Friday, September 7, 2018

Are There Hidden Costs Associated with Conducting Layoffs? The Impact of Reduction-in-Force and Layoff Notices on Teacher Effectiveness | JPAM Featured Article

The Great Recession of 2008 led to widespread layoffs in both the public and private sectors. While there is a literature of empirical work that shows the direct costs of such employment reductions, there is little work that examines the less obvious consequences associated with layoffs and the process through which layoffs occur. The authors show that the negative impacts of the layoff process on teacher productivity are driven by the process’ effects on teachers’ job commitment.

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Results: 79 Articles found.
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Are There Hidden Costs Associated with Conducting Layoffs? The Impact of Reduction-in-Force and Layoff Notices on Teacher Effectiveness | JPAM Featured Article

Sep 07, 2018 05:02 PM

The Great Recession of 2008 led to widespread layoffs in both the public and private sectors. While there is a literature of empirical work that shows the direct costs of such employment reductions, there is little work that examines the less obvious consequences associated with layoffs and the process through which layoffs occur. The authors show that the negative impacts of the layoff process on teacher productivity are driven by the process’ effects on teachers’ job commitment.

 
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Paying for Happiness: Experimental Results from a Large Cash Transfer Program in Malawi | JPAM Featured Article

Apr 23, 2018 07:02 PM

Cash transfer policies have become an immensely popular social protection strategy across low and middle-income countries over the last couple of decades with recent adoption particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa. This article examines the causal effect of national cash transfer program in Malawi on the subjective well-being of household caregivers. Results reveal that the income from the program can have a profound impact on caregiver subjective well-being.

 
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The Internal and External Validity of the Regression Discontinuity Design: A Meta-Analysis of 15 Within-Study-Comparisons | JPAM Featured Article

Mar 14, 2018 07:02 PM

Regression discontinuity (RD) is generally acknowledged as the most rigorous non-experimental method for obtaining internally valid impact estimates. The study tests the efficacy of RD by comparing RD causal estimates at the treatment cutoff to those from Randomized Control Trials also estimated at this same cutoff. The study identifies 15 previously completed within-study-comparisons that explicitly examined this issue by assuming the RCT results are unbiased and comparing them to RD results.

 
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The Effects of Federal Adoption Incentive Awards for Older Children on Adoptions from U.S. Foster Care | JPAM Featured Article

Feb 13, 2018 04:02 PM

When children in foster care cannot be reunified with their parents, adoption is considered a better option for permanent placement over long-term foster care. The federal Adoption Incentives program was established in 1997 to provide annual performance bonuses to states for increases in adoptions from U.S. foster care. This paper uses changes to the Adoption Incentives program in 2003 and 2008 to analyze states’ responses to the federal performance bonuses.

 
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Breaking Habits: The Effect of the French Vending Machine Ban on School Snacking and Sugar Intakes | JPAM Featured Article

Jan 12, 2018 04:02 PM

There is consistent evidence showing that food and drinks sold from vending machines (VMs) have on average a higher energy-density, and access to VMs in schools has been associated with unhealthy diets and excess weight in children. From September 2005, the French government has banned VMs from all middle and secondary schools. This paper evaluates the impact of the ban on the nutrient intakes and school snack frequency of schoolchildren, and consider intakes from out-of-school meals.

 
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Can Financial Aid Help to Address the Growing Need for STEM Education? | JPAM Featured Article

Dec 18, 2017 04:02 PM

Although workers in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields earn above-average wages, the number of college graduates prepared for STEM jobs lags behind employer demand. A key question is how to increase educational investments and degree completion in STEM, especially for low-income and minority students. Castleman, Long, and Mabel examine a potentially overlooked barrier to STEM attainment in college: the financial cost to pursuing study in STEM courses and majors.

 
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Does Paid Family Leave Reduce Nursing Home Use? The California Experience | JPAM Featured Article

Dec 05, 2017 06:43 PM

Paid family leave (PFL) is intended to make it financially easier for eligible workers to take time off to care for young children or seriously ill family members. Concurrently, the receipt of informal care from family members has been shown to lower the probability of institutionalization among elderly Americans. This raises an important question: Do PFL policies influence nursing home use among older adults?

 
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The Impact of Incentives to Recruit and Retain Teachers in “Hard-to-Staff” Subjects | JPAM Featured Article

Public school teachers are typically paid according to their education level and years of experience, with no differentiation by subject. Given resistance among teachers and unions to explicit pay differentials, states and school districts have frequently sought to mitigate subject-specific shortages by enhancing non-salary compensation, such as educational subsidies. This study estimates the causal impact of loan forgiveness and bonuses on retention of teachers in Florida public schools.

 
NickHart

Interview with Nick Hart: New Evidence-Based Policymaking Initiative

The Bipartisan Policy Center’s Evidence-Based Policymaking Initiative is designed to continue and expand the work of the U.S. Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking, which outlined a vision that rigorous evidence can be created efficiently as a routine part of government operations. In turn, this evidence can be used to construct effective policy.

 
podcast

The Wonk, Episode 3: The Public Policy Job Market 101

Oct 03, 2017 07:40 PM

'Tis the season of the public policy PhD job market! Join Menbere Shiferaw, PhD Candidate at the NYU Wagner School, and Ingrid Gould Ellen, Professor at the NYU Wager School, as they dive into the incredibly diverse policy job market. Menbere and Dr. Gould Ellen will explore the basics of the public policy job market, provide insights for doctoral students early in their career, and examine four types of employment available to policy PhDs.

 
 
Results: 79 Articles found.
 
 
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