Friday, September 7, 2018

Are There Hidden Costs Associated with Conducting Layoffs? The Impact of Reduction-in-Force and Layoff Notices on Teacher Effectiveness | JPAM Featured Article

The Great Recession of 2008 led to widespread layoffs in both the public and private sectors. While there is a literature of empirical work that shows the direct costs of such employment reductions, there is little work that examines the less obvious consequences associated with layoffs and the process through which layoffs occur. The authors show that the negative impacts of the layoff process on teacher productivity are driven by the process’ effects on teachers’ job commitment.

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Opportunity Mapping: A Conceptual Analysis and Application to the Baltimore Metropolitan Area

April 21, 2014 10:00 AM

With encouragement and assistance from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, many local governments and metropolitan coalitions are mapping opportunity to inform the development of regional sustainable communities plans. In this week's Online Paper Collection featured work, authors Chao Liu, Eli Knaap, and Gerrit-Jan Knaap, from the University of Maryland, examine the notion that the neighborhood in which a person lives shapes their social and economic opportunities is not new, but how opportunity is to be measured, displayed, and used to guide policy decision making remains under examined.

In this paper, the authors conduct an examination using data from the Baltimore metropolitan area, specifically the conceptual foundations and standard analysis framework of opportunity mapping developed by the Kirwan Institute. The results are presented from an opportunity mapping analysis conducted in the Balitmore region as part of a regional Sustainability Planning effort.

Download the full paper [PDF]

 

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