955. So what’s to explain the sudden drop?

 
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Meet the 2013 Policy Council: Scott Allard

Sep 05, 2013 02:00 PM

Scott W. Allard is an Associate Professor at the University of Chicago's School of Social Service Administration (SSA) with expertise in social welfare policy, federalism and intergovernmental relationships, and urban policy. Allard has received research grants supporting his work on social welfare policy from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), The Brookings Institution, and others.

 

Over Half of Food Stamp Recipients Live in the Suburbs

Sep 03, 2013 02:15 PM

The housing bust didn't just sink the world economy. It sunk the suburbs too.

 
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APPAM President-elect Angela Evans Introduces the Saturday Caucus

Sep 03, 2013 01:00 PM

APPAM President-elect Angela Evans welcomes members back after the summer and presents the new Saturday Caucus debuting at this year's Fall Research Conference.

 

Cato Institute: Cracking the Books

Aug 30, 2013 01:00 PM

Public schools are usually the most costly item in state and local budgets. Yet despite tremendous and persistent spending growth in the last half-century, the public vastly underestimates the true cost of public education.

 
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Meet the 2013 Policy Council: Robert Kaestner and Jane Waldfogel

Aug 29, 2013 03:00 PM

Last year, the membership voted for Robert Kaestner as part of the new Policy Council cohort. Serving until 2016, Kaestner joins Colleen Barry, David Johnson, Mark Long, Jodi Sandfort, Laura Peck, and Lucie Schmidt as the newly-elected Council members. In 2011, the membership voted for Jane Waldfogel, who serves until 2015 with the Policy Council cohort that includes Scott Allard, Marcy Carlson, Swati Desai, Barbara Devaney, Susan Dynarski, and Joyce Manchester.

 

American University Announces Environmental Leadership and Governance Internship Program

Aug 29, 2013 01:08 PM

Under the auspices of its William K. Reilly Fund for Environmental Governance and Leadership, the American University Center for Environmental Policy (CEP) is pleased to announce an internship program for students in the School of Public Affairs’ Masters of Public Policy and Masters of Public Administration programs.

 

Brookings: Revive Build America Bonds to Support State and Local Investments

Aug 28, 2013 01:01 PM

The Build America Bonds (BABs) program, which expired in 2010, should be reinstated to encourage budget-constrained state and local governments to invest in economically critical infrastructure projects. While authorized at a lower subsidy rate than the original program, a permanent BABs program would provide flexible, low-cost financing for a broad range of infrastructure projects that will create jobs and foster economic growth for years to come.

 

Urban Institute: Income and Wealth of Older Adults Needing Long-Term Services and Supports

Aug 27, 2013 02:00 PM

In his testimony before the federal Commission on Long-Term Care, Richard Johnson reports that most older adults who receive Medicaid-financed nursing home care have low incomes and very little wealth, both while on the program and for at least a decade before entering a nursing home.

 

Forget whether “opting-out” is good or bad for parents. How does it impact kids?

APPAM Policy Council member Jane Waldfogel contributed to an article that expands on a recent NYT Magazine cover story about mothers who opted to walk away from successful professional careers to stay at home with their kids.

 

Small Schools Give Graduation Boost in Big Apple, Study Says

Aug 26, 2013 01:30 PM

Students in New York City's small high schools are more likely to graduate than other students, and perhaps are also better prepared for college-level reading afterward, according to the latest in an ongoing longitudinal evaluation of the schools.

 

How New York City Became Safe Again

Aug 23, 2013 03:14 PM

While exploring New York City's terrifying past, we started to wonder how the city became safe again. New York's murder rate peaked in 1990. By the end of the 90s, violent crime in the city had dropped 56%.

 

Free Trade in Environmental Goods: The Trade Remedy Problem

Aug 23, 2013 02:11 PM

In late June of 2013, in a major speech on climate change, President Obama announced a plan "to launch negotiations toward global free trade in environmental goods and services," including clean energy technology. Removing or lowering tariffs on goods such as solar panels and wind turbines would lead to lower prices and greater availability of those products.

 

RAND: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education

Aug 22, 2013 12:11 PM

After conducting a comprehensive literature search, the authors undertook a meta-analysis to examine the association between correctional education and reductions in recidivism, improvements in employment after release from prison, and learning in math and in reading. Their findings support the premise that receiving correctional education while incarcerated reduces an individual's risk of recidivating.​

 

Urban Institute: Who Are the Long-Term Unemployed?

Relative to currently employed workers, those who have been out of work for more than 26 weeks (the long-term unemployed) tend to be less educated and are more likely to be nonwhite, unmarried, disabled, impoverished, and to have worked previously in the construction industry and construction occupations. The long-term unemployed have much more in common with workers who are newly unemployed and workers who have become discouraged and dropped out of the labor force.

 
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Understanding the Research, Policy, and Practice Behind Transforming Remediation

Aug 20, 2013 01:41 PM

The American Youth Policy Forum conducted an online seminar last week, presenting some key principles for transforming remedial education in postsecondary education. The webinar also highlighted promising institution-level practices and discussed future steps.

 

Mathematica: State-to-State Differences in the Vocational Rehabilitation Experiences of Transition-Age Youth with Disabilities

Aug 20, 2013 01:00 PM

In a new working paper, Mathematica researchers Todd Honeycutt, Allison Thompkins, Maura Bardos, and Steven Stern present new state-level statistics on state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies in order to expand the knowledge base on both the agencies and the agency- and state-level practices that most effectively promote employment opportunities for transition-age youth (16 to 24 years old) with disabilities.

 

Regulation nation: Obama expands the regulatory state

Aug 19, 2013 02:00 PM

President Obama has overseen a dramatic expansion of the regulatory state that will outlast his time in the White House. The reach of the executive branch has advanced steadily on his watch, further solidifying the power of bureaucrats who churn out regulations that touch nearly every aspect of American life and business.

 

Urban: Strengthening Local Capacity For Data-Driven Decisionmaking

Aug 19, 2013 12:03 PM

The National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership used strategic planning to examine its model in the context of 15 years of local partner experiences and dramatic changes in technology and policy approaches. The process reviewed the functions and institutional arrangements of local data intermediaries and reflected on the continued need for local expertise to help communities use data for decisionmaking.​

 

Health Policy Briefs: Health Gaps

Aug 16, 2013 02:19 PM

At a time when health care providers and policy makers are exploring new models to promote better health and improve health care, different populations experience persistent and increasing disparities in health status. In the United States, life expectancy and other health status measures vary dramatically depending on factors, such as race, gender, educational attainment, and ZIP code, that should not make a difference.

 
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Spotlight: University of California, Berkeley

Today, the Goldman School of Public Policy at UC Berkeley conducts leading-edge research in budgeting and the economy, political participation, labor, education, inequality, racial profiling, criminal justice, health care, renewable energy and the environment, and national security.

 
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Tackling Wicked Government Problems: Developing Enterprise Leaders

Aug 15, 2013 05:00 PM

Government leaders face increasingly complex problems that demand collaborative interagency solutions. Nearly all of the major challenges the government faces today, from cyber security and food safety to natural and man-made disasters, require leaders at all levels who can coordinate resources beyond their immediate control.

 

CBO: The Economic Impact of S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act

The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744) would revise laws governing immigration and the enforcement of those laws, allowing for a significant increase in the number of noncitizens who could lawfully enter the United States permanently or temporarily. The bill also would create a process for many currently unauthorized residents to gain legal status, subject to their meeting conditions specified in the bill.

 
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Mexico-U.S. Migration: Past, Present, and Future Trends

Aug 13, 2013 05:08 PM

The total number of Mexican migrants into the United States has increased more than ten-fold between 1970 and 2011. Why did so many Mexicans come to this country? Since about 2005, why has net migration from Mexico apparently fallen to about zero? Is this change likely to be permanent? Regardless of whether there might be an indefinite pause in Mexican migration, are there other "Mexicos"—in Latin America or elsewhere—in our future? And what are the implications for policy?

 

From the Eyes of a School Board Member: The Promising Story in Public Education

Aug 13, 2013 01:56 PM

On Education Week, guest blogger Debbie Wesslund, school board member of the Jefferson County Public Schools, the largest school district in Kentucky, shares how there is more to the public education story, and much worth applauding and supporting in Kentucky, and all across the country.

 

Higher Education, Data Transparency, and the Limits of Data Anonymization

Aug 13, 2013 01:16 PM

Advocates of higher education reform often argue that we ought to reward the most effective institutions, i.e., the institutions that do the most to improve student outcomes per dollar spent. The problem, however, is that we don’t have very good tools for assessing outcomes.

 

Harvard's Institute of Politics Announces Fall Fellows

Aug 12, 2013 06:11 PM

Harvard’s Institute of Politics, located at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, today announced the selection of an experienced group of individuals for Resident and Visiting Fellowships this fall. Over the course of an academic semester, Resident Fellows interact with students, participate in the intellectual life of the Harvard community and lead weekly study groups on a wide variety of issue areas.

 

Urban: The Justice Reinvestment Initiative

Aug 12, 2013 01:00 PM

This brief summarizes the efforts of states involved in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI), a program designed to identify and implement cost-efficient, evidence-based criminal justice reforms. To do so, jurisdictions use data analysis to identify criminal justice population and cost drivers and then develop policy options to reduce those drivers.

 

OPRE: Adverse Child Experiences in NSCAW

Aug 09, 2013 02:29 PM

More than half of the children in the NSCAW II sample report four or more adverse childhood experiences. This finding is from a brief that uses the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II) to examine rates of adverse childhood experiences among children who have been reported for maltreatment to the child welfare system.

 

State Tax Revenues Up But Volatility Continues

Aug 09, 2013 12:21 PM

States' tax collections have been growing for 13 straight quarters now. While inflation-adjusted state tax revenues are presently above the recessionary peaks, states continue to face fiscal challenges, particularly due to artificially propped-up personal income tax revenues, according to the latest State Revenue Report from the Rockefeller Institute of Government.

 
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IMPAQ International to Conduct Study Profiling Women Veterans’ Economic and Employment Characteristics

Aug 08, 2013 01:04 PM

MPAQ International, LLC has been selected by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) to develop a descriptive statistical profile of women veterans and their economic and employment characteristics. The Columbia-based, woman-owned firm will also inventory programs that explicitly or implicitly target women veterans in DOL and across other Federal agencies. The goal is to determine the extent of existing employment services available for this group.

 

GW's Elliott School of International Affairs Receives $245,000 Grant from the Hewlett Foundation

Aug 07, 2013 02:00 PM

The Institute for International Economic Policy (IIEP), at the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, received a $245,000 grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation for research on global development goals and women's economic empowerment. Led by GW Professor James Foster, IIEP will develop an approach for measuring progress toward the new global development goals that accounts for achievements across multiple dimensions.

 

Rutgers Future Scholars Experiment Gets 163 Urban Kids to College

Aug 07, 2013 12:47 PM

What would happen if the university put nearly 200 low-income kids in an intensive multiyear program to get them ready for college and offered them free tuition to Rutgers if they stuck with it? The results of the program, called Rutgers Future Scholars, are better than anyone at the university expected. Out of the 183 students who started the program as seventh-graders, 163 are headed to college this fall — including 98 to Rutgers on full scholarships, school officials said.

 

Urban Institute: State and Local Coverage Changes Under Full Implementation of the ACA

Aug 06, 2013 12:37 PM

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) includes many new policies intended to reduce the number of people without health insurance. This brief highlights new state and sub-state estimates of how the number and composition of individuals enrolled in Medicaid/CHIP would change with full implementation of the ACA, including the Medicaid expansion.

 

Policy Analysis in Brazil

Aug 05, 2013 02:39 PM

This new book shows how policy analysis emerged as part of Brazilian state-building from the 1930s onwards. With the democratization process of the late 1980s, policy analysis began to include innovative elements of social participation in public management.

 
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Accurate Counting of Homeless Youth Necessary to Provide Successful Assistance

Aug 02, 2013 05:22 PM

Homelessness is devastating for young people. They often can't attend school, let alone graduate. They experience hight rates of violence, sexual assault, physical illness, and behavioral disorders. To cope, many engage in drug use, prostitution, survival sex, or other illicit activities. And they are often invisible.

 

Fiscal stress: Beyond Detroit

Aug 01, 2013 01:41 PM

Detroit is the biggest city to declare bankruptcy in U.S. history. Most of the attention on the city’s fiscal crisis, however, has so far ignored the wider metropolitan, state, and even Great Lakes context that portends widespread fiscal challenges.

 

New Rutgers Regional Report examines nation’s employment and output recovery

Jul 31, 2013 01:08 PM

A new Rutgers Regional Report, “Employment Recession and Recovery in the 50 States: A Further Update,” authored by Joseph J. Seneca, university professor and economist at the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, and Will Irving, research associate at the Bloustein School, provides an update on the private-sector employment and output recovery across the 50 states.

 

The Rise and Fall of the Gold Standard in the United States

Jul 30, 2013 12:53 PM

There is, in informal discussions and even in some academic writings, a tendency to treat U.S. monetary history as divided between a gold standard past and a fiat dollar present. In truth, the legal meaning of a "standard" U.S. dollar has been contested, often hotly, throughout U.S. history, and a functioning (if not formally acknowledged) gold standard was in effect for less than a quarter of the full span of U.S. history.

 

Inside Higher Ed: Take 2 on For-Profit Earnings Study

Jul 26, 2013 02:05 PM

The final result is a toss-up in a study comparing how for-profit and nonprofit colleges stack up in job market returns of their certificates and associate degrees. That finding is a big shift from the unflattering conclusion about for-profits reached in an earlier version of the paper.

 

U.S. Prison Populations Decline, Reflecting New Approach to Crime

Jul 26, 2013 01:04 PM

The prison population in the United States dropped in 2012 for the third consecutive year, according to federal statistics released on Thursday, in what criminal justice experts said was the biggest decline in the nation’s recent history, signaling a shift away from an almost four-decade policy of mass imprisonment.

 

Abt's Low-Emission Development Work Highlighted in USAID Climate Change Bulletin

Jul 25, 2013 02:10 PM

The Mekong Delta is home to much of the country’s rice cultivation, which accounts for almost 40 percent of the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. As the amount of carbon dioxide in the air increases and temperatures rise, microscopic organisms in rice paddies produce more methane – a potent contributor to global warming and rising ocean levels. The Abt Associates-led, USAID-funded AILEG project is working with the government of Vietnam to reduce or mitigate their GHG emissions.

 

MDRC Selected to Implement and Evaluate Earned Income Tax Credit Expansion in New York City

Jul 25, 2013 12:59 PM

The New York City Center for Economic Opportunity has selected MDRC to implement and evaluate a pilot program to expand the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) for low-income single workers without dependent children, with the goal of increasing employment and earnings. The $11-million, four-year pilot will offer up to $2,000 a year over a three-year period to participants with earnings up to $26,800 per year, with the maximum payment being made to those with earnings between $6,667 and $14,300.

 

The United States and R2P: From Words to Action

Jul 24, 2013 01:09 PM

This report by Madeleine K. Albright and Richard S. Williamson examines the responsibility to protect (R2P), the emerging political norm that aims to protect civilians from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity by preventing them from taking place or taking remedial action when necessary.

 

Brookings: Twenty Years of U.S. Economic Assistance to Eastern Europe and Eurasia

Jul 23, 2013 01:09 PM

The Bureau for Europe and Eurasia at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) released a report that assesses the record of USAID assistance for economic transformation to the region and focuses particularly on lessons learned.

 

OPRE: Overview of Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants Supportive Services

Jul 19, 2013 02:35 PM

This brief discusses the academic and social supportive services that students in the Tribal HPOG program are receiving to support their participation, retention and advancement in their trainings. It provides an overview of Tribal HPOG and the supportive services offered; how supportive services meet students’ needs; and promising approaches in delivering supportive services. The brief is part of a series of briefs being developed by the Tribal HPOG evaluation team.

 

CBO: The Economic Impact of S. 744

Jul 17, 2013 12:54 PM

The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744) would revise laws governing immigration and the enforcement of those laws, allowing for a significant increase in the number of noncitizens who could lawfully enter the United States permanently or temporarily. The CBO and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) have prepared an estimate of the cost of that legislation to the federal government.

 

Urban Institute: The ACA's Employer Mandate Has Far Less Effect on Coverage and Costs Than the Individual Mandate

Jul 16, 2013 01:10 PM

Our analysis shows that the ACA can achieve all its major objectives without the employer mandate. Conversely, the individual mandate is a central component of the law and its coverage expansion.

 

Evaluating the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation's Strategies for Youth Transitioning Out of Foster Care

Jul 11, 2013 12:16 PM

How successful are youth in transitioning out of foster care? Westat is evaluating the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation's strategies for foster youth aging out of child welfare systems in New York City and Los Angeles County. The study is being conducted in partnership with the University of California, Los Angeles, Luskin School of Public Affairs, and Hunter College Silberman School of Social Work.

 

Exploring Health Data in Metro Atlanta and Beyond

Jul 10, 2013 01:13 PM

This Regional Snapshot looks at a variety of data for metro Atlanta and the State to help put public health in context. Socioeconomics and demographics play profound roles in how healthy we are, and this research explores these links. Using data from the recently-released County Health Rankings and from the Georgia Department of Public Health, we explore how healthy metro Atlanta counties are in relation to the rest of the state.

 

EPI: Low Churn Underscores Weakness of the Labor Market

Jul 10, 2013 01:11 PM

The May Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) released yesterday by the Bureau of Labor Statistics provides an important picture of economic health (or lack thereof) in key areas.

 

Brookings: Vital Statistics on Congress

Jul 10, 2013 01:01 PM

For more than three decades, Vital Statistics on Congress, a joint effort undertaken by Norm Ornstein of the American Enterprise Institute and Tom Mann of Brookings, in collaboration with Michael Malbin of the Campaign Finance Institute, has been a go-to reference guide for Congressional watchers for impartial data on Congress and its members. It's been updated. This new interactive format allows us to update and correct the data more frequently and make it accessible to anyone.

 
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Brookings Panel Evaluates Homebuyer Tax Credit Programs

Jul 09, 2013 05:12 PM

At a recent forum held by the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, the results of an in-depth study of the federal homebuyer tax credit (HTC) and complementary state-level initiatives was released. Dynan, Gayer, and Plotkin’s research looked at how various federal programs were structured and, based on their features, what effects one would expect on the economy.

 
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Call for 2013 APPAM Policy Council and Officer Nominations

The Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management is soliciting its members for nominations to the APPAM Policy Council and for the positions of APPAM President-elect, Vice-President, and Secretary. All terms will begin in 2014.

 

IMPAQ Research Reveals Medicare Payments Increase Significantly With Number of Chronic Conditions

Jul 09, 2013 12:59 PM

A recent study conducted by IMPAQ International, a premier research, evaluation, and technical assistance firm, revealed that chronic conditions have a dramatic impact on Medicare spending. According to the study, beneficiaries with two or more chronic conditions account for 86 percent of total Part A payments and 70 percent of total Part B payments, respectively, although they comprise only 36 percent of Part A, and 41 percent of Part B enrollment.

 

Native Youth Address Polices that Affect Their Lives

Jul 09, 2013 12:26 PM

The National Museum of the American Indian welcomed a group of students from the Summer Policy Academy II, a program of the Santa Fe Indian School Leadership Institute. SPA II gives students the opportunity to travel to Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs to research and write policy papers on issues that affect their Native communities. Students are admitted into the program based on nomination by leaders in their communities.

 

The Import of the CREDO Charter School Study

Jul 08, 2013 12:38 PM

The new national charter school study by Stanford's Center for Research on Education Outcomes (CREDO) has attracted enormous, well-deserved attention. It provides by far the most comprehensive look to date at charter school outcomes. Representing a heroic effort to wrestle with the enormous complexities of studying charter school performance across more than two dozen states, the CREDO team has drawn notice for its remarkable effort and even-handed presentation of the data.

 

Digital start-ups: What to do when the grants dry up

Jul 05, 2013 01:14 PM

Latin America has a vibrant range of online news organizations, reporting on everything from drug trafficking to the latest developments in science. Some have long histories of producing exceptional content but financial realities are starting to catch up with them as grant funding becomes harder to find.

 

Brookings: Does the Unemployment Rate Mask Today’s Job Market Hardship?

Jul 03, 2013 12:37 PM

For the past 3 months the unemployment rate has remained stuck between 7.5% and 7.6%. This is more than half again higher than the unemployment rate at the end of 2007, the last time the job market was at or near full employment. In other words, the recent unemployment rate is between 2.5 and 3.0 percentage points above the level we should expect at full employment.

 
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2013 Fall Research Conference Next Steps: The Program Selection Process is Complete

Jul 03, 2013 12:11 PM

We completed the extremely difficult task of choosing among extremely high quality proposals to construct a fall conference program that promises an intellectually stimulating and challenging three days. The work to develop the program was bittersweet. While final sessions for the conference will be extraordinary, there also were proposals we had to reject due to space constraints. This was an extremely difficult task.

 

MDRC: WorkAdvance

Jul 02, 2013 01:16 PM

Even in good economic times, many low-income, low-skilled adults in the United States have difficulty obtaining jobs that pay enough to support their families and advancing in the labor market. Individuals with no more than a high school education have seen their wages remain flat in real terms for decades, and their employment is often unsteady. Although training programs abound, many low-income individuals cannot afford them, do not complete them, or do not obtain a marketable credential.