Tuesday, July 23, 2019

JPAM Closer Look Author Interview: Christian Gregory and Travis Smith on Salience, Food Security, and SNAP Receipt

Household food insecurity status in the United States is ascertained by a battery of closed-ended questions. The authors, Christian A. Gregory and Travis A. Smith, posit that the monthly nature of benefit receipt from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) creates experiences of food hardship, which become salient in the context of SNAP receipt, and, in turn, exert influence on the response to food security questions.

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The Role of Contraception in Preventing Abortion, Nonmarital Childbearing, and Child Poverty

April 14, 2014 10:00 AM

This week's featured paper from our Online Paper Collection is by Quentin Karpilow, Brookings Institution; Jennifer Manlove, Child Trends; Isabel Sawhill, Brookings Institution; and Adam Thomas, Georgetown University. The Role of Contraception in Preventing Abortion, Nonmarital Childbearing, and Child Poverty was presented at the session Strategies for Preventing Teen Pregnancy at the 2013 Fall Research Conference.

The authors simulate the effects of changes in contraceptive bhavior among unmarried young women and men on rates of nonmarital childbearing, abortion, and child poverty. These simluations are motivated by previous studies showing, first, that disadvantaged women are disproportionately likely to experience unplanned and nonmarital pregnancies. Secondly, many individuals at risk of unintended pregnancy do not use contraception or do not use it consitently and correctly.

The authors concluded that increases in contraceptive use among non-contraceptors and improvements in the consistency and correctness of contraceptive use among existing contraceptors both represent promising and potentially cost-effective avenues for reducing the incidences of abortion, nonmarital childbearing, and child poverty.

Read the entire paper [PDF]

 

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