Monday, May 14, 2018

Leaning On and Learning From Our Sister Associations | APPAM Leadership Blog Series

As an applied microeconomist who studies the causes and consequences of a range of public policies, I have always felt like APPAM is my primary intellectual home. Part of this fondness goes back to my first experiences at the Fall Research Conferences in the early 2000's. A core group of scholars studying policy issues related to sexual minorities would organize a research session each year. Relative to those first few years of mostly empty rooms, we have come a long way.

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Paying for Happiness: Experimental Results from a Large Cash Transfer Program in Malawi | JPAM Featured Article

Apr 23, 2018 07:02 PM

Cash transfer policies have become an immensely popular social protection strategy across low and middle-income countries over the last couple of decades with recent adoption particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa. This article examines the causal effect of national cash transfer program in Malawi on the subjective well-being of household caregivers. Results reveal that the income from the program can have a profound impact on caregiver subjective well-being.

 
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The Internal and External Validity of the Regression Discontinuity Design: A Meta-Analysis of 15 Within-Study-Comparisons | JPAM Featured Article

Mar 14, 2018 07:02 PM

Regression discontinuity (RD) is generally acknowledged as the most rigorous non-experimental method for obtaining internally valid impact estimates. The study tests the efficacy of RD by comparing RD causal estimates at the treatment cutoff to those from Randomized Control Trials also estimated at this same cutoff. The study identifies 15 previously completed within-study-comparisons that explicitly examined this issue by assuming the RCT results are unbiased and comparing them to RD results.

 
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The Effects of Federal Adoption Incentive Awards for Older Children on Adoptions from U.S. Foster Care | JPAM Featured Article

Feb 13, 2018 04:02 PM

When children in foster care cannot be reunified with their parents, adoption is considered a better option for permanent placement over long-term foster care. The federal Adoption Incentives program was established in 1997 to provide annual performance bonuses to states for increases in adoptions from U.S. foster care. This paper uses changes to the Adoption Incentives program in 2003 and 2008 to analyze states’ responses to the federal performance bonuses.

 
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Breaking Habits: The Effect of the French Vending Machine Ban on School Snacking and Sugar Intakes | JPAM Featured Article

Jan 12, 2018 04:02 PM

There is consistent evidence showing that food and drinks sold from vending machines (VMs) have on average a higher energy-density, and access to VMs in schools has been associated with unhealthy diets and excess weight in children. From September 2005, the French government has banned VMs from all middle and secondary schools. This paper evaluates the impact of the ban on the nutrient intakes and school snack frequency of schoolchildren, and consider intakes from out-of-school meals.

 
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Can Financial Aid Help to Address the Growing Need for STEM Education? | JPAM Featured Article

Dec 18, 2017 04:02 PM

Although workers in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields earn above-average wages, the number of college graduates prepared for STEM jobs lags behind employer demand. A key question is how to increase educational investments and degree completion in STEM, especially for low-income and minority students. Castleman, Long, and Mabel examine a potentially overlooked barrier to STEM attainment in college: the financial cost to pursuing study in STEM courses and majors.

 
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Does Paid Family Leave Reduce Nursing Home Use? The California Experience | JPAM Featured Article

Dec 05, 2017 06:43 PM

Paid family leave (PFL) is intended to make it financially easier for eligible workers to take time off to care for young children or seriously ill family members. Concurrently, the receipt of informal care from family members has been shown to lower the probability of institutionalization among elderly Americans. This raises an important question: Do PFL policies influence nursing home use among older adults?

 
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The Impact of Incentives to Recruit and Retain Teachers in “Hard-to-Staff” Subjects | JPAM Featured Article

Public school teachers are typically paid according to their education level and years of experience, with no differentiation by subject. Given resistance among teachers and unions to explicit pay differentials, states and school districts have frequently sought to mitigate subject-specific shortages by enhancing non-salary compensation, such as educational subsidies. This study estimates the causal impact of loan forgiveness and bonuses on retention of teachers in Florida public schools.

 
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JPAM Finds a New Home at American University

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) will move to it’s new home at the American University School of Public Affairs in July 2018. Erdal Tekin will assume the role of Editor-in-Chief. “Professor Tekin has excellent credentials for serving as JPAM’s Editor-in-Chief,” wrote the JPAM Selection Committee. “He is a first-rate academic with a long record of scholarly contributions in the areas of health and demographic economics.”

 
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JPAM Announces 2017 Raymond Vernon Memorial Award Winners

Oct 11, 2017 07:15 PM

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is pleased to announce the winners of this year’s Raymond Vernon Memorial Award: Lauren Jones, The Ohio State University, and Nicolas Ziebarth, Cornell University for their paper “U.S. Child Safety Seat Laws: Are They Effective and Who Complies?” The paper was first published in the Summer 2017, Volume 36, issue of JPAM.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Scraping By: Income and Program Participation After the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits

Aug 17, 2017 07:17 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Using Preferred Applicant Random Assignment (PARA) to Reduce Randomization Bias in Randomized Trials of Discretionary Programs

Jun 20, 2017 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Do Higher Minimum Wages Benefit Health? Evidence from the UK

May 25, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Point/Counterpoint Articles: Stop & Frisk (G. Ridgeway)

May 23, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Point/Counterpoint Articles: Stop & Frisk (J. Fagan)

May 23, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Accepting Proposals for New Editorial Home

May 10, 2017 04:00 PM

APPAM is seeking proposals from institutions interested in becoming the editorial home for its flagship journal, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, for a five-year period beginning in July 2018. Kenneth Couch, the current JPAM Editor, will step down from the Editor role in 2018.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: U.S. Child Safety Seat Laws: Are they Effective, and Who Complies?

Apr 19, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Impact of Prenatal Exposure to Power Plant Emissions on Birth Weight: Evidence from a Pennsylvania Power Plant Located Upwind of New Jersey"

Mar 22, 2017 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Presidential Prescriptions for State Policy: Obama's Race to the Top Initiative"

Mar 08, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Comparing Inference Approaches for RD Designs: A Reexamination of the Effect of Head Start on Child Mortality"

Feb 08, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "On Measuring and Reducing Selection Bias with a Quasi-Doubly Randomized Preference Trial"

Jan 25, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Impact of Health Insurance on Preventive Care and Health Behaviors: Evidence from the First Two Years of the ACA Medicaid Expansions"

Jan 05, 2017 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "College Enrollment and Completion Among Nationally Recognized High-Achieving Hispanic Students"

Nov 09, 2016 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Policy Reform and the Problem of Private Investment: Evidence from the Power Sector"

Nov 02, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Early Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage in Medicaid Expansion and Non-Expansion States"

Oct 26, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Supplying Disadvantaged Schools with Effective Teachers: Experimental Evidence on Secondary Math Teachers from Teach For America"

Oct 19, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Effect of the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act of 1998 on Rewarded and Unrewarded Performance Goals"

Oct 12, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Early Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage in Medicaid Expansion and Non-Expansion States"

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Announces 2016 Raymond Vernon Memorial Award Winner

Oct 11, 2016 08:15 PM

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is pleased to announce that the winner of this year’s Raymond Vernon Memorial Award is Kerri Raissian of the University of Connecticut Department of Public Policy for her paper "Hold Your Fire: Did the 1996 Federal Gun Control Act Expansion Reduce Domestic Homicides?" The paper was first published in the Winter 2016 issue of JPAM.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Pass-Through of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages to Retail Prices: The Case of Berkeley, California"

Oct 04, 2016 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "Testing the School-to-Prison Pipeline"

Sep 19, 2016 04:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: "The Effect of the Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion on Migration"

Sep 12, 2016 04:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation

Aug 11, 2016 01:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Call for Papers: Evaluation of the Affordable Care Act

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) invites the submission of manuscripts to be published either individually or in a series of symposiums in forthcoming issues on the “Evaluation of the Affordable Care Act” depending on the volume of submissions.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Connections Matter: How Interactive Peers Affect Students in Online College Courses

Jun 27, 2016 06:45 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Explaining the Consequences of Imprisonment for Union Formation and Dissolution in Denmark

Jun 14, 2016 08:08 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: How Do Nonprofits Respond to Regulatory Thresholds: Evidence from New York's Audit Requirements

Jun 07, 2016 07:22 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of Breakfast in the Classroom on Obesity and Academic Performance: Evidence from New York City

Jun 02, 2016 02:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Can Social-Emotional Learning Reduce School Dropout in Developing Countries

May 20, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Performance Standards and Employee Effort: Evidence from Teacher Absences

May 19, 2016 01:00 AM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Reading For Life and Adolescent Re-Arrest: Evaluating a Unique Juvenile Diversion Program

May 18, 2016 08:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Broadening Benefits from Natural Resource Extraction: Housing Values and Taxation of Natural Gas Wells as Property

May 17, 2016 12:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Big Data and Public Policy

May 16, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Do School Report Cards Produce Accountability Through the Ballot Box?

May 16, 2016 04:05 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Charter High Schools’ Effects

Mar 29, 2016 02:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Public and Private Production

Mar 22, 2016 03:00 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: Performance Standards and Employee Effort

Mar 15, 2016 08:53 PM

As part of our ongoing effort to promote JPAM authors to the APPAM membership and the public policy world at large, we are asking JPAM authors to answer a few questions to promote their research article on the APPAM website.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of English Language Learner Reclassification

Mar 08, 2016 02:53 PM

"The Effect of English Language Learner Reclassification on Student ACT Scores, High School Graduation, and Postsecondary Enrollment: Regression Discontinuity Evidence From Wisconsin."

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Effect of Nighttime Driving Restrictions on Teens

Feb 29, 2016 07:30 PM

We are both researchers with a deep interest in the effects, both intended and unintended, of policy interventions, particularly those relating to issues of criminal justice.  Having been personally exposed to GDL through family and friends, the hypothesized effects of the policy on crime seemed natural and important to us.

 
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JPAM Featured Article: The Social and Productive Impacts of Zambia's Child Grant

Accumulated evidence from dozens of cash transfer programs across the world suggest that there are few interventions that can match the range of impacts and cost-effectiveness of a small, predictable monetary transfer to poor families in developing countries. However, individual published impact assessments typically focus on only one program and one outcome. This article presents two-year impacts of the Zambian Government’s Child Grant.

 
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Regulating Internalities

May 05, 2015 07:52 PM

It is well-established that governments can increase welfare by providing public goods and addressing market failures such as externalities, asymmetric information, and market power. In practice, governments also regulate to address “internalities”—that is, costs we impose on ourselves by taking actions that are not in our own best interest. Such “paternalistic” regulation brings up a series of important questions. In what settings should the government intervene at all?

 
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JPAM Early View: Prevention, Use of Health Services, and Genes: Implications of Genetics for Policy Formation

Apr 30, 2015 08:18 PM

In this article authors George Wehby, Benjamin W. Domingue and Jason D. Boardman evaluate the hypothesis that genetic factors influence the use of health services and prevention behaviors in a national sample of adult twins in the United States.

 
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Counterpoint to Six Potential Arguments Against Regulating Internalities

Apr 20, 2015 08:43 PM

Here we consider six potential counter-arguments to our paper, “Regulating Internalities.” This is a general rebuttal, not a specific counter-argument against Dudley and Mannix (2015), which appears in this same edition; but we believe that the arguments that we rebut include the major claims set out in that paper.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: The Limits of Irrationality as a Rationale for Regulation

Apr 20, 2015 08:20 PM

James Madison was speaking of the structural checks on governmental power when he wrote those words, but it is worth recalling his advice when we contemplate the role of benefit-cost analysis as a check on the unconstrained exercise of the government’s regulatory powers, and the implications of the reality that people’s behavior, both in and out of government, sometimes falls short of what we might incorporate into an economic model or hope for in a perfect world.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Please Don't Regulate My Internalities

Apr 09, 2015 06:23 PM

Employing the Kaldor-Hicks criterion (Boardman, Greenberg, Vining, & Weimer, 2011, 32) benefit-cost analysis poses the question: “Would the people who support a particular policy be willing to pay an amount of money sufficient to induce all of those people who oppose that policy to change their votes and thereby achieve unanimous consent?”

 
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JPAM Early View: Waging War on Poverty: Poverty Trends Using a Historical Supplemental Poverty Measure

Using data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey and the March Current Population Survey, we provide poverty estimates for 1967 to 2012 based on a historical supplemental poverty measure (SPM). During this period, poverty, as officially measured, has stagnated. However, the official poverty measure (OPM) does not account for the effect of near-cash transfers on the financial resources available to families.​

 
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JPAM Early View: The Currents Beneath the "Rising Tide" of School Choice

THE CURRENTS BENEATH THE “RISING TIDE” OF SCHOOL CHOICE: AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENT ENROLLMENT FLOWS IN THE CHICAGO PUBLIC SCHOOLS

 
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Early View JPAM Articles Available

Jan 29, 2015 03:55 PM

Here are some links to Early View JPAM articles

 
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JPAM: Can Genetics Predict Response to Complex Behavioral Interventions?

Jan 07, 2015 03:02 PM

Some children are more sensitive to their environments, for better and worse, Duke researchers discover. Listen to a podcast, describing the study here, http://bit.ly/1tJA2xt

 
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Head Start Program Also Shown to be Beneficial for Parent’s Education

Oct 30, 2014 01:00 PM

Head Start is the oldest and largest federally-funded preschool program in the United States, currently serving more than one million children with almost $8 billion dollars appropriated annually. From its inception, Head Start not only provided early childhood education, care, and services for children, but also sought to promote parents’ engagement in their children’s schooling, their childrearing skills, and their own educational progress.

 
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APPAM Welcomes New JPAM Editorial Board Members

Oct 16, 2014 01:00 PM

APPAM and JPAM welcome the following new additions to the Journal's editorial board.

 
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JPAM Awards 2014 Vernon Memorial Prize

Oct 15, 2014 01:00 PM

The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM) is pleased to announce that the winners of this year’s Vernon Memorial Award are Tal Gross, Columbia University; Jeanne Lafortune, Instituto de Economía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; and Corinne Low, Columbia University for their paper "What Happens the Morning After? The Costs and Benefits of Expanding Access to Emergency Contraception." The paper was first published in the Winter 2014 issue of JPAM.

 
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The Minimum Wage Debate: Takeaways

Sep 18, 2014 01:00 PM

For the last two weeks, a debate on raising the minimum wage has been waged here between the author team of Jared Bernstein, Senior Fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and former Chief Economist to Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and Heidi Shierholz, Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Labor, and Joseph J. Sabia, Associate Professor of Economics at San Diego State University.

 
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Counterpoint: Minimum Wage Policy

Sep 10, 2014 02:00 PM

As Congress returns to its duties this fall, one of the current debates they'll continue to address is that of raising the minimum wage. The debate was sparked anew by a February 2014 Congressional Budget Office report, The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income. From this came two important questions: Would minimum wage legislation diminsh poverty? Are there other efficient alternatives to such legislation?

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Minimum Wage Policy

Sep 03, 2014 02:00 PM

In the Fall 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the current “hot button” topic of minimum wage is debated. Given the current controversy of the consequences of a minimum wage increase, as lately outlined in the February 2014 Congressional Budget Office report "The Effects of a Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income," two questions must be asked: Would minimum wage legislation diminish poverty? Are there efficient alternatives to this legislation?

 
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A Conceptual Framework for Studying the Sources of Variation in Program Effects

Aug 28, 2014 03:00 PM

Evaluations of public programs in many fields reveal that different types of programs—or different versions of the same program—vary in their effectiveness. Moreover, a program that is effective for one group of people might not be effective for other groups, and a program that is effective in one set of circumstances may not be effective in other circumstances.

 
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The Use and Efficacy of Capacity-Building Assistance for Low-Performing Districts

Aug 21, 2014 04:00 PM

The theory of action upon which high-stakes accountability policies are based calls for systemic reforms in educational systems that will emerge by pairing incentives for improvement with extensive and targeted technical assistance (TA) to build the capacity of low-performing schools and districts. ​

 
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Do Group Dynamics Influence Social Capital Gains Among Microfinance Clients?

Aug 14, 2014 02:30 PM

As an intrinsic part of the classic microfinance model, group meetings are intended to employ social capital to ensure timely repayment. Recent research suggests that more frequent meetings can increase social capital among first-time clients.

 
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Aviation Security, Risk Assessment, and Risk Aversion for Public Decisionmaking

Jul 31, 2014 02:00 PM

Authors Mark G. Stewart and John Mueller estimates risk reductions for each layer of security designed to prevent commercial passenger airliners from being commandeered by terrorists, kept under control for some time, and then crashed into specific targets. Probabilistic methods are used to characterize the uncertainty of rates of deterrence, detection, and disruption, as well as losses.

 
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What Works Best and When: Accounting for Multiple Sources of Pureselection Bias in Program Evaluations

Jul 24, 2014 01:00 PM

Most evaluations are still quasi-experimental and most recent quasi-experimental methodological research has focused on various types of propensity score matching to minimize conventional selection bias on observables. Although these methods create better-matched treatment and comparison groups on observables, the issue of selection on unobservables still looms large.

 
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Tax Code Knowledge and Behavioral Responses Among EITC Recipients: Policy Insights from Qualitative Data

Jul 17, 2014 01:00 PM

Authors Katharine Edin, Laura Tach, and Sarah Halpern-Meeking build on the robust quantitative literature on behavioral responses to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) by using in-depth qualitative interviews with 115 EITC recipients to examine how they understand and respond to its incentive structures regarding earnings, marriage, and childbearing. They found that respondents cannot predict how their EITC refund would change if they altered their labor supply or marital status.

 
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Student Age and the Collegiate Pathway

Jul 11, 2014 01:00 PM

Michael Hurwitz, Jonathan Smith, and Jessica S. Howell use a rich data set of all SAT takers from 2004 - 2008 to investigate the impact of state-specific school laws on students' pathways into and through college. The authors found that relatively younger students are more likely to attend two-year colleges before attending a four-year institution, among other discoveries in this Early View article from an upcoming issue of JPAM.

 
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Counterpoint: Response to Dr. Cawley

Jul 10, 2014 02:00 PM

A few weeks ago, we presented both sides of a discussion of the Affordable Care Act, where premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. Professor John Cawley followed up last week with his counterpoint to Morgan Downey's position paper. In this final counterpoint, Downey, Editor and Publisher of the Downey Obesity Report, presents his counter to Cawley's initial positional paper.

 
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Counterpoint: Incentives for Wellness

Jul 03, 2014 02:00 PM

Last week, we presented both sides of a discussion of the Affordable Care Act, where premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. This week, we present Professor John Cawley's counterpoint to Morgan Downey's paper, "The Doctor Is in Charge: How the ACA Puts the Employee's Physician in Charge of the Wellness Program." Next week will feature Downey's rebuttal to Cawley's initial paper.

 
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Professor Kenneth Couch Takes Editor Reins at JPAM

Jul 01, 2014 05:00 PM

Today APPAM welcomes Kenneth Couch, Professor at the University of Connecticut, as the new Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM). Starting July 1, the University of Connecticut is the JPAM's new institution of record for the next five years. JPAM is the leading journal in the field of public policy and public management.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Obesity and the Affordable Care Act

In the design of public policies, a basic issue often arises regarding the role of incentives versus other barriers in shaping behavior. Under the Affordable Care Act, premiums can be adjusted to create incentives for individuals to engage in healthier behaviors including weight loss. How the incentives may be designed under the Affordable Care Act, their appropriateness, and the likely impact is the focus of this Point/Counterpoint.

 
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Ten Commandments for Policy Economists

Jun 19, 2014 01:30 PM

This week, APPAM goes back 33 years to the inaugural issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. This article by Christopher K. Leman and Robert H. Nelson examines the use of economics in government as illustrated by the experience of the natural resources agencies and presents ten guiding rules for the practicing policy economist.

 
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Recent Trends in U.S. Income and Expenditure Poverty

Jun 12, 2014 02:00 PM

After many years of following similar trends, U.S. poverty rates measured by household spending in data from the U.S. Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) fell between 2000 and 2008, while poverty measured by income rose.

 
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Junk Food in Schools and Childhood Obesity

Jun 05, 2014 01:00 PM

Despite limited empirical evidence, there is growing concern that junk food availability in schools has contributed to the childhood obesity epidemic. In this Spring 2012 JPAM paper, Ashlesha Datar and Nancy Nicosia estimate the effects of junk food availability on body mass index (BMI), obesity, and related outcomes among a national sample of fifth graders.

 
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False Choices, Policy Framing, and the Promise of "Big Data"

May 29, 2014 03:00 PM

This week, APPAM looks back at Paul Decker's Presidential Address from the 2013 Fall Research Conference. His talk addresses the use of evidence in policymaking and public management—which are sometimes seen as separate. Decker, now Past-President of the Association, views them as strongly connected from the perspective of APPAM, and sees them as critical elements of the path forward for the organization.​

 
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The Art and Science of Scholarly Publishing

May 27, 2014 01:00 PM

JPAM Editor Maureen Pirog shares some key principles to keep in mind when pursuing publication of scholarly work. Over the years as editor, she has designed a top 10 list of things that prospective authors should and should not do if they want to publish their work. It is meant to be constructive, and hopefully, it will be useful for some people.

 
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Improving the Implementation and Effectiveness of Out-of-School-Time Tutoring

May 22, 2014 02:00 PM

School districts are spending millions on tutoring outside regular school day hours for economically and academically disadvantaged students in need of extra academic assistance. Under No Child Left Behind (NCLB), parents of children in persistently low-performing schools were allowed to choose their child's tutoring provider, and together with school districts, they were also primarily responsible for holding providers in the private market accountable for performance.

 
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Choice in a World of New School Types

May 15, 2014 05:00 PM

As school choice options have evolved over recent years, it is important to understand what family and school factors are associated with the enrollment decisions families make. Families do not choose a charter school because of its racial or ethnic composition, nor do race and ethnicity within a household influence its choice of charter schools.

 
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Does Universal Coverage Improve Health? The Massachusetts Experience

May 08, 2014 03:00 PM

In 2006, Massachusetts passed health care reform legislation designed to achieve nearly universal coverage through a combination of insurance market reforms, mandates, and subsidies that later served as the model for national reform. Using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we provide evidence that health care reform in Massachusetts led to better overall self-assessed health. Various robustness checks and placebo tests support a causal interpretation of the results.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: Legalization of Marijuana

May 01, 2014 01:34 PM

Longstanding arguments exist for legalization and regulation of the growth and possession of marijuana. States are taking the lead, again serving as engines of innovation on this policy issue. Some states have decriminalized the possession of small amounts of marijuana, while others have allowed for the production and use of medical marijuana. Two states, Colorado and Washington, have additionally legalized recreational use.

 
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High School Exit Exams and Dropout in an Era of Increased Accountability

Apr 24, 2014 03:00 PM

Authors Steven W. Hemelt and Dave E. Marcotte look at a key form of student-level accountability in the requirement for students to pass high school exit exams (HSEEs) in order to receive a diploma. Their paper, "High School Exit Exams and Dropout in an Era of Increased Accountability," published in the Spring 2013 issue of JPAM, examine the impact of HSEEs on dropout during a period when these exams became more common and rigorous.

 
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Family Business or Social Problem? The Cost of Unreported Domestic Violence

In "Family Business or Social Problem? The Cost of Unreported Domestic Violence," authors Scott E. Carrell and Mark Hoekstra find that although children exposed to as-yet-unreported domestic violence reduce the achievement of their classroom peers, these costs disappear completely once the parent reports the violence to the court.

 
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Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures?

Apr 10, 2014 04:00 PM

In this week's featured JPAM article, authors Mark Duggan and Tamara Hayford examine whether the shift from fee-for-service into managed care leads to an increase or reduction in Medicaid spending. "Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures? Evidence from State and Local-Level Mandates" was published in the Summer 2013 issue of JPAM.

 
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APPAM to Sponsor Sessions at 11th Annual WEAI Conference

Apr 08, 2014 02:30 PM

APPAM is sponsoring several conference sessions at next year’s Western Economic Association International’s (WEAI) Pacific Rim Conference. Maureen Pirog, Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, is requesting papers from APPAM members and will be organizing the sessions. The four-day conference will be held January 8 – 11, 2015, in Wellington, New Zealand and is hosted by Victoria University of Wellington and Massey University.

 
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Spillover Effects of Voluntary Environmental Programs on Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Lessons from Mexico

Featured in the Spring 2013 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Research, Irene Henriques, Bryan Husted, and Ivan Monteil compare the environmental performance of voluntary environmental programs with different attributes.

 
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The Effect of Mandatory Seat Belt Laws on Seat Belt Use by Socioeconomic Position

Mar 27, 2014 05:30 PM

In this paper, published in the Winter 2014 JPAM, the authors identified the differential effect of legislation across higher versus lower education individuals. They found strong effects of mandatory seat belt laws for all education groups, with a stronger effect for those with fewer years of education. Additionally, the authors found that the differential effect by education is larger for mandatory seat belt laws with primary rather than secondary enforcement.

 

What happens when the government tries to help poor people move to better neighborhoods?

Mar 27, 2014 12:00 PM

For about 40 years now, since the beginning of the end of the era of the high-rise public housing project, government programs have been experimenting with a different idea to alleviate poverty: If we can’t easily change poor neighborhoods, let poor people move out of them instead. Give them vouchers to rent homes on the private market, theoretically outside of the ghetto. This article heavily references an upcoming JPAM paper by members DeLuca and Darrah.

 

BlueJC: post-publication peer review for an international network

Mar 21, 2014 01:41 PM

BlueJC currently uses BJOG journal club resources to host an online journal club on the last Wednesday of every month, with the discussion open for a week. So far, all discussions have been held on Twitter, tracked with #BlueJC.

 
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Point/Counterpoint: China’s One-Child Policy

Mar 20, 2014 06:00 PM

China embarked on a national campaign of family planning in the 1970s after concerns regarding the carrying capacity of its national resources. By 1980, a policy that encouraged families to have only one child was in place along with contraceptive measures and penalties for noncompliance. Some aspects of these policies cut against the idea that reproductive choices should be made freely.

 
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Technical Management in an Age of Openness: The Political, Public, and Environmental Forest Ranger

Mar 13, 2014 03:00 PM

In this paper by Sarah E. Anderson, Heather E. Hodges, and Terry L. Anderson, published in the Summer 2013 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, the authors look at the trade-offs in modern bureaucracy between public and congressional input and agency expertise.

 
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Strategic Involuntary Teacher Transfers and Teacher Performance: Examining Equity and Efficiency

Mar 05, 2014 02:00 PM

In the Winter 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, authors Jason A. Grissom, Susanna Loeb, and Nathaniel A. Nakashima examine the implementation and effects of a Miami school district's involuntary transfer policy for teachers. Despite claims that school districts need flexibility in teacher assignment to allocate teachers more equitably across schools and improve district performance, the power to involuntarily transfer teachers across schools remains hotly contested.

 
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Wiley Announces New Anywhere Article Functionality for JPAM

Mar 04, 2014 06:14 PM

Wiley recently announced their Anywhere Article update to their online library, where APPAM members can read current and past articles published in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. The new functionality operates on any reading device, be it desktop, tablet, or smartphone. The responsive web design delivers elegance and utility on every page.

 
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Kenneth Couch Selected as Next Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

Jan 08, 2014 02:09 PM

APPAM has selected Kenneth Couch, Professor at the University of Connecticut, as the next Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM). The University of Connecticut will be the institution of record for the Journal during Couch’s five-year term, which will begin in July. JPAM is the leading journal in the field of public policy and public management.

 
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Preview the Winter JPAM

Preview the articles found in the Winter 2014 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.​

 
 
Results: 98 Articles found.
 
 
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