Thursday, November 17, 2016

2017 APPAM Regional Student Conferences

APPAM will host two regional student conferences in 2017. The DC Regional Student Conference will be held on April 7th - 8th, 2016 at George Mason University in Arlington, VA. The California Regional Student Conference will be held on April 9th - 10th at the University of California Riverside in Riverside, CA. During these conferences, students will present research across a wide variety of policy areas, through poster sessions and on conference panels with their peers.

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What's Inside the Fall 2012 JPAM

October 1, 2012 01:00 PM

A quick summary of articles found in the Fall 2012 issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

 

The Effect of Media on Charitable Giving and Volunteering: Evidence from the “Give Five” Campaign
Barış K. Yörük

donation_boxAlthough professional fundraisers believe that media exposure of charitable causes facilitates giving and volunteering, the causal effect of media campaigns on charitable behavior is mostly unknown. The author investigates the impace of the national "Give Five" media fundraising campaign (GFC) on charitable contributions of time and money.

Who Benefits from KIPP?
Joshua D. Angrist, Susan M. Dynarski, Thomas J. Kane, Parag A. Pathak, and Christopher R. Walters

city_on_a_hill_charter_schoolThe question of whether charter schools boos academic achievement, and what types of students benefit most from charter attendance, remains controversial. One of the widely replicated charter models, a school in the Knowledge is Power Program charter management organization, is evaluated by the authors.
 

Family Business or Social Problem? The Cost of Unreported Domestic Violence
Scott E. Carrell and Mark Hoekstra

cuffs6There is a general consensus that domestic violence imposes significant costs on its victims. The Center ofr Disease Control and Prevention estimates that adult women abused by their partners incur $4.1 billion per year in direct costs for medical and mental health care, in addition to lost productivity and psychological costs. As a result, much of the policy attention on domestic violence is focused specifically on encouraging victims to report to authorities so a combination of empowerment and legal interventions will help eliminate the violence. In this study, the authors show that social costs of domestic violence are much larger than those incurred solely by the direct victims.

Brown Fades: The End of Court-Ordered School Desegregation and the Resegregation of American Public Schools
Sean F. Reardon, Elena Tej Grewal, Demetra Kalogrides, and Erica Greenberg

segregationThe U.S. Supreme Court's unanimous 1954 decision in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case was intended to eliminate de jure school segregation. Over the last 15 years, several hundred school districts have been released from court-ordered desegregation plans, a process facilitated by three Supreme Court decisions in the early 1990s. Today, fewer than half of the school districts subject to court-ordered desgregation remain under court oversight. The authors examine trends in school segregation levels before and after the end of court-ordered desgregation in several hundred school districts. The results indicate that school districts become steadily more racially segregated and that the legacy of Brown is fading as active court oversight ends.

Policy Retrospectives

Natalist Policies in the United States
Leonard M. Lopoo and Kerri M. Raissian

natalDespite the absence of one overarching, explicitly stated population policy, the United States has many public policies that theoretically should affect fertility. Severl of them, such as Title X of teh 1970 Public Health Service Act, are explicit in their intention to allow women to gain greater control of their childbearing. Natalist policies and legal decisions over the years are the subject of this policy retrospective.

Point/Counterpoint

immigrationConcerns about the impacts of immigrants on domestic workers and social cohesion have a long history in the United States. Those concerns originated from our dependence on immigration for teh economic development of the country. More recently, they have been fueled by a shift in the deomgraphic composition of immigrants toward less educated people of non-European descent. In this Point/Counterpoint, the following questions were asked:

  • What factors drive popular concerns regarding immigration, documented and undocumented?
  • Do you think these concerns are well-founded?
  • What can be learned from recent initiatives and laws at the state and federal levels that impact immigration?
  • What reforms would you suggest for federal immigration policy?

The Economics of U.S. Immigration Policy
Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny

The economic gains from immigration are much like those from international trade: the economy benefits overall from immigration, but there are distributional effects that create both winners and losers. Immigration is differenct from trade in that the physical presence of the people who provide the goods and services that drive the economic gains also raises other issues, such as whether immigrants are a fiscal drain.

The Elusive Goal: The Quest for a Credible Immigration Policy
Vernon M. Briggs Jr.

For more than 30 years, the United States has unsuccessfully struggled to reform its often maligned and massively abused immigration policies. Matters went away following the passage of the Immigration Acto f 1965. There were unexpected consequences. Intended to remove the overtly discriminatory features of the "national origins" admissions systems in place, the legislation inadvertently ushered in the return of mass immigration.

Credible Immigration Policy Reform: A Response to Briggs
Pia M. Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny

Reply to Orrenius and Zavodny
Vernon M. Briggs Jr.

Book Review

Kids First: Five Big Ideas for Transforming Children's Lives and America's Future, by David L. Kirp; Providing a Sure Start: How Government Discovered Early Childhood, by Naomi Eisenstadt; Finnish Lessons: What Can the World Learn from Educational Change in Finland, by Pasi Sahlberg
Review by Jane Waldfogel

 

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