Thursday, March 26, 2020

#2020APPAM Submission Deadline Extended

APPAM is extending the deadline to April 24th, in an attempt to provide extra time to prepare proposals, considering the public health context.


#APPAM16INTL Student Summary: "Causes and Consequences of Inequality in Academic Achievement: Comparisons Across Countries, Cohorts, and the Life-Course"

Natasha Codiroli McMaster, student
University College of London


Jane Waldfogel opened the session by outlining differences in associations between family resources and achievement in the US, UK, Canada and Australia before students have had any schooling, or ‘school readiness.’ This was particularly pertinent as many of the gaps in attainment occur before students have started schooling, and their analysis found the largest disparities occurred in the US and UK. Jane stressed the importance of looking at the trajectory of inequality and attainment rather than just differences between the most disadvantaged, and most advantaged students. 
Anna Chmielewski and Sean Reardon went on to look at the associations between attainment and family circumstances across OECD countries. Achievement gaps appear to be increasing over time, a pattern that seems particularly large in less developed countries. Anna pinpointed the majority of this growth to disparities between the least advantaged students and their more middleclass peers, further highlighting the need to look at disparities across all students. Sean presented work further confirming that achievement gaps appear largest in the US. He discussed practices of streaming students by ability and/or financial means, and standardising testing across schools, and found that both were associated with the extent of educational inequalities within countries.
Finally, Daniele Checchi concluded the session, presenting work on the changing skills inequalities over time, and focused on the specific effects of educational policies aimed at reducing gaps. He stressed the importance of looking at skills inequalities and educational inequalities separately; although they are closely related, educational assessments cannot not perfectly measure skills. Their work suggested that skills are particularly important in later inequalities in the labour market. 
The large differences across countries offers hope that policy can address these inequalities, and a vibrant discussion followed the talks on which particular policies may ensure fairer life chances.  

« Back

Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM)
NEW ADDRESS! 1100 Vermont Avenue, NW, Suite 650 Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202.496.0130 | Fax: 202.496.0134
Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Subscribe to me on YouTube

Home|About APPAM|Membership|Public Policy News|Conference & Events|Publications| Awards|Careers & Education|Members Only

Web site design and web site development by

© 2020 Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management. All Rights Reserved.
Site Map | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Events | Add Your Event